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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Length of secondary schooling and risk of HIV infection in Botswana: evidence from a natural experiment

    Background An estimated 2.1 million individuals are newly infected with HIV every year. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have reported conflicting evidence for the association between education and HIV risk, and no randomised trial has identified a causal effect for education on HIV incidence. We aimed to use a policy reform in secondary schooling in Botswana to identify the causal effect of length of schooling on new HIV infection. …

  2. The impact of HIV on children's education in eastern Zimbabwe

    Little is known about how HIV impacts directly and indirectly on receiving, or particularly succeeding in, education in sub-Saharan Africa. To address this gap, we used multivariable logistic regression to determine the correlation between education outcomes in youth (aged 15–24) (being in the correct grade-for-age, primary school completion and having at least five “O” level passes) and being HIV-positive; having an HIV-positive parent; being a young carer; or being a maternal, paternal or double orphan, in five rounds (1998–2011) of a general population survey from eastern Zimbabwe. …

  3. HIV infection and schooling experiences of adolescents in Uganda

    This chapter, from the publication " Social and psychosocial aspects of HIV/AIDS and their ramifications" responds to the need for relevant evidence by exploring the experiences of HIV-positive adolescent boys and girls in primary and secondary schools in Uganda from the perspectives of school officials and teachers, the general student body, as well as adolescents perinatally infected with HIV. …

  4. A Review of education policy to address the active and passive exclusion of learners affected by HIV and AIDS from attending or participating in schooling

    The study focuses on four key barriers to education, which are most prominent for children affected by HIV and AIDS, namely: HIV/AIDS-related illness of learners; Grief and trauma associated with illness and death of family/household members; Increased domestic responsibility (and exploitation through child labour) for children affected by AIDS; HIV- and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination.

  5. Out-of-school and at risk? Socio-demographic characteristics, AIDS knowledge and risk perception among young people in Northern Tanzania

    This paper investigates the reasons why young people in urban and rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania do not attend school, their socio-demographic characteristics, AIDS knowledge and risk perception. A structured face-to-face interview was conducted with 1007 young people between the ages of 13 and 18. Findings suggest that non-attendance is the product of a complex interaction of economic, individual, family and school-related factors. Boys have more AIDS knowledge than girls, and those from urban areas are more knowledgeable than their rural counterparts. …

  6. Factors influencing access and retention in secondary schooling for orphaned and vulnerable children and young people: case studies from high HIV and AIDS prevalence contexts in Lesotho

    The aim of this study was to identify factors influencing access and retention in secondary schooling for orphans and other vulnerable children living in high HIV prevalence areas of Lesotho. A case study approach was used to address this aim. The findings from this study have been used to inform an intervention that seeks to increase access to learning and thereby reduce drop-out and repetition rates in secondary schools. This study and the intervention are part of a larger programme of research known as the SOFIE Project (see http://sofie.ioe.ac.uk). …

  7. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners: lessons from Namibia and Tanzania

    This report is a commissioned review of best practice as well as an exploratory study in two countries, Namibia and Tanzania, to understand how the education sector should support HIV-positive learners at school. The increase in the number of children and young people living with HIV poses new challenges to the education sector. The report identifies the specific challenges faced by the education system in responding to the needs of HIV-positive learners and develops a set of recommendations and guidelines about how best to support them.

  8. VIH/SIDA et le secteur de l'éducation : impact sur les apprenants

    Les études d'impact, de prévention, et de sensibilisation pour le changement des comportements, ainsi que les documents de politiques et de stratégies qui traitent du VIH/SIDA sur le système éducatif, mais surtout de l'impact sur les apprenants des pays tels que le Burkina Faso, le Cameroun, la Côte d'Ivoire, le Ghana et le Sénégal font l'objet de la présente synthèse. Le sujet abordé sera relatif à la demande et à la qualité de l'éducation du système car celui-ci est confronté aux effets du VIH/SIDA notamment au niveau de l'offre. …

  9. Quantifying effects of illness and death on education at school level: implications for HIV/AIDS responses

    The purpose of this project was to quantify and understand impacts of HIV/AIDS on education, many of which will be carried by poor households and communities, and provide information to feed into multi-sectoral strategy to mitigate negative impacts. Schools and school communities are critical points of intervention in South Africa.

  10. HIV/AIDS: the rights of learners and educators

    Schools can be the most important place to discuss the many issues surrounding HIV/AIDS. It is here where facts and information are taught and ideas debated. Education is more than just gaining skills. A sense of respect for others and taking a stand against injustice, inequality and discrimination, is as important as learning to read, write and count. Schools should be a place where we feel safe and comfortable to talk about serious subjects such as HIV/AIDS. A supportive school environment is one where all learners and educators are accepted and treated with respect. …

  11. Education and HIV/AIDS: ensuring education access for orphans and vulnerable children. A training module

    This module is based on an analysis of information from two kinds of sources. The first is a review of current literature on OVC and their access to basic education. The second source of information is based on a series of interviews and discussions with many people who have field experience with orphans, access to education, subsidies, and social fund issues. The module is divided into five sections with corresponding workshop exercises at the end of each section. Section 1 - Who is an Orphan, who is a Vulnerable Child, and How Many Are There? …

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