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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A sexual and reproductive health peer education programme for girls in grades 7 to 9. Mentor’s manual

    This sexual and reproductive health (SRH) peer education programme was developed as part of the Department of Basic Education’s (DBE) Leveraging Partnerships to Achieve the Goals of South Africa’s HIV & AIDS and STI National Strategic Plan 2012–16, otherwise known as Keeping Girls in School. The aim of this component of the programme is to shift social norms and change sexual behaviour by reinforcing and supporting the SRH messages received via the curriculum in order to increase retention and reduce the risk of HIV infection and teenage pregnancy.

  2. UNAIDS IATT on Education symposium report 2015: Good quality education for adolescent girls for an AIDS-free future

    In June 2015, the UNAIDS IATT on Education, convened by UNESCO, presented evidence and explored promising approaches to support girls’ participation in quality education at a symposium entitled Good Quality Education For Adolescent Girls For An Aids-Free Future. …

  3. Risk information, risk salience, and adolescent sexual behavior: experimental evidence from Cameroon

    Results from a randomized experiment conducted with teenage schoolgirls in Cameroon suggest that HIV prevention interventions can be effective at reducing the incidence of teen pregnancy in the following 9-12 months by over 25 percent.

  4. Addressing cross-generational sex: A desk review of research and programs

    Current interest in cross-generational sex is largely due to the feminization of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Young women 15-24 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa are three times more likely to be infected with HIV than young men of the same age, four times more likely in Zambia, and a staggering five times more likely in Zimbabwe. But, in fact, ministries of education and others have had curricula and materials addressing the “sugar daddy” phenomenon for many years. …

  5. Comparison of Health Education and STD Risk Reduction Interventions for Incarcerated Adolescent Females

    Adolescent girls imprisoned in state reformatories were recruited (N=246) to an 18-month health education or HIV prevention program. A randomized block design was used to assign girls to one of the two programs. Girls in the HIV prevention program had improved risk reduction and condom use skills. At 9 months of follow-up, girls in both groups reported less sex under the influence of alcohol or drugs and less unprotected sex.

  6. Livelihood Options for Girls: A Guide for Program Managers

    The purpose of this guide is to strengthen the capacity of HIV/AIDS program managers to design interventions that reduce adolescents' vulnerability to HIV by offering viable and effective livelihood options to supplant high-risk behaviors motivated by economic insecurity. It is designed to help PEPFAR (President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief) teams encourage the development of tailored interventions that combine economic empowerment components with other activities to prevent HIV infection among the target population. …

  7. Identifying appropriate livelihood options for adolescent girls: a program design tool

    The tool can be used to design a new HIV prevention program for adolescents, as well as other programs related to the larger context of sexual and reproductive health (such as pregnancy prevention programs). It is intended for use by donors and organizations implementing HIV prevention and sexual and reproductive health programs for adolescents. The tool is particularly useful for organizations already implementing adolescent programs focused on life skills training, sexual and reproductive health education, leadership development, and HIV prevention. …

  8. Livelihoods and HIV risk for adolescent girls: design of a programming framework

    This document summarizes the process that resulted in the design and validation of two resources: Livelihood Options for Girls: A Guide for Program Managers and Identifying Appropriate Livelihood Options for Adolescent Girls: A Program Design Tool, developed by Health Policy Initiative, Task Order 1. Both resources are intended for use by program managers of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and are designed to address PEPFAR legislation that supports "Increasing women's access to income and productive resources". …

  9. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Young People: Expanding the Research and Program Agenda

    This paper's focuses on areas of relatively poorly addressed or understood aspects of young people's sexual and reproductive health. The authors propose to argue for the need to supplement our knowledge and programmatic interventions with regard to three specific issues related to young people's lives that need attention: (a) an overlooked sub-population of married adolescent girls; (b) an overlooked behavior of sex without consent; (c) programmatic interventions that work (or do not) in enhancing young people's health and development.

  10. New lessons: the power of educating adolescent girls. A girls count report on adolescent girls

    Over the past 15 years, girls' education in the developing world has been a story of progress. Interest and financial backing from the development community have grown steadily in response to accumulating evidence documenting the many benefits of girls' schooling, and female education is now a major part of global development commitments, including the Millennium Development Goals.The information collected for this report suggest that relatively few programs are specifically designed with the developmental and learning needs of adolescent girls in mind. …

  11. Girls' Power Initiative Nigeria. Training manual. Level 2. Adolescent Sexuality, sexual and reproductive health and rights.

    This document is a training manual designed to help facilitator to provide sexuality education (human sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, rights and responsibilities). This training manual (level 2) was produced and revised by Girl's power initiative (GPI), a Nigerian NGO in 2003. …

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