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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Changes in HIV prevalence among differently educated groups in Tanzania between 2003 and 2007

    Objective: HIV prevalence trends suggest that the epidemic is stable or declining in many sub-Saharan African countries. However, trends might differ between socioeconomic groups. Educational attainment is a common measure of socioeconomic position in HIV datasets from Africa. Several studies have shown higher HIV prevalence among more educated groups, but this may change over time. We describe changes in HIV prevalence by educational attainment in Tanzania from 2003 to 2007. …

  2. Education and vulnerability: the role of schools in protecting young women and girls from HIV in southern Africa

    Education has a potentially important role to play in tackling the spread of HIV, but is there evidence that this potential is realized? This analysis combines the results of previous literature reviews and updates them with the findings of recent randomized controlled trials and a discussion of possible mechanisms for the effect of schooling on vulnerability to HIV infection. There is a growing body of evidence that keeping girls in school reduces their risk of contracting HIV. …

  3. Planning a systemic education response to the needs of orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) in Rwanda

    The objectives of the present study on education provision for OVC, as agreed with MINEDUC and CfBT, were to: Review the categories of OVC and children out of school; Review the identification and description of current education programmes for OVC and out-of-school children; Summarise what is known today of these programmes; Identify unmet needs - and/or changes needed in current OVC education programmes; Note the diversity of children, the diversity of their educational needs, their geographical contexts, social contexts, presence/absence of existing programmes in terms of geographical sprea …

  4. The impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education in Kenya

    The objectives of the study were: 1) To assess the impact of HIV/AIDS on demand and supply of education in primary schools in Kenya; 2) To assess the anticipated trends of the impact of HIV/AIDS on primary schools in Kenya for the next 10 to 15 years; and 3) To review the role of education in mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS in the educational sector.

  5. Orphans and schooling in Africa: a longitudinal analysis

    AIDS deaths could have a major impact on economic development by affecting the human capital accumulation of the next generation. We estimate the impact of parent death on primary school participation using an unusual five-year panel data set of over 20,000 Kenyan children. There is a substantial decrease in school participation following a parent death and a smaller drop before the death (presumably due to pre-death morbidity). Estimated impacts are smaller in specifications without individual fixed effects, suggesting that estimates based on cross-sectional data are biased toward zero. …

  6. Growing up and sexual maturation among the Luo of Kenya: removing barriers to quality education

    This document was written to follow up the exploratory studies undertaken by the Quality Education for Social Transformation (QUEST) programme in Kenya, Uganda and Zimbabwe. To develop instructional materials on the process of growing up and sexual maturation for use in teacher education institutions and primary schools, the Maseno University research team conducted a study to establish the traditional ways of growing up and sexual maturation (GUSM) among four generations of the Luo (one of the main ethnic communities in Kenya). …

  7. Factors influencing access and retention in primary schooling for children and young people affected by HIV and AIDS: Case studies from rural Malawi

    This report presents findings from the second phase of the SOFIE research project. The research focuses on young people affected by HIV and AIDS and aims to improve their access to learning and increase retention through the use of ODFL strategies that complement and enrich conventional schooling.

  8. Primary education in eastern and southern Africa: increasing access for orphans and vulnerable children in AIDS-affected areas

    This research and analysis assesses national and community level initiatives that have the potential to increase primary education access for children who have been orphaned (or made vulnerable) in areas heavily affected by AIDS in the eastern and southern Africa region (ESAR). This assessment analyzes various initiatives to learn lessons that can be used to more effectively target resources to increase primary education access for orphans and other vulnerable children in this region.

  9. Contrasting Primary School Outcomes of Paternal and Maternal Orphans in Manicaland, Zimbabwe

    Fewer orphans are enrolled in school than other children but the extent of disadvantage-after allowing for their older average age- is small in most countries. Crosscountry analyses show variation in the size and strength of associations between orphanhood and education according to the form of parental loss experienced. However, maternal death is usually more detrimental to children's education chances than paternal death and double orphans are typically the least likely to be in school. These differences are not fully accounted for by differences in household socio-economic circumstances. …

  10. Access and Equity. Extending access to post-primary learning opportunities: a critical analysis

    The education sector in Mozambique is looking to expand post-primary teaching and learning. …

  11. The Impact of adult mortality on primary school enrollment in Northwestern Tanzania

    This report is on a study which responds to the call for greater analysis of the problem in different country contexts by examining the impact of adult mortality and orphan status on primary school enrollment in Tanzania. Findings include that enrollment rates for both primary and secondary schooling in Tanzania are below the average for Africa and secondary enrollment rate among the lowest in the world. …

  12. The Encounter Between HIV/AIDS and Education

    This document looks at how HIV/AIDS is conceptualized as having the potential to affect education through ten different mechanisms i.e. …

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