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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Global, regional, and subregional trends in unintended pregnancy and its outcomes from 1990 to 2014: estimates from a Bayesian hierarchical model

    Estimates of pregnancy incidence by intention status and outcome indicate how effectively women and couples are able to fulfil their childbearing aspirations, and can be used to monitor the impact of family-planning programmes. We estimate global, regional, and subregional pregnancy rates by intention status and outcome for 1990–2014.

  2. Improving sexual and reproductive health of young people: a strategic planning guide

    This document is intended to lead program managers, planners, and decision-makers through a strategic process to identify the most effective and efficient investments for improving the sexual and reproductive health of young people. It was developed as part of a review and technical consultation on adolescent sexual and reproductive health and reflects the deliberation of experts.

  3. Building the assets to thrive: Addressing the HIV-related vulnerabilities of adolescent girls in Ethiopia

    Reaching vulnerable adolescent girls with information and connecting them to services are not straightforward tasks. Poor girls in Ethiopia have few opportunities to access public institutions such as youth or community centers, health services, financial institutions, and schools. They may not know that they have a right to these services, and service delivery staff might not welcome them. …

  4. Addressing sexual health and HIV in school. Four initiatives from sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America

    This publication describes three German-supported initiatives in Africa (specifically in Guinea, Mozambique and Tanzania) and one in Latin America (a six-country regional initiative). All integrate sexual health and HIV prevention within school systems. The three African initiatives operate within generalized epidemics driven largely by unprotected sex between men and women. In Latin America general prevalence in the countries described here is well below one percent, and much less among young people. …

  5. What they really want to know. Developing booklets for young people on growing up and sexuality

    A large proportion of young people worldwide are sexually active, and this exposes them to the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and to the risk of unintended pregnancies. In 2008, 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 gave birth and approximately 40% of these pregnancies were unintended. Young people between the ages of 15 and 24 years account for more than one third of all new HIV infections, with some 3,000 young people becoming infected with HIV each day. …

  6. Reproductive rights: a tool for monitoring state obligations

    This Monitoring Tool provides a means for human rights experts responsible for overseeing compliance with international legal standards on human rights to monitor the implementation of specific State obligations in the field of reproductive rights. The tool outlines State obligations under international and regional human rights law on a range of reproductive rights issues–freedom from discrimination, contraceptive information and services, safe pregnancy and childbirth, abortion and post-abortion care, comprehensive sexuality education, freedom from violence against women, and HIV/AIDS. …

  7. Expanding access to comprehensive reproductive health and HIV information and services for married adolescent girls in Nyanza Province

    Nyanza Province has been a focus of heightened attention in Kenya since the advent of the country’s HIV epidemic. …

  8. Assessing young unmarried men's access to reproductive health information and services in rural India

    The authors conducted a cross-sectional study using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Participants included 38 unmarried rural men in four focus-group discussions and a representative sample of 316 similarly profiled men, ages 17-22 years. Information was collected via survey on the men's socioeconomic characteristics; awareness, knowledge, and perceptions of family planning; attitudes toward future contraceptive use; intra-family communication; knowledge about STIs/HIV/AIDS; and access and use of condoms. …

  9. Sexualidade de mulheres vivendo com HIV/AIDS em São Paulo

    O artigo apresenta um estudo realizado com 1.068 mulheres soropositivas. Os questionários elaborados visavam descrever os aspectos da vida sexual e reprodutiva das entrevistadas, bem como a maneira como elas percebiem o aconselhamento nesta área fornecido pelos Centros de Referências. Constatou-se que o conhecimento sobra a transmissão materno-infantil é reduzido, e as entrevistadas também se referiram ao pocuo espaço e acolhimento para discutir sexualidade, emáespecial suas intenções reprodutivas. …

  10. La sexualité et la grossesse de la femme confrontée au VIH/sida

    À partir du constat des bénéfices associés à la thérapie antirétrovirale - amélioration des conditions de vie de personnes séropositives, augmentation de leur espérance de vie, etc. - et du fait que la personne séropositive peut désormais envisager la grossesse, l'article indique la nécessité de la prise en charge de ce souhait de fonder une famille par les équipes soignante, tout en soulignant l'importance de la minimisation maximale du risque de contamination et les avantages de la procréation médicalement assistée.

  11. Aids e gravidez: os sentidos do risco e o desafio do cuidado

    "Aids e gravidez: os sentidos do risco e o desafio do cuidado", a partir de uma estudo qualitativo com depoentes soropositos e seus parceiros, busca compreender como o risco da transmissão vertical do HIV é apreendido e reconstruído pelas pessoas vivendo com HIV/Aids no momento de suas decisões reprodutivas. Dentre os resultados apontados, destaca-se o fato de que as questões reprodutivas não sâo explicitadas no espaço dos serviços de saúde. …

  12. The sexual and reproductive health of young Victorians

    The Sexual and Reproductive Health of Young Victorians is a report resulting from a collaborative project between the Family Planning Victoria, the Royal Women's Hospital and the Centre for Adolescent Health in Victoria, Australia. The goal of the project was to further the community's understanding of young Victorians' sexual and reproductive health - and to propose ways in which it might be improved. …

  13. Sex is politics - Sexuality, Rights and Development Policies

    Sex is Politics - Sexuality, Rights and Development Policies is a document produced by the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU) in 2009 (second edition). It is eight fact sheets with information regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The documents states that SRHR are controversial and are contested by moral conservative, religious, cultural and political forces in many parts of the world. These limitations tend to lead to a lack of information that prevent people making free, informed and reasonable decisions regarding their own sexuality and reproduction.

  14. Respect choice. Safe abortion a prerequisite for safe motherhood

    Respect Choice. Safe Abortion a Prerequisite for Safe Motherhood is the fourth in a series of publications presented by the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU) in 2004, in conjunction with the 10th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1994. This book consists of a collection of articles about the issue of safe abortion. …

  15. The Questions Adolescents Ask Most Frequently About. Vol 1: Growing Up and Their Answers

    The GTZ supported Reproductive Health Project of Tanzania developed youth-friendly education materials, with basic facts about human physiology and reproduction, sexuality, prevention of unwanted pregnancies and HIV/STIs, as well as about partnership and communication between partners. Based on the most frequently asked questions adolescents had on a range of sexual and reproductive health issues, a multidisciplinary team of specialists together with young people de-veloped six "question-and-answer" booklets. …

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