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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Integrating gender and rights into sexuality education: field reports on using It's All One

    International policy agreements, along with emerging evidence about factors influencing programme effectiveness, have led to calls for a shift in sexuality education toward an approach that places gender norms and human rights at its heart. Little documentation exists, however, about the degree to which this shift is actually taking place on the ground or what it entails. Field experiences in using new curriculum tools, such as It's All One, offer one lens onto these questions. To gain a sense of practitioners' experience with this tool, a two-part exercise was conducted. …

  2. Love, sexual rights and young people: Learning from our peer educators how to be a youth-centred organisation

    This report examines the findings of an external assessment of the A+ programme, an innovative IPPF youth-led programme funded by Danida. The A+ programme was implemented by IPPF’s Member Associations in 16 countries across Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Central America. Its overriding goal was to increase access to sexual and reproductive health services and comprehensive sexuality education for young people, and to promote their sexual and reproductive health and rights. …

  3. Addressing cross-generational sex: A desk review of research and programs

    Current interest in cross-generational sex is largely due to the feminization of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Young women 15-24 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa are three times more likely to be infected with HIV than young men of the same age, four times more likely in Zambia, and a staggering five times more likely in Zimbabwe. But, in fact, ministries of education and others have had curricula and materials addressing the “sugar daddy” phenomenon for many years. …

  4. Strengthening national responses to HIV and adolescents in emergency situations: lessons learned from Côte d'Ivoire and Haiti

    many years, and a growing number of organizations are including a focus on young people, HIV/ASRH and humanitarian settings into their work. Despite this, however, there is on‐going concern that young people in general, and adolescents in particular (10-19 years) do not receive sufficient ttention in humanitarian settings, and that this has both important immediate implications for their health during the emergencies, and also much longer-term implications for them, their families and their communities. This report aims to respond to these concerns. …

  5. Marrying Too Young: End Child Marriage

    This report is a call to decision makers, parents, communities and to the world to end child marriage. It documents the current scope, prevalence and inequities associated with child marriage. This document argues that child marriage jeopardizes girls’ rights and stands in the way of girls living educated, healthy and productive lives. Furthemore, early marriage also excludes girls from fundamental decisions, such as the timing of marriage and choice of spouse. Not to mention that all of the effects of early marriage put girls more at risk of contracting HIV and other STIs. …

  6. You Asked... We Answered! Answers to Questions on HIV and AIDS Asked by Youth in Southern Africa. HIV and AIDS : How Can I Make A Difference? Part (iii)

    As youth, YOU are the most important resources in our countries! Your health and wellbeing will help determine the future of communities and countries in which you live. You are considered to be an ACTION FORCE, not a target group, and have a special understanding of the health and developmental issues facing you. We recognise that you need to be involved in all aspects of planning activities aimed at your age group, that is why we went to youth to find out what questions you haveabout your sexuality and HIV and AIDS! …

  7. You Asked... We Answered! Answers to Questions on HIV and AIDS Asked by Youth in Southern Africa. HIV and AIDS: Lets talk about sex! Part (ii)

    As youth,YOU are the most important resources in our countries! Your health and wellbeing will help determine the future of communities and countries in which you live. You are considered to be an ACTION FORCE, not a target group, and have a special understanding of the health and developmental issues facing you. We recognise that you need to be involved in all aspects of planning activities aimed at your age group, that is why we went to youth to find out what questions you haveabout your sexuality and HIV and AIDS! …

  8. You Asked... We Answered! Answers to Questions on HIV and AIDS Asked by Youth in Southern Africa. HIV and AIDS : Get the Facts! Part (i)

    As youth, YOU are the most important resources in our countries! Your health and wellbeing will help determine the future of communities and countries in which you live. You are considered to be an ACTION FORCE, not a target group, and have a special understanding of the health and developmental issues facing you. We recognise that you need to be involved in all aspects of planning activities aimed at your age group, that is why we went to youth to find out what questions you haveabout your sexuality and HIV and AIDS! …

  9. A tale of two countries: rethinking sexual risk for HIV among young people in South Africa and the United States

    This paper compares the sexual behaviors of young people in South Africa (SA) and the United States (US) with the aim of better understanding the potential role of sexual behavior in HIV transmission in these two countries that have strikingly different HIV epidemics. Nationally representative, population-based surveys of young people ages 18-24 years from SA (n = 7,548) and the US (n = 13,451) were used. The prevalence of HIV was 10.2% in SA and 1% in the US. …

  10. Advancing promising program and research/evaluation practices for evidence-based programs reaching very young adolescents: a review of the literature

    This paper reviews and describes research practices and program interventions addressing the sexual and reproductive health of very young adolescents (VYA) and identifies promising program components and research/evaluation practices. The paper is not exhaustive but serves as a tool for further discussion of what is needed in VYA programming and research

  11. Youth and the Global HIV/AIDS Crisis: A Toolkit for Action

    This Tool-kit for Action has two components. In Part One, you will hear from a sample of youth and youth workers (based in Ottawa) on what prevention, education, and awareness strategies have reached them, what they think about these strategies, and their own ideas for effective youth-centred HIV/AIDS actions for their communities. Part Two looks at a range of for- and by-youth public education initiatives from Kenya, the US, South Africa, Bangladesh, and Canada. …

  12. From evidence to action: advocating for comprehensive sexuality education

    This resource is part of IPPF's Inspire pack, which offers standards, guidelines and self-assessment guidance on a variety of strategies and activities that contribute to rights-based and comprehensive sexual and reproductive health programming for young people. It provides service providers, programme planners, policy-makers and young people with information to advocate for rights-based, gender-sensitive and sex-positive comprehensive sexuality education at local and national levels. …

  13. Effective Peer Education: Working with children and young on sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS

    This toolkit was published by Save the Children in 2004. It presents the peer education as one of the solution for children and adolescents' needs on skills and information on how to protect their sexual and reproductive health and reduce their vulnerability to HIV and AIDS. The manual begins with an introduction and some recommendations for the toolkit. …

  14. Sexual and reproductive health of young people: experiences from Technical Cooperation Projects

    The document comprises a selection of 43 project examples representing 41 GTZ projects that are concerned with SRH of young people. Information for each project covers background information, project approach, results and experiences as well as outlook on future plans of the project.

  15. Gender and the HIV epidemic: adolescent sexuality, gender and the HIV epidemic

    This document highlights factors which increase the risk of HIV infection for young people and concludes with a number of principles for success for future work to prevent HIV infection among young people in developing countries.

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