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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Desarrollo humano en República Dominicana: el embarazo en adolescentes: un desafío multidimensional para generar oportunidades en el ciclo de vida

    Teenage pregnancy in the Dominican Republic is a complex problem and of high concern to the national agenda. Available data indicate that 22% of women between 12-19 years have been pregnant. This rate is 34% higher than the average for Latin America and the Caribbean. Teenage pregnancy is concentrated in specific areas of the country – the southern provinces and central Cibao - as well as among poorer people. The fact that the indicator (adolescent fertility rate) has shown little variation in the last three decades makes the picture complex. …

  2. Sexuality education in technical and vocational institutions in Guyana: possibilities and challenges

    This paper reports on the results of an exploratory evaluation of a sexuality education program that was introduced in technical and vocational institutions in Guyana. The rationale for the program is outlined, along with the methodology employed in the evaluation of the program, including the analysis of data from document reviews, telephone and face-to-face interviews, and surveys of facilitators and students’ perceptions of the program. …

  3. Embarazo adolescente y madres jóvenes en México: Una visión desde el Promajoven

    Los estudios sobre le impacto que tiene la educación básica en el desarollo de las mujeres y sus familias confirman la necesidad de focalizar y especializar la atención a la diversidad de condiciones, situaciones y contextos que el estudiantado vive a lo largo de sus trayectorias escolares. La presente investigación hace referencia a une de esos casos; el ejercicio de la sexualidad y el acontecimiento de los embarazos tempranos.

  4. Feasibility trial of a film-based educational intervention for increasing boys’ and girls’ intentions to avoid teenage pregnancy: Study protocol

    The World Health Organisation, amongst others, recognises that adolescent men have a vital yet neglected role in reducing teenage pregnancies and that there is a pressing need for educational interventions designed especially for them. This study seeks to fill this gap by determining the feasibility of conducting an effectiveness trial of the If I Were Jack intervention in post-primary schools. This 4-week intervention aims to increase teenagers’ intentions to avoid unintended pregnancy and addresses gender inequalities in sex education by explicitly focusing on young men. …

  5. Violencia escolar en América Latina y el Caribe: Superficie y fondo

    El estudio pretende ser un instrumento de debate y reflexión, además de ayudar en la definición y consecución de medidas sostenibles y efectivas que contribuyan a poner fin a la violencia contra los niños, las niñas y los adolescentes en las escuelas y en todos los ámbitos de su vida.

  6. Love, sexual rights and young people: Learning from our peer educators how to be a youth-centred organisation

    This report examines the findings of an external assessment of the A+ programme, an innovative IPPF youth-led programme funded by Danida. The A+ programme was implemented by IPPF’s Member Associations in 16 countries across Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Central America. Its overriding goal was to increase access to sexual and reproductive health services and comprehensive sexuality education for young people, and to promote their sexual and reproductive health and rights. …

  7. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health programs in humanitarian settings: an in-depth look at family planning services

    This report summarizes findings and recommendations of a year-long exercise undertaken by the Women’s Refugee Commission and Save the Children - in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) to map existing adolescent sexual and reproductive health programs and document good practices. The work was accomplished through a practitioner survey and humanitarian funding analyses; key informant interviews; and collection of good practice case studies.

  8. Young people's experiences in youth-led participatory action research for HIV/AIDS prevention

    As part of a project in the UNICEF-initiated “What every adolescent has a right to know” (RTK) program, qualitative interviews were conducted with youth (13 to 21 years of age) who were reached through a youth-led participatory action research (PAR) project. The interviews were conducted with both urban and rural participants in a Caribbean country where potential exposure to HIV/AIDS represents a significant threat to young people’s health. The purpose of the study was to examine how a truly youth organized PAR effort was perceived by the adolescents who were reached through the project. …

  9. Strengthening national responses to HIV and adolescents in emergency situations: lessons learned from Côte d'Ivoire and Haiti

    many years, and a growing number of organizations are including a focus on young people, HIV/ASRH and humanitarian settings into their work. Despite this, however, there is on‐going concern that young people in general, and adolescents in particular (10-19 years) do not receive sufficient ttention in humanitarian settings, and that this has both important immediate implications for their health during the emergencies, and also much longer-term implications for them, their families and their communities. This report aims to respond to these concerns. …

  10. Making HIV prevention programming count: identifying predictors of success in a parent-based HIV prevention program for youth

    Predictors of change in the number of sexual topics parents discussed and responsiveness during sex communication with their preadolescent after participating in a five-session sexual risk reduction intervention for parents were examined. Data were from 339 African American parents of preadolescents enrolled in the intervention arm of a randomized-controlled trial of the Parents’ Matter! Program (PMP). …

  11. The evaluation of abstinence education programs funded under title V section 510: interim report

    This report presents interim findings from an independent, federally funded evaluation of the abstinence education programs authorized under the Personal Responsability and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA). This report draws on four years of implementation experiences in a selected group of abstinence education programs.

  12. Programa integral de promoción de la salud sexual y reproductiva y prevencion del VIH/SIDA en mujeres, adolescentes y jóvenes pobres del Gran Buenos Aires: Informe Final

    Este documento presenta el desarrollo y los resultados obtenidos mediante una estrategia integral orientada a la promoción de la salud sexual y reproductiva y la prevención del VIH/Sida y otras ITS en mujeres en edad fértil (25-49 años) y sus parejas, adolescentes y jóvenes de ambos sexos (14-24 años) residentes en zonas de bajos recursos. Se trabajó en tres municipios del Conurbano Bonaerense, a partir de vínculos previamente establecidos con diversos actores locales, tanto del sector público como de la misma comunidad. …

  13. Impacts of Four Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Programs

    In the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, U.S. Congress authorized a scientific evaluation of the Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Program. This report presents final results from a multi-year, experimentally-based impact study conducted as part of this evaluation. It focuses on four selected Title V, Section 510 abstinence education programs: (1) My Choice, My Future! in Powhatan, Virginia; (2) ReCapturing the Vision in Miami, Florida; (3) Families United to Prevent Teen Pregnancy (FUPTP) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; and (4) Teens in Control in Clarksdale, Mississippi. …

  14. Promoviendo procesos de sensibilización y capacitación en género y masculinidad con niñez, adolescencia y juventud

    Sistematización de talleres desarrollados por Red de Masculinidad por la Igualdad de Género en Nicaragua para niños, adolescentes y jóvenes sobre el tema de la masculinidad con el objetivo de derribar mitos y prejuicios, abordándolo desde una perspectiva de derechos humanos e igualdad de género. Se abordan temas como sexualidad, violencia, VIH/sida, homofobia, salud sexual y reproductiva y otros. Se describen las actividades realizadas, su metodología y logros.

  15. Ellos dijeron: sistematización de experiencias de trabajo con niños, niñas, adolescentes y sus familias afectados por el VIH

    Sistematización de experiencias de trabajo con niñas, niños y adolescentes que viven con VIH. Se describen las características específicas del trabajo con este grupo y se citanácasos de intervención. Se demustra la necesidad de considerar esta problemática en forma integral, teniendo en cuenta tanto los aspectos médico-sanitarios como las distintas variables socioculturales que intervienen. Asimismo, la articulación entre variadas organizaciones de la comunidad y el sistema de salud ha resultado de gran importancia en términos del fortalecimiento de las redes de contención.

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