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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household surevy

    Objectives: To determine the prevalence of HIV infection, HIV risk factors, and exposure to national HIV prevention programs, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection among South African youth, aged 15–24 years. Design: A cross-sectional, nationally representative, household survey. Methods: From March to August 2003 we conducted a national survey of HIV prevalence and sexual behavior among 11 904 15–24 year olds. Multivariable models for HIV infection were restricted to sexually experienced youth. …

  2. Young people's perspectives on the adoption of preventive measures for HIV/AIDS, malaria and family planning in South-West Uganda: focus group study

    The aim of the study was to explore young people's understanding and knowledge about why protective measures against HIV/AIDS, malaria and unplanned pregnancy are not taken by those at risk in Uganda. The study results were that the participants (all from secondary school in Kanungu Uganda) could identify reasons why preventive action was not taken. These reasons included misconceptions, the inpracticability of abstinence, and fear of side effects of several key interventions. The article argues that there is an apportunity to improve preventive measures by tackling these issues. …

  3. Addressing sexual violence and HIV risk among married adolescent girls in rural Nyanza, Kenya

    HIV infection is much higher among adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa than among boys. In settings such as Nyanza Province, Kenya, rates of HIV infection are extremely high, and evidence is increasing in some settings that girls who are married are much more likely to be infected with HIV, compared with their unmarried sexually active counterparts. This brief describes a program addressing the problem of sexual violence and the risk of HIV transmission within marriage in Kenya's Nyanza Province. …

  4. HIV/AIDS knowledge and behaviour: have information campaigns reduced HIV infection? The case of Kenya

    AIDS continues to have a devastating effect on developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The lack of a proven effective vaccine to stop HIV transmission has led to much of public policy putting an emphasis on information campaigns in order to reduce HIV-prevalence. In this paper we examine the impact of HIV/AIDS-knowledge from two sides. First, we examine to what extent the campaigns have been successful at inducing the expected behavioural change with regards to HIV-related attitudes. Second, we examine the impact of HIV/AIDS knowledge on HIV status. …

  5. Children's access to information on behaviour change, sexuality and reproductive rights: a myth or reality

    The overall objective of this baseline survey was to help determine access to information on 1) HIV and AIDS prevention; 2) sexuality and 3) reproductive rights for in-school childre. The specific objectives were to: document existing behaviour change communication (BCC) materials and programs for children; document the BCC methods to children including the packaging of information and dissemination; establish the relevance of BCC materials to children; compile empirical evidence on the impact of BCC materials on children in Swaziland.

  6. Approaches to gender and sexuality: responding to HIV. Report of the findings of a survey amongst Alliance linking organisations

    Gender and sexuality have long been recognised as key factors affecting the dynamics of the HIV epidemic. Issues vary across communities and countries, but power imbalances, harmful social norms, violence and marginalisation affect women, men, girls, boys and transgender people across the world, limiting their ability to prevent HIV infection. There are a growing number of HIV and broader health initiatives that not only highlight gender issues, but also aim to change harmful norms and practices. These are called "gender-transformative" approaches. …

  7. Liberia National Education Sector HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan - Five year Program of work 2010-2014

    This HIV & AIDS strategic plan of the Education sector, which is aligned with the National Strategic Framework (NSF 2009-2013), will provide broader strategies from which every education stakeholder will derive their annual work plan for HIV and AIDS interventions within the sector. This sector strategy is intended to delineate the rights and responsibilities of every stakeholder involved, directly and indirectly, in the education sector with regard to HIV & AIDS: the learners, their parents and caregivers, educators, managers, administrators, support staff and civil society.

  8. Metodologia de educação entre pares

    O propósito da série Adolescentes e Jovens para a Educação entre Pares, do Projeto Saúde e Prevenção nas Escolas (SPE), propósito não é ser apenas mais um conjunto de fascículos, e sim trazer provocações e aprofundar o conhecimento que os(as) adolescentes e jovens têm a respeito de temas presentes em toda a sociedade, e que, muitas vezes, são tratados de maneira equivocada ou com preconceitos. …

  9. Paper on the impact of HIV/AIDS on public sector human resources in Africa

    The public service is the biggest single employee in most of the African countries. In South Africa the public service is the single biggest employer, employing 1.037 million public servants in approximately 140 government departments at national and provincial level. The majority of departments and public servants (70%) are at provincial level and deal with service delivery at grass roots level. It follows that a very high number of the country's population are also dependants of public servants. …

  10. National Behaviour Change Interventions Strategy for HIV/AIDS and Sexual Reproductive Health

    This document is prepared as a national guideline for planning behaviour change interventions and activities on HIV/AIDS and Sexual Reproductive Health [SRH] for the period 2001-2004. The National BCI Strategy is a planning tool, to guide ministries, district planners, NGOs, CBOs, DACCs, learning institutions, faith institutions and employers on effective HIV/AIDS and SRH behaviour change programs. The strategy is also intended to guide donors on areas of support and interventions that require national resources. The BCI Strategy has identified six key social groups for BC interventions. …

  11. National HIV/AIDS communication strategy 2005

    The mission of the National AIDS Council (NAC) is to coordinate all HIV/AIDS activities in Zambia. Its mission is to provide national leadership for a co-ordinated multisectoral fight against HIV/AIDS. The need for effective communication cuts across all the objectives in the National Intervention Strategic Plan 2002-2005, NAISP. This communication strategy gives guidance to all stakeholders who wish to carry out communication activities in the area of HIV/AIDS. A key problem in the response to HIV/AIDS to date has been the lack of appropriate information available to the public. …

  12. Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du formateur

    Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du formateur est un document produit par le Secrétariat exécutif permanent du Conseil national de lutte contre le SIDA de la République du Congo. Ce guide a pour but de favoriser les discussions communautaires en amenant les gens à prendre en compte les répercussions liées à la situation donnée. …

  13. Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du facilitateur

    Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du facilitateur est un document produit par le Secrétariat exécutif permanent du Conseil national de lutte contre le SIDA de la République du Congo. Ce guide du facilitateur a été produit pour répondre au besoin croissant d'outils permettant de développer des actions de mobilisation communautaire en matière de VIH/SIDA. Ce guide est conçu comme un outil d'orientation pour la préparation, la facilitation et le suivi des conversations communautaires. …

  14. International technical guidance on sexuality education: an evidence-informed approach for schools, teachers and health educators

    Based on a rigorous and current review of evidence on sexuality education programmes, this International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education is aimed at education and health sector decision-makers and professionals. It has been produced to assist education, health and other relevant authorities in the development and implementation of school-based sexuality education programmes and materials. Volume I focuses on the rationale for sexuality education and provides sound technical advice on characteristics of effective programmes. …

  15. Baseline survey for BCC strategy for HIV and AIDS prevention among youth people aged 10-30 years in Swaziland

    In line with the National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS, the country has adopted a multi sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS which puts emphasis on behaviour change communication, anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and support for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). …

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