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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Impact evaluation of a school-based sexuality and HIV prevention education activity in South Africa: baseline survey report

    Gaining the knowledge and skills necessary to make healthy choices about sexual behavior as adolescent learners transition to young adulthood is key to controlling the potentially devastating effects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. …

  2. Experimental evaluation of school-based HIV programs in sub-Saharan Africa

    School-based adolescent health education programs represent a durable strategy in reducing the spread of HIV because they can leverage pre-existing social and organizational structures to reach large fractions of students at critical life stages. Many evaluations of school-based HIV programs draw on multilevel study designs that assign schools to treatment conditions or assign students to treatment conditions within blocks defined by school membership. …

  3. Risk information, risk salience, and adolescent sexual behavior: experimental evidence from Cameroon

    Results from a randomized experiment conducted with teenage schoolgirls in Cameroon suggest that HIV prevention interventions can be effective at reducing the incidence of teen pregnancy in the following 9-12 months by over 25 percent.

  4. An HIV/AIDS knowledge scale for adolescents: item response theory analyses based on data from a study in South Africa and Tanzania

    A 14-item human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome knowledge scale was used among school students in 80 schools in 3 sites in Sub-Saharan Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng, South Africa, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania). For each item, an incorrect or don't know response was coded as 0 and correct response as 1. Exploratory factor analyses based on polychoric correlations showed two separate factors for all sites. …

  5. A school-based AIDS education programme for secondary school students in Nigeria: a review of effectiveness

    This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of health education initiatives to increase knowledge and improve attitudes and behaviors in response to rising HIV incidence. In this study, 223 students who received comprehensive health education were compared to 217 control group students who did not receive this education. …

  6. Development and test-retest reliability of a research instrument designed to evaluate school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in South Africa and Tanzania

    Aims: This article reports on the development and psychometric properties of an instrument to evaluate school-based HIV/ AIDS interventions aimed at adolescents in three African sites. Methods: The instrument was developed in a series of steps that involved a review of existing instruments; use of empirical data and secondary literature supporting an association between the variables of interest and sexual intercourse or condom use; operationalizing the constructs of the theoretical model employed; and using the objectives of the intervention. …

  7. The application of Intervention Mapping in developing and implementing school-based sexuality and HIV/AIDS education in a developing country context: the case of Tanzania

    Effective sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programmes are needed to protect young people against HIV/AIDS and teenage pregnancy in Tanzania and other Sub-Saharan African countries. Using a theory- and evidence-based approach and adapting the programmes to local contexts, increases the effectiveness of these programmes. This paper describes and discusses the challenges and opportunities concerning the application of Intervention Mapping (IM) in the development and implementation of a sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programme targeting young people aged 12-14 in Tanzania. …

  8. I am not "umqwayito'': a qualitative study of peer pressure and sexual risk behaviour among young adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa

    Young people in South Africa are susceptible to HIV infection. They are vulnerable to peer pressure to have sex, but little is known about how peer pressure operates. The aim of the study was to understand how negative peer pressure increases high risk sexual behaviour among young adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa. Qualitative research methods were used. Eight focus groups were conducted with young people between the ages of 13 and 14 years. …

  9. Process evaluation of a school-based HIV/AIDS intervention in South Africa

    This paper presents a process evaluation that assessed the fidelity and quality of implementation, as well as the acceptability and subjective evaluations of a HIV/AIDS intervention among students and teachers. Methods: The process evaluation was conducted as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial of a theory- and evidence-based school HIV/AIDS intervention in Cape Town. The intervention was designed for grade 8 high school students and delivered by teachers over a six-month period. Twenty-six schools participated in the trial, 13 in the intervention group and 13 in the control group. …

  10. HIV sero-status disclosure in the school context: experiences of adolescents perinatally infected with HIV in Uganda

    In this paper, we use data from Uganda to examine disclosure of HIV sero-status in the school context by adolescents perinatally infected with HIV. We begin by presenting evidence of the existence of stigma and discrimination in schools from the perspectives of school officials, in-school young people perinatally infected with HIV, and other students. We then examine the level of disclosure of sero-status to school officials and friends by adolescents perinatally infected with HIV. …

  11. Annual Report 2006

    The Young Empowered and Healthy (Y.E.A.H) Initiative is a multi-channel communication campaign by and for young people that combines mass media, person-to-person dialogue, and community media. The mission of Y.E.A.H is to stimulate dialogue and action among communities, families, schools, and health institutions; and model positive practices through local and national media. Y.E.A.H is designed to contribute to a reduction in the incidence of HIV and early pregnancy and to contribute to an increase in the proportion of young people that complete primary education and beyond. …

  12. Family life and HIV/AIDS education (FLHE) in schools in Enugu State: Baseline study of reproductive health issues among in-school adolescents in Enugu State

    Family Life and HIV/AIDS Education (FLHE) in Schools in Enugu State: Baseline Study of Reproductive Health Issues among In-School Adolescents in Enugu State is a research article written in 2009. It refers to a studies made on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) knowledge and practices among junior secondary school grades 1 and 3 students Enugu State, preparatory to incorporating family life and HIV/AIDS education (FLHE) into the school curricula in the state. Results show that over 90% of the respondents were regularly involved in sexual activities. …

  13. HIV Prevention among young people in sub-Saharan Africa: the way forward. Report from a workshop held 14-17th September 2009, White Sands Hotel, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    This is the full report of a technical workshop "HIV prevention among young people in sub-Saharan Africa: the way forward". The aim of the workshop was to provide guidance and support for evidence-informed interventions to prevent HIV among young people in sub-Saharan Africa. It was held on 14th-17th September 2009 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. This report summarises the key issues discussed at the workshop, and brings together the conclusions and recommendations generated. The structure of the report largely mirrors that of the workshop itself: 1. Introduction; 2. …

  14. Adolescent reproductive health project : AIDS action clubs in schools

    This programme is included in the Source Book of HIV/AIDS Prevention Program that presents 13 cases studies of good and promising practices of HIV/AIDS prevention programs in Sub-Saharan Africa. Africare, a Zimbabwean NGO established its AIDS Action Clubs Program in collaboration with the District Education Office in 2000. This regional programme is aimed at improving reproductive health of adolescents and young adults in Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia and South Africa. …

  15. Descriptions of specific programmes that were assessed for their HIV/AIDS communication to adolescents in Malawi, Zambia, Kenya and Uganda

    This chapter describes school programmes addressing HIV/AIDS in Malawi, Zambia, Kenya and Uganda. It describes the common approaches to anti AIDS programmes adopted in these countries mostly in the form of school based curriculum or club activities organized through the school or community.

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