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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Let us know about HIV and AIDS achieving triple zeros: handbook on prevention of HIV and AIDS for lecturers in the Sri Lanka Institute of Tourism & Hotel Management

    This book is a study material for lecturers in the tourist sector. It provides core information regarding physical, mental and social changes of adolescents, prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, vulnerable factors for tourist sector and key population groups and vulnerable groups that should be clearly understood by them to keep in line with the prevention strategies used.

  2. Avis suivi de recommandations sur la prévention et la prise en charge des IST chez les adolescents et les jeunes adultes

    La ministre en charge de l’Éducation nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche et la ministre en charge des Affaires sociales et de la Santé ont saisi le Conseil National du Sida et des hépatites virales le 2 mai 2016, sur la définition de nouvelles orientations dans le cadre de la prévention et de la lutte contre les infections sexuellement transmissibles (IST) chez les adolescents et les jeunes adultes. …

  3. Stratégie nationale en santé des adolescent(e)s/jeunes au Sénégal

    Le but de la stratégie nationale est de contribuer à améliorer la santé en général, la santé de la reproduction en particulier, et le bien-être des adolescent(e)s/jeunes. Trois objectifs généraux sont retenus: 1. Améliorer l’accès des adolescent(e)s/jeunes à des services adaptés à leurs besoins; 2. Aider les adolescent(e)s/jeunes à adopter des comportements responsables et à prendre des décisions adéquates; 3. Créer un environnement social, législatif et réglementaire favorable à la promotion de la santé des adolescent(e)s/jeunes en général et de la santé de la reproduction en particulier.

  4. Parents’ and teachers’ views on sexual health education and screening for sexually transmitted infections among in-school adolescent girls in Kenya: a qualitative study

    Background: To successfully develop and implement school-based sexual health interventions for adolescent girls, such as screening for Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis, it is important to understand parents’ and teachers’ attitudes towards sexual health education and acceptability of sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening interventions. Methods: In this qualitative study, we approached parents and teachers from three high schools to participate in in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus-group discussions (FGDs). …

  5. Impact evaluation of a school-based sexuality and HIV prevention education activity in South Africa: baseline survey report

    Gaining the knowledge and skills necessary to make healthy choices about sexual behavior as adolescent learners transition to young adulthood is key to controlling the potentially devastating effects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. …

  6. Education, HIV, and early fertility: experimental evidence from Kenya

    A seven-year randomized evaluation suggests education subsidies reduce adolescent girls’ dropout, pregnancy, and marriage but not sexually transmitted infection (STI). The government’s HIV curriculum, which stresses abstinence until marriage, does not reduce pregnancy or STI. Both programs combined reduce STI more, but cut dropout and pregnancy less, than education subsidies alone. …

  7. The adolescent experience in-depth: using data to identify and reach the most vulnerable young people: Tanzania 2009-2012

    This report presents a secondary data analysis and triangulation of the Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2010, the Tanzania HIV and Malaria Indicator Survey (THMIS) 2011-12, and the Violence Against Children in Tanzania Survey (VACS) 2009. Its objectives are to analyse approximately 40 key indicators related to knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and outcomes (e.g. …

  8. Consejería en salud sexual y reproductiva para adolescentes: orientaciones para los equipos de atención primaria: guía práctica

    Esta Guía de Consejería se enmarca dentro de un conjunto de acciones del Programa Nacional de Salud Integral de Adolescentes y Jóvenes del Ministerio de Salud, iniciado en el año 2008, y entrega recomendaciones prácticas a los equipos de salud. Incluye conceptos básicos de salud sexual y salud reproductiva, desarrollo temáticos específicos de consejería para la prevención del embarazo e ITS/VIH/SIDA, uso del condón, abordaje de distintas orientaciones e identidad sexual y consejería en hombres. …

  9. Developing guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education

    Educators, service providers, and health professionals worldwide are advocating that young people receive comprehensive sexuality education to help them become sexually healthy adults and to help them practice safer sexual behaviors, delay the onset of sexual intercourse, and reduce unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates. Though there is often consensus that young people should receive such education, few actually do. This is primarily due to a lack of understanding and consensus about sexuality education goals, components, and standards. …

  10. Detailed methodology for systematic reviews of interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of young people in low- and middle-income countries

    The goal of this project was to systematically review and compile evidence on interventions in low- and middle-income countries, which targeted three adverse health-related outcomes for young people (ages 10–24): (1) early pregnancy and repeat pregnancy; (2) child marriage; and (3) sexually transmitted infections including human immunodeficiency virus. The authors searched the gray and published literature to identify interventions and developed a scoring system to assess whether these interventions and their evaluations were of high quality. …

  11. Interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, among young people in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of the published and gray literature

    Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, are prevalent among adolescents and can have lasting adverse health consequences. The objective of this review is to identify high-quality interventions and evaluations to decrease STI transmission and related risky behaviors among young people in low- and middle-income countries. PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, Cinahl Plus, Popline, and the Cochrane Databases were searched without language limitations for articles published through November 2015. Gray literature was searched by hand. …

  12. Promoting parent engagement in schools to prevent HIV and other STDs among teens: information for state and local education agencies

    Parent engagement in schools is defined as parents and school staff working together to support and improve the learning, development, and health of children and adolescents (See Box 1). School staff may already engage parents in a variety of ways that support teens’ academic success, such as through parent-teacher conferences and open houses. …

  13. School-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy in adolescents (Review)

    Background: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Objectives: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents.

  14. Situation analysis of adolescent sexual and reproductive health and HIV in the Caribbean. Executive summary

    This Caribbean adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) situational analysis is informed and structured by two conceptual frameworks: the Mapping Adolescent Programming and Measurement (MAPM) framework and the Ecological Framework for Health. The MAPM framework complements the logical framework and other tools for designing, monitoring and evaluating programs. It begins by defining the outcomes that are subject to change. For the purposes of this analysis the ASRH outcomes analyzed are HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), adolescent pregnancies and abortions. …

  15. Estrategia nacional de salud sexual y reproductiva: "Actuar hoy, para asegurar un futuro mejor para todos"

    El Ministerio de Salud, como instancia rectora del sector salud, formula la Estrategia Nacional de Salud Sexual y Reproductiva (ENSSR), instrumento normativo y orientador que permite reducir las brechas existente de atención en SSR, sobre todo en los grupos más excluidos socialmente, y pone a la disposición un abanico de opciones para mejorar el nivel y calidad de la vida sexual y reproductiva de la población en todo su ciclo de vida. …

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