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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Challenges to implementing national comprehensive sexuality education curricula in low- and middle-income countries: case studies of Ghana, Kenya, Peru and Guatemala

    School-based comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) can help adolescents achieve their full potential and realize their sexual and reproductive health and rights. This is particularly pressing in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where high rates of unintended pregnancy and STIs among adolescents can limit countries’ ability to capitalize on the demographic dividend. While many LMICs have developed CSE curricula, their full implementation is often hindered by challenges around program planning and roll-out at the national and local level. …

  2. The effects of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior: a systematic review

    We conducted a systematic review to assess the impact of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior. We searched PubMed to identify English-language studies evaluating school-based CAPs that reported process (i.e. number of condoms distributed or used) and sexual behavior measures. We identified nine studies that met our inclusion criteria, with the majority conducted in the United States of America. We judged most studies to have medium risk of bias. …

  3. LGBTQI inclusive education index: the indicators

    An 8 page leaflet explaining the background of the creation of the LGBTQI Inclusive Education Index by IGLYO to support national governments and civil society organisations within the Council of Europe to ensure the right to education for all.

  4. Effectiveness of brief school-based interventions for adolescents: a meta-analysis of alcohol use prevention programs

    To conduct a meta-analysis summarizing the effectiveness of school-based brief alcohol interventions (BAIs) among adolescents and to examine possible iatrogenic effects due to deviancy training in group-delivered interventions, a systematic search for eligible studies was undertaken, current through December 31, 2012. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they used an experimental/quasi-experimental design; focused on school-based BAIs; enrolled adolescent participants; and reported an alcohol-related outcome measure. …

  5. Impact evaluation of a school-based sexuality and HIV prevention education activity in South Africa: baseline survey report

    Gaining the knowledge and skills necessary to make healthy choices about sexual behavior as adolescent learners transition to young adulthood is key to controlling the potentially devastating effects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. …

  6. A systematic review of the role of school-based healthcare in adolescent sexual, reproductive, and mental health

    Background: Accessible sexual, reproductive, and mental healthcare services are crucial for adolescent health and wellbeing. It has been reported that school-based healthcare (SBHC) has the potential to improve the availability of services particularly for young people who are normally underserved. Locating health services in schools has the potential to reduce transport costs, increase accessibility and provide links between schools and communities. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. …

  7. Mentoring adolescent boys to reduce gender-based violence

    According to the theory of change that underlies the Samata programme, one important factor in keeping girls in school is to reduce gender-based violence by their male peers. This brief explains how Samata works with adolescent boys.

  8. Experimental evaluation of school-based HIV programs in sub-Saharan Africa

    School-based adolescent health education programs represent a durable strategy in reducing the spread of HIV because they can leverage pre-existing social and organizational structures to reach large fractions of students at critical life stages. Many evaluations of school-based HIV programs draw on multilevel study designs that assign schools to treatment conditions or assign students to treatment conditions within blocks defined by school membership. …

  9. Draft Declaration: Partnerships for the health and well-being of our young and future generations and Draft Regional Framework

    The Declaration calls the Member States, civil society and international organizations to act urgently to address health inequalities and improve the social and economic determinants of health. The Declaration explicitly recognized the role of schools and preschools in promoting health and well-being for all children and adolescents. It acknowledged that inclusive and equitable education is a key determinant of their health and well-being. …

  10. Thematic paper 2: Schools and pre-schools promoting health and well-being for all children and adolescents

    This thematic paper on schools and pre-schools promoting health and well-being for all children and adolescents was produced to support and inform discussion at the high-level conference in Paris. …

  11. Bullying homofóbico en Chile: investigación y acción: informe ejecutivo 2015

    El objetivo general de este estudio fue conocer como se construye el fenómeno de bullying homofóbico en las culturas escolares, desde la mirada de todos los actores. Los objetivos específicos fueron (1) Caracterizar desde la perspectiva de los adolescentes el fenómeno del bullying homofóbico, y (2) Describir la prevalencia del bullying homofóbico, desde una perspectiva ecológica.

  12. Act for prevention and solution of the adolescent pregnancy problem. B.E. 2559 (2016)

    This act deals with the problem of adolescent pregnancy in Thailand. It describes prevention and solution strategy for educational establishments, and defines powers and duties of the instituted "Prevention and Solution of the Adolescent Pregnancy Problem Committee".

  13. Promoting parent engagement in schools to prevent HIV and other STDs among teens: information for state and local education agencies

    Parent engagement in schools is defined as parents and school staff working together to support and improve the learning, development, and health of children and adolescents (See Box 1). School staff may already engage parents in a variety of ways that support teens’ academic success, such as through parent-teacher conferences and open houses. …

  14. Orientaciones pedagógicas para la prevención del consumo de drogas en población escolar del nivel de educación secundaria. Módulos I - VI

    El problema del consumo de drogas es una realidad que atenta contra la salud, la integración de las familias, incita a la delincuencia, la violencia y pone en peligro el sano desarrollo social. La población escolar no es ajena a estas amenazas y, por ello, se requiere de múltiples y coordinadas respuestas para enfrentarlas. …

  15. School-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy in adolescents (Review)

    Background: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Objectives: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents.

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