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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Challenges to implementing national comprehensive sexuality education curricula in low- and middle-income countries: case studies of Ghana, Kenya, Peru and Guatemala

    School-based comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) can help adolescents achieve their full potential and realize their sexual and reproductive health and rights. This is particularly pressing in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where high rates of unintended pregnancy and STIs among adolescents can limit countries’ ability to capitalize on the demographic dividend. While many LMICs have developed CSE curricula, their full implementation is often hindered by challenges around program planning and roll-out at the national and local level. …

  2. Short-term effects of a rights-based sexuality education curriculum for high-school students: a cluster-randomized trial

    An emerging model for sexuality education is the rights-based approach, which unifies discussions of sexuality, gender norms, and sexual rights to promote the healthy sexual development of adolescents. A rigorous evaluation of a rights-based intervention for a broad population of adolescents in the U.S. has not previously been published. This paper evaluates the immediate effects of the Sexuality Education Initiative (SEI) on hypothesized psychosocial determinants of sexual behavior.

  3. Sexuality education in technical and vocational institutions in Guyana: possibilities and challenges

    This paper reports on the results of an exploratory evaluation of a sexuality education program that was introduced in technical and vocational institutions in Guyana. The rationale for the program is outlined, along with the methodology employed in the evaluation of the program, including the analysis of data from document reviews, telephone and face-to-face interviews, and surveys of facilitators and students’ perceptions of the program. …

  4. Desarrollo personal y educación sexual en el currículo nacional: escolares, jóvenes y adultos opinan

    Resultados de la encuesta nacional "Evaluación sobre la Educación Sexual" aplicada a población general y a estudiantes de secundaria.

  5. Guía del educador para trabajar con jóvenes: educación integral en sexualidad

    Esta guía pretende apoyar a los docentes y a las docentes en la tarea de llevar al aula la Educación Integral en Sexualidad y conducir a la juventud en la elaboración de su Plan de Vida a través del rigor científico, la confianza y la creatividad. El manual, se compone de ocho capítulos. Los seis primeros son teóricos, el séptimo plantea las situaciones de aprendizaje a través de las que trabajar cada capítulo del comic ¿Por qué somos como somos? …

  6. Actualización curricular de la educación integral de la sexualidad en el sistema educativo de El Salvador, con enfoques de género y derechos humanos: tercer ciclo de educación básica

    El presente documento contiene la incorporación de los elementos fundamentales de la Educación Integral de la Sexualidad en el tercer ciclo de educación básica del currículo nacional. Su propósito es enriquecer la currícula nacional, para que se le brinde al estudiantado una educación holística con enfoque de derechos humanos, inclusión, diversidad y de género, a fin de que la niñez, adolescencia y juventud tengan las mismas oportunidades de desarrollo. Su intención es no recargar al personal docente sino proporcionarle nuevos enfoque para actualizar la currícula.

  7. Developing guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education

    Educators, service providers, and health professionals worldwide are advocating that young people receive comprehensive sexuality education to help them become sexually healthy adults and to help them practice safer sexual behaviors, delay the onset of sexual intercourse, and reduce unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates. Though there is often consensus that young people should receive such education, few actually do. This is primarily due to a lack of understanding and consensus about sexuality education goals, components, and standards. …

  8. Orientaciones pedagógicas para la prevención del consumo de drogas en población escolar del nivel de educación secundaria. Módulos I - VI

    El problema del consumo de drogas es una realidad que atenta contra la salud, la integración de las familias, incita a la delincuencia, la violencia y pone en peligro el sano desarrollo social. La población escolar no es ajena a estas amenazas y, por ello, se requiere de múltiples y coordinadas respuestas para enfrentarlas. …

  9. Integrating reproductive health into youth development programs toolkit

    This toolkit was developed by the International Youth Foundation in order to provide resources for program managers, educators, youth leaders and advocates to incorporate Reproductive Health into programs targeting youth. The toolkit includes a framework, curricula and practical strategies for integrating reproductive health into youth development programming.

  10. Comprehensive sexuality education: the challenges and opportunities of scaling-up

    This publication is part of an ongoing programme of work initiated by UNESCO in 2008 to provide technical guidance and implementation support for sexuality education programmes, as a platform for HIV prevention, treatment and care. It emphasizes the challenges and opportunities for scaling up comprehensive sexuality education in school settings. Building on indepth interviews with key informants involved in past and ongoing work on sexuality education, this publication provides conceptual and practical guidance on definitions and strategies for scaling-up. …

  11. Addressing cross-generational sex: A desk review of research and programs

    Current interest in cross-generational sex is largely due to the feminization of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Young women 15-24 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa are three times more likely to be infected with HIV than young men of the same age, four times more likely in Zambia, and a staggering five times more likely in Zimbabwe. But, in fact, ministries of education and others have had curricula and materials addressing the “sugar daddy” phenomenon for many years. …

  12. Community-level successes and challenges to implementing adolescent sex education programs

    Best practices for adolescent sex education recommend science-based approaches. However, little is known about the capacity and needs of organizations who implement sex education programs on the local level. The purpose of this research was to describe successes and challenges of community organizations in implementing science-based sex education. Using qualitative methods, we interviewed program directors and educators in 17 state funded adolescent pregnancy prevention/sex education programs as part of a larger mixed methods evaluation. …

  13. Becoming a responsible teen adaptation kit. Tools and resources for making informed adaptations to BART: Becoming a responsible teen

    Although the primary goal of Becoming a Responsible Teen (BART) is to decrease HIV infection among African-American adolescents ages 14 to 18, the curriculum also includes topics and activities relevant to teen pregnancy prevention. Teens learn to clarify their own values about sexual decisions and pressures, as well as practice skills to reduce sexual risk taking. These skills include correct condom use, assertive communication, refusal techniques, self-management and problem solving. Abstinence is woven throughout the curriculum and is discussed as the best way to prevent HIV and pregnancy. …

  14. Health and Family Life Education (HFLE) Resource Guide for Teachers. Lower Division. Empowering Children and Adolescents in Belize with the Knowledge and Skills for Health Living

    The purpose of this guide is to provide teachers with materials and resources to implement the Health and Family Life Education (HFLE) Curriculum. This guide builds on the foundation of the Regional Curriculum Framework for HLFE, which sets out the HFLE philosophy and standards for teaching and identifies the desired knowledge, skills and behavioral outcomes for students. Unit themes and the content of lessons are responsive to the many health and social challenges in the region, including HIV/AIDS, violence and substance abuse. …

  15. From evidence to action: advocating for comprehensive sexuality education

    This resource is part of IPPF's Inspire pack, which offers standards, guidelines and self-assessment guidance on a variety of strategies and activities that contribute to rights-based and comprehensive sexual and reproductive health programming for young people. It provides service providers, programme planners, policy-makers and young people with information to advocate for rights-based, gender-sensitive and sex-positive comprehensive sexuality education at local and national levels. …

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