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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Parent-child communication about sexual and reproductive health in rural Tanzania: Implications for young people's sexual health interventions

    Background: Many programmes on young people and HIV/AIDS prevention have focused on the in-school and channeled sexual and reproductive health messages through schools with limited activities for the young people's families. The assumption has been that parents in African families do not talk about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) with their children. These approach has had limited success because of failure to factor in the young person's family context, and the influence of parents. …

  2. Gender, peer and partner influences on adolescent HIV risk in rural South Africa

    In preparation for a school-based intervention in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, the authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of potential HIV risk factors in youth ages 14–17 (n=983). Boys were significantly more likely than girls to report lifetime sexual activity (37.7% v. 13.8%, P<0.01). Among boys and girls, 46.1% reported condom use at last sex. Discussion of condom use with a partner was the strongest predictor of condom use (boys, odds ratio (OR)=7.39; girls, OR=5.58, P<0.0001). …

  3. Sociodemographic variations in communication on sexuality and HIV/AIDS with parents, family members and teachers among in-school adolescents: a multi-site study in Tanzania and South Africa

    This paper aims to identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. The mean ages were as follows: CapeTown, 13.38 years (standard deviation (SD). …

  4. Executive Summary: Sexual risk and protective factors. Factors affecting teen sexual behavior, pregnancy, childbearing and sexually transmitted disease: What are important? Which can you change?

    Executive Summary: Sexual Risk and Protective Factors. Factors Affecting Teen Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, Childbearing And Sexually Transmitted Disease: What Are Important? Which Can You Change? is a document part of the project of the United States National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. It addresses two main primary questions: 1) what factors influence adolescents' decisions about sex? And 2) Which of these factors can be altered? By identifying and targeting those factors it tries to provide information to reduce sexual risk-taking.

  5. Parents' approaches to educating their pre-adolescent and adolescent children about sexuality

    The report revealed that younger children often approached parents with questions but that parents were reluctant to discuss sexual matters with them for fear of compromising their innocence. According to the report, while parents didn't always respond fully to questions from their younger children, they reported attempting to raise sexual issues with their teenage children. However, such attempts were often blocked by the young people, who were reluctant to talk about the topic. …

  6. South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2008. A turning tide among teenagers

    South Africa's first national, household sero-prevalence survey of HIV and AIDS was conducted in 2002. A second survey was completed in 2005 and this, the third, in 2008. This report provides an analysis of trends across the three surveys and begins to map the ways in which the shape of the pandemic in South Africa has changed since 2002. Indicators for assessing mid-term progress made in implementing South Africa's National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS, 2007-2011 are also provided. …

  7. SIDA

    Ce document est un dossier spécial sur la propagation du sida au Soudan et dans le continent africain en général. Il est publié par le Centre Soudanais d'Information attaché au Ministère de l'information et des communications soudanais à l'occasion de la conférence des femmes qui a eut lieu à Khartoum en janvier 2006. Cette étude porte sur l'apparition de la maladie, sa nature, ses caractéristiques et son évolution ainsi que sur les raisons de sa propagation dans le monde, au Soudan et en Afrique en particulier. …

  8. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Cambodia

    The case study describes the demographic characteristics of Cambodia's adolescent population; documents their programmes in responding to problems associated with adolescent reproductive health; highlights the advocacy and IEC strategies used to promote the ARH messages; culls out the lessons learned, analyzing the factors which contributed to their successes and failures; and finally based on these experiences, presents guidelines on how to run advocacy and IEC programmes on adolescent reproductive health successfully.

  9. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Thailand

    The booklet presents the experiences of Thailand in planning and implementing the advocacy and IEC strategies for promoting adolescent reproductive and sexual health programmes. …

  10. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Malaysia

    The booklet presents the experiences of Malaysia in planning and implementing the advocacy and IEC strategies for promoting adolescent reproductive and sexual health programmes. …

  11. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Bangladesh

    he booklet presents the experiences of Bangladesh in planning and implementing the advocacy and IEC strategies for promoting adolescent reproductive and sexual health programmes. …

  12. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Islamic Republic of Iran

    The booklet presents the experiences of Iran in planning and implementing the advocacy and IEC strategies for promoting adolescent reproductive and sexual health programmes. …

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