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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility among Africa’s youth: Insights from a multi-country study

    Africa’s young people aged 15–24 are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. The impact of the epidemic on young people calls for close attention to the youth dimensions of the epidemic. To inform the development of more effective policies for targeting youth and meeting their needs, the Population Council and partners conducted a study of HIV risk-taking and health-seeking behaviors among young people in Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda. …

  2. Building the assets to thrive: Addressing the HIV-related vulnerabilities of adolescent girls in Ethiopia

    Reaching vulnerable adolescent girls with information and connecting them to services are not straightforward tasks. Poor girls in Ethiopia have few opportunities to access public institutions such as youth or community centers, health services, financial institutions, and schools. They may not know that they have a right to these services, and service delivery staff might not welcome them. …

  3. Understanding young people and the law in Asia and the Pacific

    This issue of HEADLIGHT is based on the report Young people and the law in Asia and the Pacific, which was published by UNESCO, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA, and Youth Lead in 2013. In this brief we will focus especially on the issues in the report which affect access to HIV and sexual and reproductive health services (SRH) by young MSM and young TG, especially those under 18.

  4. Young people and the law in Asia and the Pacific: A review of laws and policies affecting young people's access to sexual and reproductive health and HIV services

    To date, there has been no systematic review of how laws and policies govern young people's access to sexual and reproductive health and HIV information and services, and the ability of service providers to ensure these services are available and accessible to young people. This review aims to do so for the Asia-Pacific region. It assesses criminal laws, laws in relation to age, laws on health and HIV, law enforcement practices, and national policies related to HIV, SRH and youth. …

  5. Multifaceted Adolescent Reproductive Health Education Strategies in Panama

    Reproductive health education relates directly to six of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals, including that of combating HIV/AIDS. The need for high-impact adolescent sexual and preoductive health care programs has become a primary concern for global health organizations. Regarding HIV/AIDS prevalence, Panama is at a critical point in which the situation can either drastically improve or deteriorate depending on how it is addressed. …

  6. Addressing sexual health and HIV in school. Four initiatives from sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America

    This publication describes three German-supported initiatives in Africa (specifically in Guinea, Mozambique and Tanzania) and one in Latin America (a six-country regional initiative). All integrate sexual health and HIV prevention within school systems. The three African initiatives operate within generalized epidemics driven largely by unprotected sex between men and women. In Latin America general prevalence in the countries described here is well below one percent, and much less among young people. …

  7. What they really want to know. Developing booklets for young people on growing up and sexuality

    A large proportion of young people worldwide are sexually active, and this exposes them to the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and to the risk of unintended pregnancies. In 2008, 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 gave birth and approximately 40% of these pregnancies were unintended. Young people between the ages of 15 and 24 years account for more than one third of all new HIV infections, with some 3,000 young people becoming infected with HIV each day. …

  8. The Youth to Youth Initiative – an assessment of results in Ethiopia and Kenya

    This report, commissioned by the Gesellschaft für International Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), brings out findings of an external assessment of the Youth-to-Youth (Y2Y) Initiative in Ethiopia and Kenya. The aim was to assess the results of the Y2Y-Initiative for young people with an emphasis on gender equality in the project regions both at individual level for participating young women and men as well as at the level of potentially changed perceptions of, and attitudes towards young people, in particular women, in their social environment.

  9. Expanding access to comprehensive reproductive health and HIV information and services for married adolescent girls in Nyanza Province

    Nyanza Province has been a focus of heightened attention in Kenya since the advent of the country’s HIV epidemic. …

  10. The Right to Contraceptive Information and Services for Women and Adolescents

    This briefing paper examines the rights of women and adolescents to access contraceptive information and services. It provides practical guidance for activists, scholars, UN agencies, nongovernmental organizations, governments, and other actors working in the area of sexual and reproductive health to integrate human rights into programs and policies. …

  11. National sexual and reproductive health policy

    The goal of this policy is to reduce the burden of morbidity and mortality attributed to sexual and reproductive conditions. The objectives are: 1. To provide essential sexual and reproductive health services, includes emergency obstetric and neonatal care; 2. To increase access to and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services; 3. To improve the quality of sexual and reproductive health services; 4. To ensure sustainable financing and effective management systems for sexual and reproductive health services.

  12. Aids e gravidez: os sentidos do risco e o desafio do cuidado

    "Aids e gravidez: os sentidos do risco e o desafio do cuidado", a partir de uma estudo qualitativo com depoentes soropositos e seus parceiros, busca compreender como o risco da transmissão vertical do HIV é apreendido e reconstruído pelas pessoas vivendo com HIV/Aids no momento de suas decisões reprodutivas. Dentre os resultados apontados, destaca-se o fato de que as questões reprodutivas não sâo explicitadas no espaço dos serviços de saúde. …

  13. National Behaviour Change Interventions Strategy for HIV/AIDS and Sexual Reproductive Health

    This document is prepared as a national guideline for planning behaviour change interventions and activities on HIV/AIDS and Sexual Reproductive Health [SRH] for the period 2001-2004. The National BCI Strategy is a planning tool, to guide ministries, district planners, NGOs, CBOs, DACCs, learning institutions, faith institutions and employers on effective HIV/AIDS and SRH behaviour change programs. The strategy is also intended to guide donors on areas of support and interventions that require national resources. The BCI Strategy has identified six key social groups for BC interventions. …

  14. Convergence of HIV and sexual and reproductive health services for people living with or most at risk of HIV: A toolkit for building capacity

    HIV-SRH convergence is defined as a very wide range of activities or processes, which are undertaken with an objective to provide a complete package to enable people to access services for HIV and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) which overlap. The aim of this capacity-building toolkit is to provide practical guidance for building capacity of various institutions to converge or integrate HIV and SRH services strategically, so that people who are living with HIV or are most at risk of HIV can access the SRH services they need without any barriers. …

  15. A Reproductive health communication model that helps improve young women's reproductive life and reduce population growth: The case of PRACHAR from Bihar, India

    PRACHAR, a reproductive health communication model developed and tested in rural Bihar, India, has been found to be successful in (a) delaying age at marriage and onset of childbearing, (b) increasing contraceptive use for spacing of pregnancies, and (c) generating the most positive impact on contraceptive use among the socioeconomically least advantaged. This paper presents the results of an exercise that estimates the impact of implementing the PRACHAR model in the reproductive health and family planning programs in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. …

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