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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Promoting gender responsive budgeting in the national response on HIV and AIDS in Nigeria

    In 2015, the National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA) with the support of UNWomen, UNAIDS and UNDP implemented a project titled 'Institutional Strengthening for Enhanced Gender Responsive HIV Response in Nigeria'. The goal of this initiative was to strengthen institutional mechanisms for strategic integration of gender mainstreaming in the national, state level (5 states) and institutional response to HIV and AIDS in Nigeria. …

  2. AIDS at 35: a midlife crisis

    AIDS was first publicly reported on 5 June 1981 in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) of the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Doctors in New York and San Francisco were seeing clusters of previously extremely rare diseases such as Pneumocystis carinii, and Kaposi’s sarcoma. These infections manifested in exceptionally serious forms, initially, within a narrowly defined risk group — young, homosexual men, and led to death within a short period. …

  3. Frequently asked questions about HIV and AIDS

    This booklet contains a list of frequently asked questions, and answers, about HIV and AIDS.

  4. HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility among Africa’s youth: Insights from a multi-country study

    Africa’s young people aged 15–24 are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. The impact of the epidemic on young people calls for close attention to the youth dimensions of the epidemic. To inform the development of more effective policies for targeting youth and meeting their needs, the Population Council and partners conducted a study of HIV risk-taking and health-seeking behaviors among young people in Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda. …

  5. Building the assets to thrive: Addressing the HIV-related vulnerabilities of adolescent girls in Ethiopia

    Reaching vulnerable adolescent girls with information and connecting them to services are not straightforward tasks. Poor girls in Ethiopia have few opportunities to access public institutions such as youth or community centers, health services, financial institutions, and schools. They may not know that they have a right to these services, and service delivery staff might not welcome them. …

  6. Key findings on HIV prevention information needs in Lesotho

    This document reports key findings of a study on HIV prevention information needs in Lesotho. Data was collected in late 2009 using qualitative research methods. Eleven key informant interviews were conducted with policy makers, opinion leaders, program managers, and development partners, all working on HIV and AIDS activities at the national level. Each was based in Maseru, though some of their work covered both rural and urban areas. Four focus group discussions (FGDs) were also conducted with a total of 17 participants. …

  7. Key findings from the Zimbabwe HIV prevention information needs assessment

    The Southern African HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), with support from the Knowledge for Health (K4Health) project, conducted a series of national HIV information needs assessments in southern Africa to support the planning and development of a knowledge management program. This program aims to increase the dissemination and use of accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information in order to improve HIV prevention across the region. …

  8. Key findings from the Swaziland HIV prevention information needs assessment

    The Southern African HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), with support from the Knowledge for Health (K4Health) project, conducted a series of national HIV information needs assessments in southern Africa to support the planning and development of a knowledge management program. This program aims to increase the dissemination and use of accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information in order to improve HIV prevention in the region. …

  9. Operation plan of the national HIV prevention strategy: phase one (October 2009 - June 2011)

    The Government of Malawi, in collaboration with partners, developed the National HIV Prevention Strategy that will guide HIV prevention interventions for the period September 2009 to December 2013. The national strategy addresses key gaps in prevention programming in Malawi's national HIV response. It calls for a strategic focus on the main drivers of the HIV epidemic to reduce sexual transmission of the virus. This includes a concerted effort to reduce concurrent and multiple sexual partnerships and identifying discordant couples and reducing HIV transmission between them. …

  10. HIV/AIDS knowledge and behaviour: have information campaigns reduced HIV infection? The case of Kenya

    AIDS continues to have a devastating effect on developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The lack of a proven effective vaccine to stop HIV transmission has led to much of public policy putting an emphasis on information campaigns in order to reduce HIV-prevalence. In this paper we examine the impact of HIV/AIDS-knowledge from two sides. First, we examine to what extent the campaigns have been successful at inducing the expected behavioural change with regards to HIV-related attitudes. Second, we examine the impact of HIV/AIDS knowledge on HIV status. …

  11. Reporting from within. HIV and AIDS in the South Caucasus: a manual for journalists

    In Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia a general lack of HIV and AIDS coverage currently exists while HIV rates are rising throughout the broader region. What's more, the very complicated issues associated to HIV and AIDS have by some accounts created a greater need for specialist health reporters. The combination of these dilemmas in the South Caucasus requires an increase of coverage with a more thoughtful approach to reporting. …

  12. Act No. 14 of 2006 - HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control Act

    The object and purpose of this Act is to (a) Promote public awareness about the causes, modes of transmission, consequences, means of prevention and control of HIV and AIDS; (b) Extend to every person suspected or known to be infected with HIV and AIDS full protection of his human rights and civil liberties by - (i) Prohibiting compulsory HIV testing save as provided in this Act; (ii) Guaranteeing the right to privacy of the individual; (iii) Outlawing discrimination in all its forms and subtleties against persons with or persons perceived or suspected of having HIV and AIDS; (iv) Ensuring the …

  13. Research dossier: HIV prevention for girls and young women in Kenya

    This Research Dossier supports the Report Card on HIV Prevention for Girls and Young Women in Kenya produced by the United Nations Global Coalition on Women and AIDS (GCWA). It documents the detailed research coordinated for the GCWA by the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), with the support of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), United Nations Program on AIDS (UNAIDS) and Young Positives. The Report Card provides an "at a glance" summary of the current status of HIV prevention strategies and services for girls and young women in Kenya. …

  14. HIV/AIDS education in Tanzania: survey shows demand for better information

    Despite numerous national campaigns and millions of dollars spent on education and health services, HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in Tanzania remain at epidemic levels. Research has shown that it is important for anti-HIV initiatives to target the country's most vulnerable and high risk populations who contribute disproportionately to the spread of the illness. But what are the best ways for public health professionals to deliver information about HIV prevention to these populations? …

  15. The HIV/AIDS challenge in Mozambique: who is most at risk and how we can get more information to them

    HIV/AIDS is a major threat to the well-being of Mozambicans, not to mention to the country's economic and social development. Mozambique has one of the highest prevalence rates of HIV in the world. Close to 13 percent of the adult population between 15 and 49 is infected. Women, youth and young adults are most at risk. Analysis from AudienceScapes suggests that radio has the most potential for reaching women, youth and young adults. …

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