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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Respect choice. Safe abortion a prerequisite for safe motherhood

    Respect Choice. Safe Abortion a Prerequisite for Safe Motherhood is the fourth in a series of publications presented by the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU) in 2004, in conjunction with the 10th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1994. This book consists of a collection of articles about the issue of safe abortion. …

  2. Salud sexual y reproductiva para mujeres y niñas adolescentes con VIH: Manual para capacitadores y gerentes de programas

    El presente manual está diseñado para ofrecer información y la estructura para una capacitación de cuatro días y para un taller de planeación de dos días, que permitirá a los gerentes de programas y trabajadores sanitarios de localidades con recursos limitados, brindar atención integral y de calidad evitando emitir juicios críticos, y apoyar a mujeres y niñas adolescentes con VIH en el contexto local. …

  3. Strategy for the integration of family planning and HIV voluntary counselling and testing services

    The overall goal of this strategy is to assist the National AIDS and STD Control Programme and the Division of Reproductive Health of the Ministry of Health in maximising the opportunities provided by VCT and FP services to reach women, men, and couples with these services, using a more cost-effective and sustainable approach. The purpose of this strategy is to increase and sustain the support, demand, access, and utilisation of high-quality VCT and FP services offered through both the public and private sectors.

  4. Children and AIDS: Fourth Stocktaking Report, 2009

    In 2005, the epidemic's consequences prompted UNICEF, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and other partners to launch Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS, a global campaign to focus attention and resources on mitigating the worst effects of HIV and AIDS on children and young people. Four years into this effort, many lives have been saved or improved because national governments, non-governmental organizations, local communities and international organizations have been examining the evidence and responding. …

  5. Reducing adolescent girls' vulnerability to HIV infection: examining microfinance and sustainable livelihood approaches. A literature and program review

    Increasing women's access to income and productive resources is one of the five priority gender strategies of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (Emergency Plan) (PL 108-25). Part 1 of this literature and program review focuses on youth-centered programs to prevent HIV infection among vulnerable female adolescents - including microfinance (MF) and sustainable livelihood programs. Part 2 analyzes the relationship between microfinance and HIV prevention in the general population, with a focus on women and the oldest adolescents in the target group. …

  6. A measure of commitment: women's sexual and reproductive health risk index for Sub-Saharan Africa

    In 2008 the number of African women who died from pregnancy and child birth was much higher than the number of casualties from all the major conflicts in Africa combined. Maternal mortality continues to be the major cause of death among women of reproductive age (15-49) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This report looks at the performance of sub Saharan African countries in meeting reproductive health targets in 47 countries and ranks them using a set of ten indicators in order of the highest to lowest risk. …

  7. Children and AIDS: Third Stocktaking Report, 2008

    This Stocktaking Report, the third since the Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS initiative was launched in 2005, examines data on progress, emerging evidence, and current knowledge and practice for children as they relate to four programme areas: preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV, providing paediatric HIV care and treatment, preventing infection among adolescents and young people, and protecting and supporting children affected by HIV and AIDS. …

  8. Exploring the socioeconomic dimension of adolescent reproductive health: a multicountry analysis

    Published by the Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI), this article focuses on socio-economic factors influencing reproductive health needs and service use among young women in 12 developing countries. Findings showed that, in most countries, young women from the poorest households were more likely than those from the richest to be married and have at least one child by the age of 18, and to lack financial independence. …

  9. Are adolescents and young adults more likely than older women to choose commercial and private sector providers of modern contraception?

    This study tests the hypothesis suggested by many smaller studies that young people prefer to use private providers to access contraceptive methods. It examines the patterns in young women's levels of sexual activity, use of modern methods of contraception, and sources of modern contraception by age group and union status, using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data. In addition, while controlling for other important explanatory variables, the study seeks to answer the question of whether young women are more likely to choose private sector providers than older women. …

  10. Adolescent reproductive health in Bangladesh: big problem - little progress

    This presentation is an overview of the current situation of adolescent reproductive health in Bangladesh. It is focused on the various factors which afffects (HIV/AIDS, IDUs, gender voilence and lack of prevention education among young people) the adolescent health directly or indirectly. Also showing a comparision in the the fertility rate (age 15-19) among the adolescents in South Asia.

  11. Strategies to improve reproductive health services for adolescents in Bangladesh: a community-based study

    This study, conducted by ICDDR, B: Centre for Health and Population Research in collaboration with Concerned Women for Family Development (CWFD), aimed at determining the relative benefits of an integrated adolescent-development programme that combined reproductive health education, community sensitization, livelihood skill-training (ST), and a savings and credit scheme. The study was conducted in Dhaka (urban) and Noagaon (rural). In total, 900 female and 900 male adolescents were enrolled. This document is available online at http://202.136.7.26/images/wp164.pdf#

  12. A healthy start in life: report on the Global Consultation on Child and Adolescent Health and Development, Stockholm, Sweden, 12-13 March 2002

    The Consultation, convened by WHO and UNICEF in March 2002 in Stockholm, Sweden, highlighted the importance of investing in the health of children and adolescents as a cost-effective way of securing future prosperity of nations. There is ample evidence about effective interventions, the challenge is to transform this knowledge into action. Increased commitment and strategic investments are needed to ensure that every child and adolescent can develop to its full potential. …

  13. Preventing teen pregnancy: youth development and after-school programs

    The book describes a variety of youth development and after-school programmes designed to help reduce teen pregnancy and discusses research on the causes of teen pregnancy and the effectiveness of past programmes. Includes also chapters on the role of education and employment planning; sports and fitness; violence prevention; substance abuse; parental involvement; and sex and HIV education programmes.

  14. Induced abortions among adolescent women in rural Maharashtra, India

    The paper presents a result of the study undertaken among both married and unmarried rural Maharashtra (India) adolescents who had undergone in the same geographic area. The study aimed to explore their access to services, decision-making on determinants of provider choice and extent of morbidity experienced.

  15. Adolescent girls in India choose a better future: an impact assessment

    A summary report of a cross-sectional comparative impact study to assess the impact of CEDPA's Better Life Options Programme (BLP) on the decision making and reproductive health behaviour of adolescent alumnae girls who graduated from the programmes in the peri-urban slums of Delhi, rural Madhya Pradesh and rural Gujarat in India. The study compared BLP alumnae who completed the programme between 1996 and 1999 with a similar control group of young women (ages 15-26) who had not been exposed to the programme.

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