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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A Guide for Talking with Young People about their Reproductive Health

    A Guide for Talking with Young People about their Reproductive Health, is a document elaborated by PATH (Program for Appropriate Technology in Health), USAID, and Population Council in 2005. It is part of the Kenya Adolescent Reproductive Health Project's (KARHP) Tuko Pamoja (We are Together) series. The document provides some key methods to introduce the important subject of reproductive health to adolescents. …

  2. Associations between premarital sex and leaving school in four Sub-Saharan African countries

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in Family Planning", special issue on "Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Sub-Saharan Africa", published in December 2008. As formal schooling spreads within sub-Saharan Africa, a growing proportion of adolescents remain enrolled in school when they "come of age". As a consequence more and more adolescents have to negotiate sexual maturation and sexual initiation in a different context than from that of counterparts in prior generations. …

  3. Aborting and suspending pregnancy in rural Tanzania: an ethnography of young people's beliefs and pratices

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family Planning" published in December 2008. The objective of this study is to analyse abortion practices and beliefs among adolescents and young adults in Tanzania, where abortion is illegal. From 1999 to 2002, six researchers carried out participant observation in nine villages and conducted group discussions and interviews in three others. Most informants opposed abortion as illegal, immoral, dangerous, or unacceptable without without the man's consent, and many reported that ancestral spirits killed women who aborted clan descendants. …

  4. Protecting the next generation in Uganda. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report discusses in detail the sexual and reproductive lives of Uganda's youth, focusing on 15-19-year-olds. Chapter 2 provides an overview of the patterns of sexual behavior among adolescents. Chapter 3 explores adolescents' contraceptive use for protection from unwanted pregnancy and STIs, including HIV. Adolescents' knowledge of sexual and reproductive health - including reproduction, contraception and STIs, particularly HIV/AIDS - is examined in Chapter 4. …

  5. Protecting the next generation in Malawi. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report presents key findings from a new body of research that describes the sexual and reproductive health needs of Malawi's youth. The information was gathered from young Malawians themselves through focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and a nationally representative survey on sex, relationships, marriage, HIV/AIDS and pregnancy among young women and men aged 12-19. This report discusses in detail some of the challenges in and opportunities for improving the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in Malawi. …

  6. Protecting the next generation in Ghana. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report presents key findings from a new body ofresearch that highlights the unmet sexual and reproductive health needs of 12-19-year-olds in Ghana. The results point to specific areas in which interventions for improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health might be targeted, and suggest that increased and sustained investment in sexual and reproductive health care for adolescents may provide enormous returns. …

  7. Protéger la prochaine génération au Burkina Faso. Nouvelle évidence sur les besoins de santé sexuelle et reproductive des adolescents

    Les jeunes burkinabè se heurtent à des difficultés majeures en termes de santé sexuelle et de reproduction. Dans un contexte où il est difficile d'accéder à des informations et à des soins adaptés, un grand nombre d'entre eux doivent faire face à des grossesses non désirées et à risques ou encore aux infections sexuellement transmissibles (IST) dont le VIH/sida. Si dans leur très grande majorité, les adolescents ont déjà entendu parler du VIH/sida et de la contraception, leur niveau d'information est très bas et peu d'entre eux disposent des aptitudes nécessaires pour se protéger. …

  8. Promoting adolescent sexual and reproductive health in East and Southern Africa

    In Africa, as in many parts of the world, adolescent reproductive health is a controversial issue for policy makers and programme planners. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to HIV and AIDS and to a host of other problems such as sexually transmitted infection, unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortions, sexual abuse, female genital mutilation and unsafe circumcision. Yet many countries don't have adolescent health policies and much remains to be done to ensure that adolescents can access appropriate sexual and reproductive health services. …

  9. Adolescents, social support and help-seeking behavior : an international literature review and program consultation with recommendations for action

    The document is part of WHO project to identify and define evidence-based strategies for influencing adolescent help-seeking and identify research questions and activities to promote improved help-seeking behaviour by adolescents. The document presents the findings from an international review on the topic; results of programme consultation with 35 adolescent health programmes; results of six key informant interviews; and recommendations for action, including brief outline for developing a set of guidelines for the rapid assessment of social supports to promote the help-seeking of adolescents.

  10. Sexual and reproductive health of young people: experiences from Technical Cooperation Projects

    The document comprises a selection of 43 project examples representing 41 GTZ projects that are concerned with SRH of young people. Information for each project covers background information, project approach, results and experiences as well as outlook on future plans of the project.

  11. Strengthening the provision of adolescent-friendly health services to meet the health and development needs of adolescents in Africa

    The publication includes a synthesis and the summarized presentations given at the Regional Consultation on Strengthening the Provision of Adolescent-Friendly Health Services in Africa which was held in Harare, Zimbabwe on 17-21 October 2000.

  12. Strengthening the provision of adolescent-friendly health services to meet the health and development needs of adolescents in Africa: a consensus statement

    The paper presents the consensus statement of the African Regional Consultation on Adolescent-Friendly Health Services (AFHS) facilitated by WHO, and UNICEF which was held in Harare, Zimbabwe from 17 to 21 October 2000. The statement includes issues such as basic adolescent health needs, health-seeking behaviour, adolescent-friendly health services (AFHS), sustainability, resources, approaches to AFHS, and research areas.

  13. Why Nigerian adolescents seek abortion rather than contraception: evidence from focus-group discussions

    The need to educate adolescents about the mechanism of action of contraceptive agents and about their side effects in relation to unsafe sex is paramount if contraceptive use is to be improved among Nigerian adolescents.

  14. Social marketing for adolescent sexual health: results of Operations Research Projects in Botswana, Cameroon, Guinea, and South Africa

    AIDS, other sexually transmitted infections, and unintended pregnancies have reached critical levels in sub-Saharan Africa, creating a need for innovative prevention programs for vulnerable groups. This report describes operations research projects in Botswana, Cameroon, Guinea, and South Africa that attempted to determine whether social marketing interventions improved adolescent understanding of sexual health issues and access to reproductive health products and services.

  15. Promoting sexual responsibility among young people in Zimbabwe

    The Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council (ZNFPC) launched the Promotion of Youth Responsibility Project with technical assistance from the Johns Hopkins University Population Communication Services. This article presents an assessment of the project's success at reaching its target audience and promoting responsible sexual behaviour among young people.

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