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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Promoting parent engagement in schools to prevent HIV and other STDs among teens: information for state and local education agencies

    Parent engagement in schools is defined as parents and school staff working together to support and improve the learning, development, and health of children and adolescents (See Box 1). School staff may already engage parents in a variety of ways that support teens’ academic success, such as through parent-teacher conferences and open houses. …

  2. Addressing cross-generational sex: A desk review of research and programs

    Current interest in cross-generational sex is largely due to the feminization of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Young women 15-24 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa are three times more likely to be infected with HIV than young men of the same age, four times more likely in Zambia, and a staggering five times more likely in Zimbabwe. But, in fact, ministries of education and others have had curricula and materials addressing the “sugar daddy” phenomenon for many years. …

  3. A tale of two countries: rethinking sexual risk for HIV among young people in South Africa and the United States

    This paper compares the sexual behaviors of young people in South Africa (SA) and the United States (US) with the aim of better understanding the potential role of sexual behavior in HIV transmission in these two countries that have strikingly different HIV epidemics. Nationally representative, population-based surveys of young people ages 18-24 years from SA (n = 7,548) and the US (n = 13,451) were used. The prevalence of HIV was 10.2% in SA and 1% in the US. …

  4. Eres joven, latina, hermosa y tienes futuro

    Eres joven, latina, hermosa y tienes futuro Poster.

  5. Evaluation of a theoretically based AIDS/STD peer education program on postponing sexual intercourse and on condom use among adolescents attending high school

    This study aimed to evaluate the theories of Ajzen (Planned Behavior) and Triandis (Interpersonal Behavior) on influencing 698 junior high school students and 306 senior high school students at two sites in Quebec, Canada. Baseline questionnaires were completed as well as at 9 months of follow-up. …

  6. The Association of AIDS Education and Sex Education with Sexual Behavior and Condom Use Among Teenage Men

    A 1998 national U.S. survey of 15-19 year olds found that 73% had received education about AIDS, 79% about birth control and 58% about resisting sexual activity. Multivariate analysis shows that AIDS and sex education moderately but significantly decreased number of sexual partners and frequency of intercourse in the year prior to the survey. This type of education was also associated with more consistent condom use. Education on some topics was associated with increased knowledge and improved attitudes about AIDS, but these did not always correlate with safer sexual behavior.

  7. Sexually Active Adolescents have Less Knowledge and Less Fear of HIV than their Abstinent Peers

    A study in four districts of Rhode Island (USA) of 1,379 junior high school students (average age 13.2 years) found that sexually active boys were less knowledgeable about HIV, less tolerant of people living with AIDS, less fearful of contraction of HIV and more likely to undertake risky behavior, than those who were not sexually active. The same pattern, although less extreme, is found among girls in the sample. …

  8. Adolescências: Juventude e Participação

    O propósito da série Adolescentes e Jovens para a Educação entre Pares, do Projeto Saúdeáe Prevenção nas Escolas (SPE), propósito não é ser apenas mais um conjunto de fascículos, e sim trazer provocações e aprofundar o conhecimento que os(as) adolescentes e jovens têm a respeito de temas presentes em toda a sociedade, e que, muitas vezes, são tratados de maneira equivocada ou com preconceitos. Ao mesmo tempo, deseja orientar o trabalho por meio de oficinas, debates e leituras. Pretende, também, provocar reflexões e instigar o diálogo sobre as temáticas do SPE dentro das escolas brasileiras. …

  9. Cinco pasos de jóvenes y adolescentes para enfrentar el VIH-SIDA: Honduras 2002

    Investigación de línea de base con 5,900 jóvenes de 15 a 23 años en 11 ciudades de Honduras donde se registran más del 80% de los casos de VIH/SIDA del país. El estudio reveló evidencias útiles para evaluar impacto de intervenciones actuales y diseñar nuevas intervenciones. También contribuyó a la sexualidad informada y la promoción del liderazgo de jóvenes en la prevención del VIH. …

  10. Educación en salud en las escuelas para prevenir el sida y las ETS. Cuaderno de actividades de los estudiantes

    Este cuaderno de actividades de los estudiantes es parte del proyecto "Educación en salud en las escuelas para prevenir el sida y las ETS. Una propuesta para responsables del desarrollo de programas de estudios". Los jóvenes son los que van a usar este cuaderno con sus docentes o sus padres. Su meta es poner en juego los conocimientos de los jóvenes sobre el sida para promover una mejor prevención. …

  11. Bate Papo - Dicas de prevenção á DST/AIDS

    Esta banda desenhada faz parte de uma colecçao que foi elaborada pelo Programa Municipal de DST/AIDS de Cubatao no Brasil. O material que é totalmente colorido e destinado a crianças e adolescentes, mete em cena sete jovens à procura de informaçoes sobre o HIV/SIDA. Neste numero, os jovens fazem perguntas a um médico por intermédio da internet. As perguntas sao acerca das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis, os meios de transmissao e o exame do HIV/SIDA.

  12. Reducing the risk: building skills to prevent pregnancy, STD and HIV

    This is an HIV, STI and teenage pregnancy prevention curriculum targeting high-school students (Grades 9 to 12, ages 14 to 18). It is designed to be incorporated into a broader family life or health education programme. This evidence-based curriculum has been thoroughly evaluated. Reducing the Risk promotes abstinence as the most effective means of preventing HIV, STIs and teen pregnancy, but also advocates the use of contraception and condoms for individuals who choose to be sexually active. …

  13. Becoming a Responsible Teen (BART): an HIV risk-reduction program for adolescents

    Becoming a responsible teen (BART) is an HIV and STI risk-reduction programme primarily targeting African-American adolescents ages 14 to 18. It was originally designed for non-school settings. The eight sessions of the curriculum are organized around interactive group discussions, videos and discussions with people living with HIV, as well as role-play to strengthen communication skills. The main objective of the programme is to provide teens with the skills to delay sex initiation and to reduce their risk of HIV and other STIs. …

  14. Adolescents and HIV/AIDS

    The fact sheet presents the fact on HIV/AIDS among youth aged 13 to 24 in the United States and recommends effective strategies that may reduce sexual risk behaviours and prevent HIV and other STIs.

  15. Gender and the HIV epidemic: adolescent sexuality, gender and the HIV epidemic

    This document highlights factors which increase the risk of HIV infection for young people and concludes with a number of principles for success for future work to prevent HIV infection among young people in developing countries.

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