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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexual reproductive health and rights for adolescents in Sub Saharan Africa. Youth fact sheet

    This fact sheet was drawn up following the World YWCA Training Institute in Arusha, Tanzania in March 2014 in partnership with ARROW. The World YWCA is part of the global ARROW project The Global South, which aims to give southern civil society the means and avenue of articulating a regional Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) agenda and distilling regional agendas into a global SRHR agenda. …

  2. Status report on the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents living in urban slums in Kenya

    Young people face numerous health challenges during their transition to adulthood. These challenges include, among others, limited access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services. Unmet SRH needs among adolescents may contribute to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and unintended pregnancies. Adolescent pregnancies are associated with several adverse outcomes, such as miscarriage, unsafe abortion, obstructed labor, and other complications, which can result in long-term morbidity and even death. …

  3. West African youth initiative: Outcome of a reproductive health education program

    Purpose: To describe the implementation and evaluation of an adolescent reproductive health peer education program in West Africa. The program, known as the West African Youth Initiative (WAYI), was developed to improve knowledge of sexuality and reproductive health, and promote safer sex behaviors and contraceptive use among sexually active adolescents in Nigeria and Ghana. …

  4. A review of teenage pregnancy in South Africa – experiences of schooling, and knowledge and access to sexual and reproductive health services

    Approximately 30% of teenagers in South Africa report ‘ever having been pregnant’, the majority, unplanned. While this number has decreased over the past few decades, it is still unacceptably high. The figure is for all teenagers. (13-19 years old), but motherhood for an 18 or 19 year old has very different implications than for a young teenager, one aged 15, for example. Therefore this report tries, where possible, to be mindful of differing experiences of pregnancy and motherhood across the teen years. …

  5. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health programs in humanitarian settings: an in-depth look at family planning services

    This report summarizes findings and recommendations of a year-long exercise undertaken by the Women’s Refugee Commission and Save the Children - in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) to map existing adolescent sexual and reproductive health programs and document good practices. The work was accomplished through a practitioner survey and humanitarian funding analyses; key informant interviews; and collection of good practice case studies.

  6. The sexual behaviour of adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: patterns and trends from national surveys

    Objectives: To describe the sexual and reproductive behaviour of adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly 15- to 19-year-olds. Methods: Using DHS/AIS data (2000–2010), nine indicators of adolescent behaviour and one of adult attitudes towards condom education for adolescents were described for 24 countries. Indicators were disaggregated by gender, urban/rural residency and educational status, and time trends were described. Results: Up to 25% of 15- to 19-year-olds reported sex before age 15; this proportion shrank over time in many countries. …

  7. Reproductive health communication strategy implementation guide for family planning, adolescent and youth sexuality reproductive health rights, and maternal, neonatal, and child health 2010-2012

    Family planning (FP), maternal, and child health (MNH), and sexual and reproductive health for adolescents and youth are fundamental elements of the RH Communication Strategy for Kenya (2010-2012). These are key areas to address for Kenya to make progress on Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Vision 2030. Recently, the Government of Kenya (GOK) and donors agreed to bolster RH/FP programs and services to ensure the country meets the goals ahead, including the 2015 target set by the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation of increasing contraceptive prevalence from 46% to 56%. …

  8. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Malawi: a synthesis of research evidence

    The primary goal of this report is to summarize what is known about adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Malawi and to identify knowledge and program gaps requiring further research and program action. …

  9. Manual de Formação de Facilitadores. Educação e Aconselhamento em Sexualidade, Saúde e Direitos Reprodutivos de Adolescentes e Jovens

    Elaborado pelo Instituto Nacional para o Desenvolvimento da Educação, o presente Manual oferece marcos norteadores na abordagem das temáticas da sexualidade e saúde direcionada a jovens e adolescentes. Conceitos centrais, tais como saúde sexual, direitos reprodutivos, puberdade, métodos contraceptivos, gravidez na adolescência, aborto, planejamento familiar são abordados. Um destaque particular também é feito em relação às questões de Gênero e à prevenção de DTS/HIV/SIDA.

  10. Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

    Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights is a short informational brief focusing on young adolescents across the world and their needs to know about their bodies and their sexual rights and responsibilities. It aims to inform policymaking on the importance to include 10-14 years old adolescents in programs and policy regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights. The document states that all young people need information and skills to protect themselves from harm and to make free, informed, and responsible sexual and reproductive decisions. …

  11. Family life and HIV/AIDS education (FLHE) in schools in Enugu State: Baseline study of reproductive health issues among in-school adolescents in Enugu State

    Family Life and HIV/AIDS Education (FLHE) in Schools in Enugu State: Baseline Study of Reproductive Health Issues among In-School Adolescents in Enugu State is a research article written in 2009. It refers to a studies made on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) knowledge and practices among junior secondary school grades 1 and 3 students Enugu State, preparatory to incorporating family life and HIV/AIDS education (FLHE) into the school curricula in the state. Results show that over 90% of the respondents were regularly involved in sexual activities. …

  12. Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviour in Dodowa, Ghana

    This report presents findings from a study of sexual and reproductive health status of inschool and out-of-school adolescents in Dodowa, Ghana, carried out in 2001. The research aim was to help design a program to address adolescents' unmet needs and promote safer behaviours. The research design used both qualitative and quantitative methods, including focus group discussions, PLA techniques and surveys. Students of Junior and Senior Secondary Schools, out-of-school adolescents, teachers, parents and community opinion leaders were included in the study.

  13. Turning research into practice: suggested actions from case-studies of sexual and reproductive health research

    This document is the outcome of two meetings. The first meeting reviewed case-studies and other evidence related to research utilization from the standpoint of researchers and donors, while the second meeting reviewed additional materials from the standpoint of policy-makers and sexual and reproductive health programme managers. …

  14. Les questions posées le plus souvent par les adolescents sur les relations saines et leurs réponses. Vol. 4.

    Le Programme Santé et Lutte contre le Sida de la GTZ a élaboré avec des adolescents un ensemble de 5 livrets abordant l'adolescence, les relations hommes-femmes, les rapports sexuels, les relations saines, le VIH et sida et la nouvelle génération. Il s'agit d'une adaptation aux besoins et aux réalités de la Guinée d'une précédente collection de livrets produite pour la Tanzanie. Ce quatrième livret est consacré aux questions liées aux rapports sexuels (les méthodes de contraceptions, la grossesse, les infections sexuellement transmissibles.). …

  15. Associations between premarital sex and leaving school in four Sub-Saharan African countries

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in Family Planning", special issue on "Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Sub-Saharan Africa", published in December 2008. As formal schooling spreads within sub-Saharan Africa, a growing proportion of adolescents remain enrolled in school when they "come of age". As a consequence more and more adolescents have to negotiate sexual maturation and sexual initiation in a different context than from that of counterparts in prior generations. …

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