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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Orphans and vulnerable children: Trends in school access and experience in Eastern and Southern Africa

    Across sub-Saharan Africa, the AIDS pandemic has impacted children in a myriad of ways, from parental loss, to HIV infection, to increased poverty and marginalization. These children have been labeled orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in the international development literature, and a range of interventions have provided services aiming to mitigate the impact of the crisis on human development outcomes, including education. …

  2. Orphanhood and completion of compulsory school education among young people in South Africa: findings from a national representative survey

    We examined the association of orphanhood and completion of compulsory school education among young people in South Africa. In South Africa, school attendance is compulsory through grade 9, which should be completed before age 16. However, family and social factors such as orphanhood and poverty can hinder educational attainment. Participants were 10,452 16-24-year-olds who completed a South African national representative household survey. Overall, 23% had not completed compulsory school levels. …

  3. Adolescent' girls' life aspirations and reproductive health in Nepal

    The study described in this paper takes a participatory and positive approach to improving adolescent reproductive health in a rural and urban community in Nepal. It shows that adolescent girls in these communities have dreams and aspirations for a better future and that adults acknowledge and support these ideals. However, social norms and institutions are restrictive, especially for girls, who are often unable to realise their hopes for continuing education, finding better-paid work or delaying marriage and childbearing, and this directly impacts reproductive outcomes. …

  4. Technical consultation on children affected by HIV and AIDS: universal access to prevention, treatment and care, February 7-8, 2006, London. Consultation Report

    The third Global Partners' Forum (GPF) on Children affected by HIV and AIDS was, for the first time, preceded by a technical consultation of diverse stakeholders. The intention of this Consultation was to bring together technical expertise to address barriers to universal access of prevention, treatment and care for children affected by HIV and AIDS. Ultimately this group of stakeholders would take forward clear actions in their own right, as well as submit recommendations for consideration by the subsequent GPF. …

  5. Responding to the education needs of children and adolescents affected by AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Report on Town Hall Meeting, October 23, 2001

    On October 23, 2001, more than 100 people gathered at Peace Corps headquarters in Washington, D.C., for the third in a series of Town Hall Meetings to address the needs of orphans and vulnerable children in developing countries. The meeting focused on the challenge of educating children and adolescents affected by AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. By bringing together participants from a wide range of groups, including from both the education and health sectors, organizers hoped to stimulate a useful exchange of information. …

  6. Excluded and invisible. The state of the world's children 2006

    This year, The State of theWorld's Children will focus on the millions of children for whom these pledges of a better world remain unfulfilled. The report assesses global efforts to realize the MDGs, the central development targets of the agenda, and demonstrates the marked impact that their achievement would have on children's lives and future generations. It also explains how, with the MDGs focused on national averages, children in marginalized communities risk missing out on essential services such as health care, education and protection. …

  7. Enhanced protection for children affected by AIDS: a companion paper to The Framework for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

    This publication serves as a companion paper to The Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS. It discusses the protection issues facing children globally, outlining the priority actions needed to reduce their vulnerability. Like The Framework, the publication has been widely endorsed by international and non-governmental partners. …

  8. Childhood under threat: The state of the world's children 2005

    Chapter four of this publication is devoted to children orphaned or made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS.

  9. Child protection and children affected by AIDS. A companion paper to The framework for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS.

    Many international and non-governmental organizations have endorsed The Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS (The Framework), which outlines key strategies and actions. In October 2005, the Unite for Children. Unite against AIDS global campaign was launched. Among the central goals of the campaign is the protection, care and support of children affected by AIDS. …

  10. Addressing the educational needs of orphans and vulnerable children

    This paper was developed by the working group on education and HIV/AIDS and summarises issues raised from a meeting in London on 10 December 2003. The paper describes the educational disadvantage faced by OVC's. It goes on to look at educational responses with a specific focus on three: open and distance learning; school feeding schemes; and the index for inclusion.

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