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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. "The nail that sticks out gets hammered down": LGBT bullying and exclusion in Japanese schools

    Based on interviews with more than 50 LGBT students and former students in fourteen prefectures throughout Japan—as well as teachers, officials, and academic experts—this report documents bullying, harassment, and discrimination in Japanese schools based on sexual orientation and gender identity or expression, and the poor record of schools when it comes to appropriately responding to and preventing such incidents.

  2. HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility among Africa’s youth: Insights from a multi-country study

    Africa’s young people aged 15–24 are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. The impact of the epidemic on young people calls for close attention to the youth dimensions of the epidemic. To inform the development of more effective policies for targeting youth and meeting their needs, the Population Council and partners conducted a study of HIV risk-taking and health-seeking behaviors among young people in Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda. …

  3. Life Doesn’t Wait. Romania’s Failure to Protect and Support Children and Youth Living with HIV

    More than 7,200 Romanian children and youth age fifteen to nineteen are living with HIV—the largest such group in any European country. The vast majority were infected with HIV between 1986 and 1991 as a direct result of government policies that exposed them to contaminated needles and “microtransfusions” of unscreened blood. Despite Romania’s progressive expansion of access to antiretroviral drugs, these children and youth face pervasive stigma and discrimination that often impedes their enjoyment of basic rights and services. …

  4. Reproductive rights: a tool for monitoring state obligations

    This Monitoring Tool provides a means for human rights experts responsible for overseeing compliance with international legal standards on human rights to monitor the implementation of specific State obligations in the field of reproductive rights. The tool outlines State obligations under international and regional human rights law on a range of reproductive rights issues–freedom from discrimination, contraceptive information and services, safe pregnancy and childbirth, abortion and post-abortion care, comprehensive sexuality education, freedom from violence against women, and HIV/AIDS. …

  5. Understanding Women's HIV Risk Perception in Postsocialist Georgia: Role of Knowledge, Behavioral, and Contextual Factors

    This dissertation explores the influences of HIV knowledge, health behaviors, and context-specific socioeconomic and sociocultural factors on HIV perceived risk among women in the Republic of Georgia. For effective HIV/AIDS prevention, individuals who perceive themselves at some risk of contracting HIV are more likely to reduce risk behaviors. Theories of health behavior incorporate perceived risk as an important component of HIV prevention, but they fail to incorporate factors influencing that risk perception. …

  6. Global Consultation on Strengthening the Health Sector Response to Care, Support, Treatment and Prevention for Young People Living with HIV

    The overarching objective of the consultation was to review and synthesize the experiences of young people living with HIV and health workers responsible for providing services for them, including the identification of gaps and obstacles in the provision and use of services, in order to offer practical recommendations on how to improve the health sector response. …

  7. Sexual risk among orphaned adolescents: is country-level HIV prevalence an important factor?

    Previous studies from sub-Saharan Africa have found that orphans experience increased sexual risk compared to non-orphans. This article developed a theoretical framework for the investigation of determinants of HIV risk and used it to generate specific hypotheses regarding the effect of country-level HIV prevalence on the sexual risk experience of orphans. It expected that countries with high HIV prevalence would experience a higher prevalence of orphanhood. …

  8. Vulnerability assessment of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Lithuania

    The report is a part of series of comprehensive qualitative studies conducted by the UNDP Regional Centre for Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in selected countries. The overarching aim of this research is to identify existing barriers to the full integration of PLHIV in each of these Eastern European or CIS societies. The studies focus primarily on access to health care, education and employment. …

  9. The Global Fund's strategy for ensuring gender equality in the response to HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

    Le présent document présente la stratégie du Fonds mondial visant à garantir l'égalité des genres dans le cadre de la réaction au VIH/sida, à la tuberculose et au paludisme. Il met en évidence la manière dont les inégalités entre les hommes et les femmes entretiennent la propagation de la maladie et affectent la capacité des femmes et des jeunes filles, mais aussi des hommes et des garçons, à accéder équitablement aux services de soins et aux autres services. …

  10. EDUCAIDS evaluation, 2009: key findings, recommendations and UNESCO's actions

    In 2008, UNESCO commissioned an independent evaluation of the implementation of EDUCAIDS, the UNAIDS Global Initiative on Education and HIV & AIDS (led by UNESCO) that seeks to prevent the spread of HIV through education and to protect the core functions of the education system from the worst effects of the epidemic. The evaluation was conducted by an external consultant and completed in 2009. …

  11. Me, You and AIDS: a product of a UNESCO/DANIDA workshop for the preparation of post-literacy materials and radio programmes for women and girls in Africa (Kenya)

    Me, You and AIDS is one of an ever-growing series of learning materials produced under a UNESCO-DANIDA workshop for the preparation of post-literacy materials and radio programmes for women and girls in Africa, in 2000. Written by Africans for Africans, this booklet aims to produce gender-sensitive material in the context of the DANIDA-UNESCO Special Project for Education of Girls and Women in Africa. There is an effort to respond to urgent issues and problem facing African women and men today. …

  12. Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine

    Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine is a document developed by EngenderHealth with the support of UNFPA. This research identified some interesting trends across the three countries and some issues unique to each setting that need to be considered in strategic planning efforts to improve HIV-positive women's and adolescent girl's access and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services. …

  13. Passion for Rights. Ten years of fighting for sexual and reproductive health

    Passion for Rights. Ten years of fighting for sexual and reproductive health is the second in a series of publications presented by the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU) in 2004, in conjunction with the 10th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1994. This book consists of a collection of articles about the ICPD and sexual and reproductive health and rights. It mixes reflections and accounts of personal experiences with political analyses of the debate surrounding sexual and reproductive health and rights. …

  14. JAWS - HIV/AIDS Readers Teacher's Guide

    The HIV/AIDS Teacher's Guide is a companion document to the Junior African Writers HIV/AIDS Series (JAWS), a series of 24 story and information books (available for purchase) geared for children ages 5 to 18, and provides an illustrated educational resource to teach children in Africa about HIV/AIDS and related issues. This Teacher's guide is designed to give teachers with extra information on topics related to HIV and AIDS so they can speak with confidence in their classroom. …

  15. Baseline survey for BCC strategy for HIV and AIDS prevention among youth people aged 10-30 years in Swaziland

    In line with the National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS, the country has adopted a multi sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS which puts emphasis on behaviour change communication, anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and support for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). …

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