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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. How access to smartphones affects HIV risk among students in Tanzania: a case study of selected high schools in the Dar es Salaam region

    Studies show that smartphone adoption by teenagers in Tanzania has increased substantially, and mobile access to the Internet is pervasive. This study investigated whether the use of smartphones by high-school students in Tanzania raises their awareness of HIV or makes them more vulnerable to its acquisition. Twelve private and government high schools in Ilala and Kinondoni Municipalities, both day and boarding schools, participated in this study. Data collection entailed qualitative and quantitative methods. …

  2. Mapping HIV services and policies for adolescents: A survey of ten countries in sub-Saharan Africa

    PEPFAR and USAID, in collaboration with UNICEF, supported AIDSTAR-One in conducting a mapping activity to identify HIV policies and services for adolescents in 10 sub-Saharan African countries: Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. This technical report summarizes AIDSTAR-One’s findings and is a resource for program planners and policymakers working to improve services and policies for HIV prevention, care, and treatment among adolescents and ALHIV in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  3. Do teenagers respond to HIV risk information? Evidence from a field experiment in Kenya

    We use a randomized experiment to test whether and what information changes teenagers' sexual behavior in Kenya. Providing information on the relative risk of HIV infection by partner's age led to a 28 percent decrease in teen pregnancy, an objective proxy for the incidence of unprotected sex. Self-reported sexual behavior data suggests substitution away from older (riskier) partners and toward same-age partners. In contrast, the official abstinence-only HIV curriculum had no impact on teen pregnancy. …

  4. Sexual and Reproductive Health /HIV/AIDS/ Project for Adolescents and Youth

    Sexual and Reproductive Health /HIV/AIDS/Project for Adolescents and Youth is a small magazine developed by Geração Biz, a national, multi-sectoral adolescent program, including the Ministries of Health, Youth and Sports, and Education, and local NGOs, in Zambezia, Mozambique in 2001. It presents articles written to recall the importance to improve sexual and reproductive health among youth. It describes briefly the situation of the province of Zambezia, where the HIV prevalence is 13%, regarding early marriages, pregnancies, school attendance or knowledge of contraception. …

  5. Social marketing for health and family planning: Building on tradition and popular culture in Niger

    Publication qui décrit un projet de marketing social au Niger. Le marketing social applique des méthodes de marketing commercial pour améliorer les connaissances, modifier les comportements et encourager certaines pratiques, notamment l'utilisation de contraceptifs pour améliorer la santé publique. L'article passe en revue les méthodes et activités du projet.

  6. Building blocks in practice. Participatory tools to improve the development of care and support for orphans and vulnerable children

    Esta publicação foi concebida pela International HIV/AIDS Alliance para ajudar as comunidades a avaliar as situações e as necessidades das suas crianças e os recursos disponíveis, e identificar as acções que podem tomar, usando o processo de "acção para aprendizagem participativa". E destinado a organizações de formação e treinadores individuais assim como a programas de apoio às ONGs e ONGs internacionais. As ferramentas foram desenvolvidas e testadas durante uma reunião no Quénia, onde a KANCO foi anfitria, com ONGs/OBCs de Moçambique, Burkina Faso e Quénia e a equipa da Aliança. …

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