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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Adolescents’ HIV prevention and treatment toolkit for Eastern and Southern Africa: workbook for ages 13 - 15 years

    HIV affects all young people. The activities in this book will help them to: Know more about HIV as a young person; Increase their knowledge about all the different aspects related to being a young person living with HIV (YPLHIV) such as testing, disclosing, living positively and treatment; Think about their hopes and goals in life; Think about what kind of obstacles are getting in the way of these hopes and goals; Think about how they can give and get more love and support in their lives.

  2. Adolescents’ HIV prevention and treatment toolkit for Eastern and Southern Africa: workbook for ages 10 - 12 years

    HIV affects everyone, even young people. The activities they will do in this book will help them to: Know more about HIV as a young person; Increase their knowledge about all the different aspects related to being a young person living with HIV, such as testing, disclosing, living positively and treatment; Think about their hopes and goals in life; Think about what makes it hard to achieve these hopes and goals.

  3. Nutrition assessment, counselling and support for adolescents and adults living with HIV: A programming guide

    This programming guide prepared by the World Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) provides practitioners with useful information for planning and implementing food and nutrition support as part of a comprehensive treatment, care and support programme for adults and adolescents living with HIV. It serves as a resource for governments, UN organizations, donors, civil society, and other organizations providing support to countries.

  4. Eastern and Southern Africa commitment: One year in review - 2013-2014

    In December 2013, ministers of education and health from twenty ESA countries affirmed and endorsed their joint commitment to deliver comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services for young people. The ESA Commitment document was developed based on a Regional Report, “Young People Today: Time to Act Now” which reviewed the trends and status of sexual and reproductive health and HIV among adolescents and young people in the ESA Region including comprehensive sexuality education and service needs. …

  5. Toolkit for transition of care and other services for adolescents living with HIV: Training manual

    This training is designed to provide participants with the technical knowledge and skillset to provide individualized transition services and incorporate the relevant modules of the Toolkit for Transition of Care and Other Services for Adolescents Living with HIV into routine health services. By the end of this workshop, participants will be able to: 1. Describe characteristics of adolescent-friendly services; 2. Communicate effectively with adolescents; 3. Identify a minimum package of services for the individual adolescent client; 4. …

  6. Toolkit for transition of care and other services for adolescents living with HIV

    This Toolkit is a guide that assists both health care providers (HCPs) and community care providers (CCPs) to tailor a package of services for adolescents living with HIV. HCPs and CCPs are the primary users of the Toolkit, and they should use the Toolkit and distribute content/tools as appropriate to the adolescent and the family/caregiver. The Toolkit provides: 1. …

  7. Building the assets to thrive: Addressing the HIV-related vulnerabilities of adolescent girls in Ethiopia

    Reaching vulnerable adolescent girls with information and connecting them to services are not straightforward tasks. Poor girls in Ethiopia have few opportunities to access public institutions such as youth or community centers, health services, financial institutions, and schools. They may not know that they have a right to these services, and service delivery staff might not welcome them. …

  8. The impact and cost of the HIV/AIDS investment framework for adolescents

    Background: In 2005, the resources needed to support orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa were estimated at US$1.1–4.1 billion. Approaches to support vulnerable children have changed considerably since then. This study updates previous estimates by including new types of support and information on support costs. Methods: We considered 16 types of support categorized as economic strengthening, education support, social care and community outreach, and program support. …

  9. Let’s talk about sex: A qualitative study of Rwandan adolescents’ views on sex and HIV

    Objective: This qualitative study explored the views and experiences of adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV in Kigali, Rwanda, regarding sex, love, marriage, children and hope for the future. Design: The study enrolled 42 adolescents who had received combination antiretroviral therapy for at least 12 months, and a selection of their primary caregivers. Study methods included 3 multiple day workshops consisting of role-playing and focus group discussions (FGDs) with adolescents, 8 in-depth interviews with adolescents, and one FGD with caregivers. …

  10. Positive connections: leading information and support groups for adolescents living with HIV

    Positive Connections: Leading Information and Support Groups for Adolescents Living with HIV is a unique guide that provides facilitators with background information about the needs of ALHIV, tips for starting an adult-led information and support group, and 14 sessions to follow in a group setting. …

  11. Lessons learned from a review of interventions for adolescent and young key populations in Asia Pacific and opportunities for programming

    BACKGROUND: Over a third of new HIV infections globally are among 15-24 year-olds and over 20% among adolescents aged 10-19 years in Asia Pacific. The review was initiated to identify interventions in the region with demonstrated or potential impact for adolescent and young key populations (YKP) looking at the role of individual and structural factors in accessibility and delivery. The review is a component of a more comprehensive review undertaken by UNICEF and partners in the region. METHODS:This was a desk review of over 1000 articles, and 37 were selected. …

  12. HIV and adolescents: Guidance for HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIV

    Adolescents (10–19 years) and young people (20–24 years) continue to be vulnerable, both socially and economically, to HIV infection despite efforts to date. This is particularly true for adolescents — especially girls — who live in settings with a generalized HIV epidemic or who are members of key populations at higher risk for HIV acquisition or transmission through sexual transmission and injecting drug use. In 2012, there were approximately 2.1 million adolescents living with HIV. About one-seventh of all new HIV infections occur during adolescence. …

  13. Life Doesn’t Wait. Romania’s Failure to Protect and Support Children and Youth Living with HIV

    More than 7,200 Romanian children and youth age fifteen to nineteen are living with HIV—the largest such group in any European country. The vast majority were infected with HIV between 1986 and 1991 as a direct result of government policies that exposed them to contaminated needles and “microtransfusions” of unscreened blood. Despite Romania’s progressive expansion of access to antiretroviral drugs, these children and youth face pervasive stigma and discrimination that often impedes their enjoyment of basic rights and services. …

  14. Lost in transitions: Current issues faced by adolescents living with HIV in Asia Pacific

    Across the Asia Pacific region, adolescents aged 10 – 19 years who are living with HIV face unique challenges as they transition from childhood to adolescence and into adulthood. This report aims to document and capture some of the experiences of adolescents living with HIV as they disclose their HIV status, deal with life-long antiretroviral treatment (ART), move from pediatric to adult health care services, navigate sexuality and relationships and build their independent lives. …

  15. Having sex, becoming somebody: A qualitative study assessing (sexual) identity development of adolescents living with HIV/AIDS

    A growing number of adolescents are living with HIV/AIDS. For their well-being and for prevention, age- and culturally appropriate interventions become increasingly important. This qualitative study was conducted as the first step to develop a sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention. The study's objective was to assess the impact of HIV and related contextual conditions on identity formation of adolescents living with HIV/AIDS (ALH) in the domains of physical, cognitive, social, and sexual development. Data were collected using focus group discussions (FGDs). …

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