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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. "The nail that sticks out gets hammered down": LGBT bullying and exclusion in Japanese schools

    Based on interviews with more than 50 LGBT students and former students in fourteen prefectures throughout Japan—as well as teachers, officials, and academic experts—this report documents bullying, harassment, and discrimination in Japanese schools based on sexual orientation and gender identity or expression, and the poor record of schools when it comes to appropriately responding to and preventing such incidents.

  2. Frequently asked questions about HIV and AIDS

    This booklet contains a list of frequently asked questions, and answers, about HIV and AIDS.

  3. UNAIDS terminology guidelines

    Language shapes beliefs and may influence behaviours. Considered use of appropriate language has the power to strengthen the global response to the AIDS epidemic. That is why the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) is pleased to make these guidelines to Preferred terminology freely available for use by staff members, colleagues in the Programme’s 11 Cosponsoring organizations and other partners working in the global response to HIV. These guidelines are a living, evolving document that is reviewed on a regular basis. …

  4. HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility among Africa’s youth: Insights from a multi-country study

    Africa’s young people aged 15–24 are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. The impact of the epidemic on young people calls for close attention to the youth dimensions of the epidemic. To inform the development of more effective policies for targeting youth and meeting their needs, the Population Council and partners conducted a study of HIV risk-taking and health-seeking behaviors among young people in Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda. …

  5. Plan multisectorial de prevención de las ITS-VIH/sida: verano 2014

    El Ministerio de Salud Pública a partir del mes de junio y hasta el 15 de septiembre desarrolla un plan de actividades para el verano, donde se refuerzan las medidas de control de enfermedades y riesgos para la salud de la población. …

  6. Diversidad sexual: Conceptos para pensar y trabajar en salud

    Diversidad sexual: Conceptos para pensar y trabajar en salud es un material elaborado como apoyo bibliográfico a las capacitaciones sobre sexualidad a cargo de Ricardo Duranti en el marco del proyecto para mejorar la accesibilidad a la prevención, diagnóstico y atención del VIH e ITS de población homosexual, bisexual y trans. El proyecto es coordinado por la Dirección de Sida y Enfermedades de Transmisión Sexual y cuenta con el apoyo técnico-financiero de ONUSIDA, PNUD, UNFPA y OPS.

  7. Life Doesn’t Wait. Romania’s Failure to Protect and Support Children and Youth Living with HIV

    More than 7,200 Romanian children and youth age fifteen to nineteen are living with HIV—the largest such group in any European country. The vast majority were infected with HIV between 1986 and 1991 as a direct result of government policies that exposed them to contaminated needles and “microtransfusions” of unscreened blood. Despite Romania’s progressive expansion of access to antiretroviral drugs, these children and youth face pervasive stigma and discrimination that often impedes their enjoyment of basic rights and services. …

  8. Reproductive rights: a tool for monitoring state obligations

    This Monitoring Tool provides a means for human rights experts responsible for overseeing compliance with international legal standards on human rights to monitor the implementation of specific State obligations in the field of reproductive rights. The tool outlines State obligations under international and regional human rights law on a range of reproductive rights issues–freedom from discrimination, contraceptive information and services, safe pregnancy and childbirth, abortion and post-abortion care, comprehensive sexuality education, freedom from violence against women, and HIV/AIDS. …

  9. L'homophobie, savoir et réagir : brochure à destination des équipes éducatives et de tous les professionnels travaillant auprès des jeunes

    Informations, conseils et réflexions autour de l'homophobie : une brochure, « L'homophobie : savoir et réagir », fait le point, pour que les équipes éducatives puissent mieux aider les élèves confrontés à des attitudes homophobes. Elle propose des ressources, des outils et des références juridiques.

  10. Reporting from within. HIV and AIDS in the South Caucasus: a manual for journalists

    In Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia a general lack of HIV and AIDS coverage currently exists while HIV rates are rising throughout the broader region. What's more, the very complicated issues associated to HIV and AIDS have by some accounts created a greater need for specialist health reporters. The combination of these dilemmas in the South Caucasus requires an increase of coverage with a more thoughtful approach to reporting. …

  11. UNAIDS terminology guidelines

    These guidelines to UNAIDS' preferred terminology have been developed for use by staff members, colleagues in the Programme's 10 Cosponsoring organizations, and other partners working in the global response to HIV. Language shapes beliefs and may influence behaviours. Considered use of appropriate language has the power to strengthen the global response to the epidemic. UNAIDS is pleased to make these guidelines to preferred terminology freely available. It is a living, evolving document that is reviewed on a regular basis.

  12. Understanding Women's HIV Risk Perception in Postsocialist Georgia: Role of Knowledge, Behavioral, and Contextual Factors

    This dissertation explores the influences of HIV knowledge, health behaviors, and context-specific socioeconomic and sociocultural factors on HIV perceived risk among women in the Republic of Georgia. For effective HIV/AIDS prevention, individuals who perceive themselves at some risk of contracting HIV are more likely to reduce risk behaviors. Theories of health behavior incorporate perceived risk as an important component of HIV prevention, but they fail to incorporate factors influencing that risk perception. …

  13. Práticas educativas e prevenção de HIV/Aids: lições aprendidas e desafios atuais

    A prevenção tem sido uma questão crucial para os programas de controle da Aids. Os enormes progressos doá conhecimento e da técnica nesse campo não chegaram a alterar substantivamente os determinantes fundamentais da infecção e adoecimento de significativos contingentes populacionais. Neste ensaio busca-se sistematizar as lições que aprendemos no campo da prevenção nessas duas décadas de epidemia, tomando como base, em especial, a experiência brasileira. …

  14. Diretrizes para o fortalecimento das ações de adesao ao tratamento para pessoas que vivem com HIV e aids

    O Ministério da Saúde, por meio do Programa Nacional de DST e Aids, apresenta às organizações governamentais e da sociedade civil, que desenvolvem ações em HIV e Aids, as Diretrizes Nacionais para Fortalecer as Ações de Adesão para as pessoas que vivem com HIV ou aids (PVHA). Essas diretrizes têm a intenção de afirmar a importância da adesão ao tratamento, compreendida na sua maior amplitude conceitual, e recomendar ações que proporcionem melhoria na qualidade de vida de quem vive com HIV ou aids. …

  15. Manual para la sensibilización contra la estigmatización y la discriminación asociados al VIH/SIDA

    Este documento es producto del esfuerzo conjunto del Equipo de Coordinación del Programa de VIH/SIDA de CRG, y especialmente del personal del Proyecto "Prevención de VIH/SIDA en Centros de Educación Secundaria del Departamento de Izabal". El proceso inició en octubre del 2003, con la visita a más de 20 organizaciones nacionales e internacionales de trabajo en prevención, atención y control en VIH/SIDA, con el fin de obtener información sistematizada sobre las acciones que promovieran la erradicación del estigma y la discriminación. …

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