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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Child-Friendly School Policy

    This Policy was developed to ensure that implementation of child rights which are universally recognised and strengthening the quality and effectiveness of basic education. The policy also refeclts two important considerations in educational development in Cambodia including assuring equity of education and attracting participation from all institututions, agencies and individuals jointly to support the program. …

  2. Programs to address child marriage: Framing the problem

    Child marriage violates girls’ human rights and adversely affects their health and well-being. While age at marriage is increasing in most regions of the developing world, early marriage persists for large populations. Worldwide, it is estimated that more than one out of three women aged 20–24 were married before age 18, and one out of seven were married before age 15. There is great variation in child marriage practices across and within regions and between ethnic and religious groups. Eradicating child marriage has long been on the agenda of the United Nations and of individual countries. …

  3. Education status among orphans and non-orphans in communities affected by AIDS in Tanzania and Burkina Faso

    The AIDS pandemic has created an estimated 15 million orphans who may face elevated risk of poor health and social outcomes. This paper compares orphans and non-orphans regarding educational status and delay using data collected in three low-income communities affected by AIDS in Tanzania and Burkina Faso. Orphans were significantly more likely not to attend school than were non-orphans and also to be delayed when in school, though, after controlling for confounders, the risk was borderline and non-significant. …

  4. Looking within: creating community safety nets for vulnerable youth in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania

    This case study describes the work of a program implemented by Youth Alive Tanzania, a faith-based organization in Dar-es-Salaam, which created The Youth and Parents Crisis Counseling Center (YOPAC) in 1999. YOPAC was established by Youth Alive with the specific aim of helping children and youth protect their access to education, including primary and secondary education, as well as vocational training. YOPAC's other activities include home-based care, HIV testing and counseling, psychosocial care and support, education, and outreach programming. …

  5. Innovations in education: the role of the education sector in combating HIV/AIDS

    From 2002-2005 Africare implemented the Community Based Care, Protection and Empowerment (COPE) for Children Affected by AIDS (CABA) project in Mutasa District of Zimbabwe. The goal of the project was to encourage shared responsibility for orphans and vulnerable children by increasing community capacity to respond to the needs of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). …

  6. Positively caring: ensuring that positive choices can be made about the care of children affected by HIV

    This report examines the impacts of HIV on the care choices of children, exploring how HIV affects whether or not children can remain within parental care, and on the alternative care options open to them. It is based on qualitative research in Malawi, India and Ukraine, and on a global literature review. It is in response to alarming global evidence on the rising numbers of children outside of parental care, and growing global recognition that responses to HIV should centre on increased support to families as the best means of providing care and protection for children.

  7. Understanding adolescent girls' protection strategies against HIV: an exploratory study in urban Lusaka

    Being young and female are two central aspects of vulnerability to HIV which intersect in the lives of adolescent girls. Both before and within marriage, girls and young women are especially vulnerable to contracting HIV as a result of both their biological susceptibility as well as their relative powerlessness within sexual relationships, the primary means of transmission. Girls and young women are disproportionally infected and affected by HIV and AIDS. …

  8. The Global Fund's strategy for ensuring gender equality in the response to HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

    Le présent document présente la stratégie du Fonds mondial visant à garantir l'égalité des genres dans le cadre de la réaction au VIH/sida, à la tuberculose et au paludisme. Il met en évidence la manière dont les inégalités entre les hommes et les femmes entretiennent la propagation de la maladie et affectent la capacité des femmes et des jeunes filles, mais aussi des hommes et des garçons, à accéder équitablement aux services de soins et aux autres services. …

  9. Not Yet: Programs to delay first sex among teens

    Not Yet: Programs to Delay First Sex Among Teens is part of the National Campaign's "Putting What Works to Work" project, an effort to publish and disseminate the latest research on teen pregnancy in straightforward, easy-to-understand language and provide clear implications for policy, programs, and parents. It provides detailed descriptions of teen pregnancy prevention programme that have been shown through careful research to have delayed sexual initiation for teens. …

  10. The framework for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

    The human tragedy and mounting crisis of orphans and vulnerable children demands a global response. Attention now is required to generate the resources and to expand the partnerships needed to respond adequately, and with common objectives, over the long term. This framework reflects a broad international consensus around goals, principles, strategies and programming that should guide such a response. …

  11. Quantifying effects of illness and death on education at school level: implications for HIV/AIDS responses

    The purpose of this project was to quantify and understand impacts of HIV/AIDS on education, many of which will be carried by poor households and communities, and provide information to feed into multi-sectoral strategy to mitigate negative impacts. Schools and school communities are critical points of intervention in South Africa.

  12. Guide to the monitoring and evaluation of the national response for children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS

    This document provides guidance to governments, international organizations and NGOs in the monitoring and evaluation of the national response for children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS. It includes methods and tools for measurement at the national level. …

  13. Good policy and practice in HIV and AIDS and education. Booklet 2: HIV and AIDS and safe, secure and supportive learning environments

    This booklet is the second in a series of publications that address key themes of UNESCO's work on HIV and AIDS and the education sector. It discusses issues affecting learners in the context of HIV and AIDS, including rights and access to education, protection, knowledge and skills, and care and support. It also includes a bibliography, a list of practical tools and resources, and sources of additional information.

  14. Ensuring Access to Education for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children through Safe and Supportive Hostel Boarding Facilities

    The main objectives of this study were to: ascertain how far existing government and informal hostels catered for the needs of orphans and vulnerable children; assess the merits of alternatives to hostels; present an analysis of factors determining the success/failure of current community hostels; make recommendations on re-formulating entry qualifications for formal and informal hostels.

  15. Education access and retention for educationally marginalised children: innovations in social protection

    A review of social protection mechanisms for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in the education sector in the Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) was commissioned by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in 2005. This review was conducted by the MTT, and is one of three components of UNICEF's review of social protection mechanisms in the ESAR region, including reviews of the role of public works and cash transfers. …

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