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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Factors influencing access and retention in secondary schooling for orphaned and vulnerable children and young people: case studies from high HIV and AIDS prevalence contexts in Lesotho

    The aim of this study was to identify factors influencing access and retention in secondary schooling for orphans and other vulnerable children living in high HIV prevalence areas of Lesotho. A case study approach was used to address this aim. The findings from this study have been used to inform an intervention that seeks to increase access to learning and thereby reduce drop-out and repetition rates in secondary schools. This study and the intervention are part of a larger programme of research known as the SOFIE Project (see http://sofie.ioe.ac.uk). …

  2. The challenge of youth

    Ce document fait partie d'une série de livret élaboré par l'UNESCO dans le cade du Projet Spécial UNESCO/DANIDA pour les femmes et les filles en Afrique. Ces livrets sont destinés aux femmes néo-alphabétisées et aux filles non scolarisées. Cependant, les messages contenus dans les histoires peuvent être utilisés comme matériels pédagogiques de lecture supplémentaire au sein du système formel pour les lecteurs des deux sexes. Les sujets des livrets, basés sur les évaluations des besoins, reflètent un large éventail de besoins et de conditions des femmes d'Afrique sub-saharienne. …

  3. Niños, niñas y adolescentes en situación de riesgo a causa del VIH/SIDA

    El presente estudio fue realizado por PROINFANCIA, con el apoyo de UNICEF en 2004. Tiene como propósito estudiar en dos provincias del país cuál es la concordancia entre la situación de los niños, niñas y adolescentes vulnerables por la epidemia y las respuestas que se están dando para darle solución, tanto por parte de las familias como por el Estado y las organizaciones comunitarias. …

  4. Increasing learning opportunities for orphans and vulnerable children in Africa

    This brief outlines the situation of orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa and proposes measures to increase their access to education.

  5. Mortality, mobility, and schooling outcomes among orphans. Evidence from Malawi

    More than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one parent in Malawi. Lack of investments in human capital and adverse conditions during childhood are often associated with lower living standards in the future. Therefore, if orphans face an increased risk of poverty, exploitation, malnutrition, and poorer access to health care and schooling, early intervention is critical so as to avoid the potential poverty trap. …

  6. AIDS-related parental loss: does the age when the trauma occurs matter?

    The purpose of this paper is to use data from the Kagera region of northwestern Tanzania to investigate the long run impact of the timing of parental death on the education outcomes. …

  7. The demand for education for orphans in Zimbabwe

    We examine the effect of orphan status on school enrolment in Zimbabwe, a country strongly impacted by the HIV/AIDS pandemic with a rapidly growing population of orphans. Using data from 2003, after controlling for other determinants of enrolment we find that orphans are less likely to attend school than non-orphans. The result is robust to our correction for selection bias. …

  8. Orphans and vulnerable children in high HIV-prevalence countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This study provides estimates of the size and distribution of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in eight sub-Saharan African countries with relatively high HIV prevalence (Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe), and assesses their situation over several dimensions including schooling and health care. The study uses data collected in recent nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) that included HIV testing of adult women and men. …

  9. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners: lessons from Namibia and Tanzania

    This report is a commissioned review of best practice as well as an exploratory study in two countries, Namibia and Tanzania, to understand how the education sector should support HIV-positive learners at school. The increase in the number of children and young people living with HIV poses new challenges to the education sector. The report identifies the specific challenges faced by the education system in responding to the needs of HIV-positive learners and develops a set of recommendations and guidelines about how best to support them.

  10. The social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS on families with adolescents and children in Cambodia

    Cambodia is among the countries most severely affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. In 2003, an estimated 123,100 adults in Cambodia were living with HIV/AIDS and 60,000 children were affected by HIV/AIDS. In responding to the epidemic, donors, policymakers, and program planners have had little country-specific information regarding the impact of HIV/AIDS and the effectiveness of interventions, impeding their ability to make decisions regarding resource allocation and program design. …

  11. The role of education in the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

    The priority actions for Education and Orphans and Vulnerable Children elaborated in this paper are: to ensure access to education for all, including orphans and vulnerable children, through initiatives such as abolishing school fees, reducing hidden costs and opportunity costs, establishing community networks, and monitoring progress; to manage the supply and ensure the quality of education by strengthening education management and information systems, as well as building teacher/administrator HIV/AIDS capacity, and establishing policies and practices to reduce their own risks; to expand the  …

  12. The long-term impacts of orphanhood on education attainment and land inheritance among adults in rural Kenya

    The long-term economic impacts of the AIDS epidemic on orphans have been major concerns in countries hit by the epidemic. Responding to these concerns, previous studies have investigated the schooling of orphans. Yet, few studies have investigated the impacts of orphan status into adulthood. Therefore, this paper examines the education attainment and land inheritance of former orphans, who have lost at least one parent before reaching 15, by using a survey of 889 households in Kenya in 2004. …

  13. The impact of HIV/AIDS on children and young people

    Paper originally presented in a December 2002 workshop on "Anticipating the impact of AIDS on the Education Sector in South-East Asia".

  14. The framework for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

    The human tragedy and mounting crisis of orphans and vulnerable children demands a global response. Attention now is required to generate the resources and to expand the partnerships needed to respond adequately, and with common objectives, over the long term. This framework reflects a broad international consensus around goals, principles, strategies and programming that should guide such a response. …

  15. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Children: Lights and Shadows in the "Successful Case" of Uganda

    This chapter analyses the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS on children in Uganda, with specific focus on their health, education and social welfare, and on the current and future policy/programme responses in the field of prevention, treatment and mitigation.

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