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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Menstrual hygiene management compliance in primary schools in Uganda: a case of Lira Municipality

    The main objective of the study was to determine the influence of Menstrual Hygiene Management on school absenteeism of adolescent girls in 10 primary schools in Lira municipality. Our findings highlighted that; majority of the respondent’s onset of the menstruation was at 13 years of age, 60% of the participants used disposable pads. Most respondents changed their pads at least twice a day. Two fifth of the primary girls reported missing school for about 3 days during menstrual periods pointing to the lack of menstrual hygiene products. …

  2. Sensitive to nutrition? A literature review of school feeding effects in the child development lifecycle

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an up-to-date literature review on school feeding and the potential impact on nutrition, including school age children, pre-school and adolescent girls. The review is aimed at providing evidence-based guidance to national governments on school feeding and nutrition from a lifecycle approach. The review seeks to consolidate the existing evidence, analyse what this evidence translates into in terms of programming, and understand the potential of improving nutrition through school feeding programmes globally. …

  3. Challenges of school re-entry among teenage mothers in primary schools in Muhoroni district, Western Kenya

    Much has been done towards attainment of gender equity in education as envisaged in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), yet gender disparities persist in many parts of the country. Studies indicate that most of girls who drop out of school do not return to class after childbirth despite provisions for it. The purpose of this study was to examine factors that influence re-entry of school girl mothers in primary schools in Muhoroni District, Kisumu County in western Kenya. …

  4. Situation analysis. A summary of school health in India and in four states: Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu

    This rapid situation analysis examines the national and selected States’ pictures of SHN and was conducted taking the internationally agreed pillars of FRESH into consideration and using mixed methods of literature review, secondary data analysis, and primary qualitative data analysis from key informant interviews with both national and State-level SHN practitioners and policymakers. …

  5. The girl with her period is the one to hang her head. Reflections on menstrual management among schoolgirls in rural Kenya

    Background. The onset of menstruation is a landmark event in the life of a young woman. Yet the complications and challenges that can accompany such an event have been understudied, specifically in resource-poor settings. As interventions aim to improve female attendance in schools, it is important to explore how menstruation is perceived and navigated by girls in the school setting. This research conveys rural Kenyan schoolgirls' perceptions and practices related to menstruation. Methods. Data were collected at six rural schools in the Nyanza Province of Western Kenya. …

  6. I want to study with all my heart: Unpacking reasons for girls' school drop-out in West Nile, Uganda

    From 2013 to 2014 ICRW and the Forum for African Women Educationalists Uganda (FAWEU) partnered to answer several questions about girls’ education in two districts in the West Nile sub-region of Northwestern Uganda: What percentage of adolescent girls (14-18) have dropped out of school? How much of girls’ drop-out could be explained by pregnancy? To what extent are gendered social norms and the effects of conflict influencing pregnancy and drop-out? …

  7. Working with transgender children and their classmates in pre-adolescence: Just be supportive

    This study documents a school district’s coordinated response to an elementary student’s social transition from a gender variant boy to a female gender expression. Data were gathered through analysis of journal entries, lesson plans, and interviews with the child, guardian, and district personnel. Stakeholders reported a favorable outlook on the transition, particularly in the areas of classroom and school interventions, peer involvement, and maintaining safety for all. The greatest concerns related to communication and language. …

  8. Increased sexual abstinence among in-school adolescents as a result of school health education in Soroti district, Uganda

    A health education program conducted in primary schools in Soroti district, Uganda promoted increased access to information, better peer interactions and better quality of the health education system. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among students in their final year of primary school (average age 14 years) at baseline and two years after introduction of the intervention. The percentage of sexually active students decreased from 42.9% (123 out of 287) to 11.1% (31 out of 280) in the intervention arm, while no changes were observed in the control arm. …

  9. Elaboration et mise en ouvre d'une stratégie de communication sur le VIH/SIDA en milieu scolaire primaire de Côte-d'Ivoire

    Ce projet d'élaboration et de mise en oeuvre d'une stratégie de communication sur le VIH/SIDA en milieu scolaire primaire de Côte-d'Ivoire s'insère dans le cadre du programme de coopération en matière d'éducation COTE D'IVOIRE/UNICEF. Plus précisément, il intègre le projet «Education de base des enfants de 6 à 11 ans notamment les filles» qui prévoit des activités de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA. L'objectif principal de ces activités est de venir en appui au gouvernement ivoirien dans la définition et la mise en oeuvre d'une politique de communication sur le VIH/SIDA. …

  10. VICH/SPID i obrazovanie. Informacionnyj sbornik dlja specialistov organizacij upravlenija obrazovaniem

    This document is the Tajik version of an adaptable toolkit developed by UNESCO Bangkok in 2002. It was adapted in 2006 during a seminar in Tadkikistan. It aims at promotion of HIV & AIDS education and increasing awareness of the impact of HIV & AIDS on the Education sector. …

  11. Guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education: kindergarten through 12th grade

    First published in 1991, the SIECUS guidelines have been translated into several languages and adapted in many countries. They were the first national model for comprehensive sexuality education in the United States. Established by a taskforce of experts, they provide a framework for educators to create new sexuality education programmes and evaluate existing curricula. They define concepts, topics, skills and messages that should be at the core of sexuality education courses and explain at which age level information should be introduced. …

  12. Good things for young people: reproductive health education for primary schools. Teacher's guide for standard 7

    MEMA kwa Vijana is an adolescent sexual and reproductive health programme, working in schools, health facilities and communities in the Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Its goal is to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in this region and beyond. MEMA kwa Vijana has over 10 years of research and implementation experience. The documents have been developed for teachers' use after they have received training, without the need for additional teaching aids or books. …

  13. Good things for young people: reproductive health education for primary schools. Teacher's guide for standard 6

    MEMA kwa Vijana is an adolescent sexual and reproductive health programme, working in schools, health facilities and communities in the Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Its goal is to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in this region and beyond. MEMA kwa Vijana has over 10 years of research and implementation experience. The documents have been developed for teachers' use after they have received training, without the need for additional teaching aids or books. …

  14. Good things for young people: reproductive health education for primary schools. Teacher's guide for standard 5

    MEMA kwa Vijana is an adolescent sexual and reproductive health programme, working in schools, health facilities and communities in the Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Its goal is to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in this region and beyond. MEMA kwa Vijana has over 10 years of research and implementation experience. The documents have been developed for teachers' use after they have received training, without the need for additional teaching aids or books. …

  15. Growing up and sexual maturation among the Luo of Kenya: removing barriers to quality education

    This document was written to follow up the exploratory studies undertaken by the Quality Education for Social Transformation (QUEST) programme in Kenya, Uganda and Zimbabwe. To develop instructional materials on the process of growing up and sexual maturation for use in teacher education institutions and primary schools, the Maseno University research team conducted a study to establish the traditional ways of growing up and sexual maturation (GUSM) among four generations of the Luo (one of the main ethnic communities in Kenya). …

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