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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The effects of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior: a systematic review

    We conducted a systematic review to assess the impact of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior. We searched PubMed to identify English-language studies evaluating school-based CAPs that reported process (i.e. number of condoms distributed or used) and sexual behavior measures. We identified nine studies that met our inclusion criteria, with the majority conducted in the United States of America. We judged most studies to have medium risk of bias. …

  2. Global overview of school health services: data from 102 countries

    Objective: The objective of this paper was to produce a global inventory of school health services and describe characteristics such as target group, providers, staffing level, services, settings, and organizational challenges. Methods: The literature in PubMed and other sources were reviewed using an explicit methodology. Results: School health services exist in at least 102 countries. Usually services are provided within school premises (97 countries), by dedicated school health personnel (59 countries). …

  3. A systematic review of the role of school-based healthcare in adolescent sexual, reproductive, and mental health

    Background: Accessible sexual, reproductive, and mental healthcare services are crucial for adolescent health and wellbeing. It has been reported that school-based healthcare (SBHC) has the potential to improve the availability of services particularly for young people who are normally underserved. Locating health services in schools has the potential to reduce transport costs, increase accessibility and provide links between schools and communities. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. …

  4. Draft Declaration: Partnerships for the health and well-being of our young and future generations and Draft Regional Framework

    The Declaration calls the Member States, civil society and international organizations to act urgently to address health inequalities and improve the social and economic determinants of health. The Declaration explicitly recognized the role of schools and preschools in promoting health and well-being for all children and adolescents. It acknowledged that inclusive and equitable education is a key determinant of their health and well-being. …

  5. Thematic paper 2: Schools and pre-schools promoting health and well-being for all children and adolescents

    This thematic paper on schools and pre-schools promoting health and well-being for all children and adolescents was produced to support and inform discussion at the high-level conference in Paris. …

  6. Health promoting schools policy

    The School Health Programme was established in 1986 by the Ministry of Education (MoE) in order to give an additional impetus to the health issues related to school children. The programme includes medical screening of children, health education and awareness on various health issues through core curricular and co-curricular activities, and provision of health information for teachers and parents. …

  7. European framework for quality standards in school health services and comptences for school health professionals

    This European framework for quality standards in school health services and competences for school health professionals, developed by the WHO Regional Office for Europe, aims to support the 53 Member States of the WHO European Region to develop and sustain school health services as part of their national health systems. …

  8. Meeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents in school-based health centers

    School-based health centers (SBHCs) are an important source of medical care for low-income and uninsured adolescents, and are a promising way of addressing unintended pregnancy and STIs. Controversy over teens and sex has had a significant impact on the provision of sexual and reproductive health services, and many SBHCs remain limited in their ability to meet the needs of adolescents by dispensing contraceptives on-site. Many SBHCs have overcome challenges and successfully integrated sexual and reproductive health services with other medical care. They can serve as models for other SBHCs.

  9. School-linked sexual health services for young people (SSHYP): a survey and systematic review concerning current models, effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and research opportunities

    The aims of this study were, first, to identify current forms of school-based sexual health services (SBSHS) and school-linked sexual health services (SLSHS) in the UK; second, to review and synthesise existing evidence from qualitative and quantitative studies concerning the effectiveness, acceptability and cost-effectiveness of these types of service, and third, to identify potential areas for further research. The study had two components. …

  10. Best practices for youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services in schools

    This document provides recommendations for school nurses and health center staff on nine essential components of youth-friendly services – confidentiality, respectful treatment, integrated services, culturally appropriate care, easy access to care, free or low cost services, reproductive and sexual health care, services for young men, and promoting parent-child communication.

  11. The School-Linked Health Center: a promising model of community-based care for adolescents

    This document emphasizes on the school-linked health center which is a model for those who are providing reproductive health care and mental health service; or for those who are planning the community health care programmes or policies for adolescents.

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