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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National plan of action for orphans and vulnerable children 2006-2010

    This National Plan of Action (NPA) for Orphans and Vulnerable Children is linked to the National Multisectoral HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan 2006-2008 and the National HIV and AIDS Policy. It arises out of a recognised need for practical steps and widespread cooperation to ensure the rights of all children are fully met in Swaziland. This Plan, therefore, outlines clear actions to be taken, necessary to promote the survival, growth, well being, development and protection of OVC. …

  2. The short-term impacts of a schooling conditional cash transfer program on the sexual behaviour of young women

    Recent evidence suggests that conditional cash transfer programs for schooling are effective in raising school enrollment and attendance. However, there is also reason to believe that such programs can affect other outcomes, such as the sexual behavior of their young beneficiaries. Zomba Cash Transfer Program is a randomized, ongoing conditional cash transfer intervention targeting young women in Malawi that provides incentives (in the form of school fees and cash transfers) to current schoolgirls and recent dropouts to stay in or return to school. …

  3. Literature review on HIV and AIDS, education and marginalization

    The theme of the 2010 GMR on Reaching and Teaching the Most Marginalized has particular relevance for the IATT on Education as marginalization is a cause of HIV risk and vulnerability, and often a consequence of being HIV-positive. Children affected by AIDS can face particular challenges in accessing educational opportunities, ensuring regular school attendance, and continuing their studies. Teachers are given an important responsibility in ensuring that children and young people acquire essential knowledge, skills and attitudes for HIV prevention. …

  4. The impact of HIV and AIDS on education: education for orphans and vulnerable children in Zambia

    In Zambia, many children have lost one or both parents to HIV and AIDS, leaving them with the responsibility of caring for younger siblings and with little money for school necessities, such as uniforms and books. Oxfam GB is working in partnership with communities and local organisations, including the Zambia Education and Development Advocacy Organisation (ZEDAO), Children In Distress (CINDI) and YWCA Mongu to achieve high quality education for all, giving future generations the chance to lift their communities out of poverty.

  5. Young positives living their rights! Considerations, challenges and opportunities towards universal access to treatment, care and support

    The following briefing paper was developed by young people living with HIV. This briefing paper outlines a number of key issues, considerations, challenges and recommendations for policy-makers, NGOs, young people, people living with HIV and other actors in the response to HIV to help us all build a supportive and enabling environment for young people living with HIV to realize their rights.

  6. La prévention du SIDA et des autres MTS dans une perspective d'éducation à la sexualité chez les élèves présentant une déficience intellectuelle. Répertoire d'activités d'enseignement et d'apprentissage en lien avec les programmes d'études adaptés - Secondaire premier et deuxième cycles

    La prévention du SIDA et des autres MTS dans une perspective d'éducation à la sexualité chez les élèves présentant une déficience intellectuelle. Répertoire d'activités d'enseignement et d'apprentissage en lien avec les programmes d'études adaptés - Secondaire premier et deuxième cycles est un document développé en 2000 par la Direction des communications du ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Gouvernement du Québec. …

  7. Effects of Programs Supporting Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Key Findings, Emerging Issues, and Future Directions from Evaluations of Four Projects in Kenya and Tanzania

    This report provides a summary of key findings from evaluations of four programs, two in Kenya and two in Tanzania, supporting orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC). The overall aim of these evaluations was to ascertain the extent to which program interventions are effective in improving the well-being of OVC and their families, and the interventions' cost-effectiveness in achieving key outcomes. This report focuses on the overarching outcomes, emerging issues, and lessons learned from these evaluation studies of OVC programs. …

  8. Reglamenta inciso tercero del Artículo 2° de la Ley N° 18.962 que regula el estatuto de las alumnas en situación de embarazo y maternidad

    Reglamento del Ministerio de Educación de Chile que reglamenta la situación de las embarazadas en la escuela. Garantías para la continuación de sus estudios.

  9. HIV/AIDS, Stigma and Children: A literature review

    This research suggests that stigma and discrimination can exacerbate the material and psychological problems children already face in context of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. This paper reviews the literature on HIV/AIDS, children and stigma to interrogate the following questions: What is the evidence that HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination directly affects children, both materially and psychologically? How does HIV/AIDS-related stigma impact materially and psychologically, on adult caregivers and household structures supporting children affected by HIV/AIDS? …

  10. Factors influencing access and retention in secondary schooling for orphaned and vulnerable children and young people: case studies from high HIV and AIDS prevalence contexts in Lesotho

    The aim of this study was to identify factors influencing access and retention in secondary schooling for orphans and other vulnerable children living in high HIV prevalence areas of Lesotho. A case study approach was used to address this aim. The findings from this study have been used to inform an intervention that seeks to increase access to learning and thereby reduce drop-out and repetition rates in secondary schools. This study and the intervention are part of a larger programme of research known as the SOFIE Project (see http://sofie.ioe.ac.uk). …

  11. Niños, niñas y adolescentes en situación de riesgo a causa del VIH/SIDA

    El presente estudio fue realizado por PROINFANCIA, con el apoyo de UNICEF en 2004. Tiene como propósito estudiar en dos provincias del país cuál es la concordancia entre la situación de los niños, niñas y adolescentes vulnerables por la epidemia y las respuestas que se están dando para darle solución, tanto por parte de las familias como por el Estado y las organizaciones comunitarias. …

  12. Girls' Power Initiative Nigeria. Training manual. Level 2. Adolescent Sexuality, sexual and reproductive health and rights.

    This document is a training manual designed to help facilitator to provide sexuality education (human sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, rights and responsibilities). This training manual (level 2) was produced and revised by Girl's power initiative (GPI), a Nigerian NGO in 2003. …

  13. Increasing learning opportunities for orphans and vulnerable children in Africa

    This brief outlines the situation of orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa and proposes measures to increase their access to education.

  14. Mortality, mobility, and schooling outcomes among orphans. Evidence from Malawi

    More than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one parent in Malawi. Lack of investments in human capital and adverse conditions during childhood are often associated with lower living standards in the future. Therefore, if orphans face an increased risk of poverty, exploitation, malnutrition, and poorer access to health care and schooling, early intervention is critical so as to avoid the potential poverty trap. …

  15. Somalia HIV/AIDS prevention, advocacy and communication framework

    The HIV/AIDS prevention, advocacy and communication framework for Somalia has been developed for cross-cutting communications support to the priority strategies identified in the 'Strategic framework for the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and STIs within Somali Populations.' The Communication Framework addresses HIV/AIDS advocacy, training, IEC material, and capacity building needs for Somali populations. …

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