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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Strengthening the adolescent component of HIV/AIDS and reproductive health programmes: a training course for public health managers

    This five-day training course on strengthening the adolescent component of HIV/AIDS and reproductive health programmes has been developed for public health managers. The course materials have been applied and further developed in courses throughout the world. They help public health managers to become familiar with the special health and development needs of young people, and to take those needs into consideration when planning interventions that aim to improve the reproductive health status of and reduce the prevalence of HIV infection among individuals from 10 to 24 years of age. …

  2. Prevalence and correlates of sexual risk behaviors among Jamaican adolescents

    Despite high levels of sexual activity and risk behaviors among Jamaican youth, few population-based studies have examined their prevalence or correlates. The prevalence of three sexual risk behaviors was assessed using data from the 2008-2009 Jamaican Reproductive Health Survey on a subsample of adolescents aged 15-19 who neither were in a union nor had a child. Factors associated with the risk behaviors were examined separately for females and males, using bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression. …

  3. Increased sexual abstinence among in-school adolescents as a result of school health education in Soroti district, Uganda

    A health education program conducted in primary schools in Soroti district, Uganda promoted increased access to information, better peer interactions and better quality of the health education system. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among students in their final year of primary school (average age 14 years) at baseline and two years after introduction of the intervention. The percentage of sexually active students decreased from 42.9% (123 out of 287) to 11.1% (31 out of 280) in the intervention arm, while no changes were observed in the control arm. …

  4. Adolescents' reports of reproductive health education, 1988 and 1995

    This study used formal reproductive health education and communication with parents on reproductive health among 15-19 year old males from the National Survey of Adolescent Males (1988 and 1995). Female adolescent reports were taken from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. During this period, reproductive health education became almost universal among adolescent males. The percentage of males receiving information on HIV and AIDS rose from 73% to 97% and percentage receiving instruction on saying no to sex rose from 58% to 75%. Those who dropped out of school received less education. …

  5. Comparison of Health Education and STD Risk Reduction Interventions for Incarcerated Adolescent Females

    Adolescent girls imprisoned in state reformatories were recruited (N=246) to an 18-month health education or HIV prevention program. A randomized block design was used to assign girls to one of the two programs. Girls in the HIV prevention program had improved risk reduction and condom use skills. At 9 months of follow-up, girls in both groups reported less sex under the influence of alcohol or drugs and less unprotected sex.

  6. Mobilizing communities around HIV prevention for youth: how three coalitions applied key strategies to bring about structural changes

    Increasingly, HIV prevention efforts must focus on altering features of the social and physical environment to reduce risks associated with HIV acquisition and transmission. Community coalitions provide a vehicle for bringing about sustainable structural changes. This article shares lessons and key strategies regarding how three community coalitions located in Miami and Tampa, Florida, and San Juan, Puerto Rico engaged their respective communities in bringing about structural changes affecting policies, practices and programs related to HIV prevention for 12-24-year-olds. …

  7. Young people's understanding of HIV: a qualitative study among school students in Mankweng, South Africa

    This article describes young people's interpretation of HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted illness in a rural South African community in Mankweng, Limpopo Province. Method: The study was based on 19 focus group discussions with adolescents aged 12-14 years. Results: Our participants had limited knowledge about HIV from a biomedical perspective. Their understanding and interpretations of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases were largely informed by traditional and religious belief systems that explain how and why people contract an illness via sexual intercourse. …

  8. A multi-sectoral approach to providing reproductive health and information services to young people in Western Kenya: Kenya Adolescent Reproductive Health Project

    Informing adolescents about appropriate and acceptable behaviours, and ways to protect themselves against unwanted and unprotected sex, has proved problematic in Kenya. Education programmes for in and out of school adolescents are lacking, there is controversy around providing services to sexually active adolescents, and a pervasive concern that sexuality education and contraceptive services leads to promiscuity. …

  9. Raising effectiveness of prevention education for adolescents and young people in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Regional conference on HIV prevention and healthy life style promotion in education, April 19 to 21 2011, Almaty, Kazakhstan. Conference resolution

    On 19 to 21 April 2011, Almaty (Kazakhstan) hosted the first regional conference Raising Effectiveness of Prevention Education for Adolescents and Youth in Central Asia & Eastern Europe. The Conference was attended by over 70 delegates - education and health sector managers and experts, representatives of non-governmental and international organizations, community of PLHIV and UN agencies from 10 regional countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan). …

  10. Health and Family Life Education (HFLE) Resource Guide for Teachers. Lower Division. Empowering Children and Adolescents in Belize with the Knowledge and Skills for Health Living

    The purpose of this guide is to provide teachers with materials and resources to implement the Health and Family Life Education (HFLE) Curriculum. This guide builds on the foundation of the Regional Curriculum Framework for HLFE, which sets out the HFLE philosophy and standards for teaching and identifies the desired knowledge, skills and behavioral outcomes for students. Unit themes and the content of lessons are responsive to the many health and social challenges in the region, including HIV/AIDS, violence and substance abuse. …

  11. National strategic framework on the health and development of adolescents and young people in Nigeria 2007-2011

    The goal of this strategic framework is to facilitate the implementation of the National Adolescent Health Policy that aims to improve the quality of life of young persons in Nigeria. …

  12. Reproductive health policy

    The objectives of this reproductive health policy are: 1. To enhance reproductive health information and service provision so that all individuals and couples will be able to achieve their reproductive intentions while upholding their reproductive rights; 2. To strengthen the concept of integrated reproductive health through advocacy and IEC so as to ensure sustainability of integrated reproductive health programmes. …

  13. My changing body: fertility awareness for young people

    My Changing Body: Fertility Awareness for Young People is not a comprehensive sexuality education manual, but it goes into detail about one of these topics - fertility awareness. My Changing Body provides accurate, factual information about puberty in objective and reassuring terms for young people. What youth learn from My Changing Body will help them to become more self-confident, practice good health habits, and gain a positive self-image. …

  14. Reaching very young adolescents (VYAs): advancing program, research and evaluation practices

    This report is based on a meeting held June 10-11th, 2010, in Washington, DC. …

  15. Adolescent Job Aid: a handy desk reference tool for primary level health workers

    This publication is intended for health workers who provide primary care services (including promotive, preventive and curative health services) to adolescents. The purpose of this document is to enable health workers to respond to adolescents more effectively and with greater sensitivity. To do this, it provides precise guidance on how to deal with adolescents when they present with a problem regarding their health and development.

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