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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Addressing cross-generational sex: A desk review of research and programs

    Current interest in cross-generational sex is largely due to the feminization of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Young women 15-24 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa are three times more likely to be infected with HIV than young men of the same age, four times more likely in Zambia, and a staggering five times more likely in Zimbabwe. But, in fact, ministries of education and others have had curricula and materials addressing the “sugar daddy” phenomenon for many years. …

  2. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitudes towards people living with HIV among the general staff of a public university in Malaysia

    Stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV have been widely documented, and have extended their impact into the workplace. Stigmatising attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the workplace significantly hinder HIV prevention efforts and indirectly affect national development. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS and assess attitudes towards PLHIV among the general staff of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), as well as to identify factors that are associated with it.

  3. Sociodemographic variations in communication on sexuality and HIV/AIDS with parents, family members and teachers among in-school adolescents: a multi-site study in Tanzania and South Africa

    This paper aims to identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. The mean ages were as follows: CapeTown, 13.38 years (standard deviation (SD). …

  4. HIV/AIDS prevention and care among especially vulnerable young people. A framework for action

    HIV/AIDS prevention and care for especially vulnerable young people:a framework for action is the second joint publication between the World Health Organisation's Department of HIV/AIDS and the DFID supported Safe Passages to Adulthood programme. It offers a straightforward guide to priority setting and next steps. It suggests a focus on three key arenas for action - risk reduction, vulnerability reduction and impact mitigation - and provides guidance on key elements for the development of effective programmes. …

  5. Rwanda: study of literacy needs and programmes for youth and adults

    This study ordered by the Ministry of Education, Science, Technology and Scientific Research of Rwanda, had four components. 1. Review of relevant documentation. 2. Meetings and consultations with various stakeholders. 3. Field visits to selected sites in various provinces and districts, in urban and rural areas. 4. A survey of adult literacy needs and desires and ongoing programme experience, which was the main component of the study.

  6. Addressing gender relations in HIV preventive education

    This publication is one of the materials produced by the UNESCO Institute for Education for the project: "Developing Empowering Educational Strategies and Gender-Sensitive IEC (Information, Education and Communication) Materials for HIV Prevention" Their focus is on the educational strategies used outside the school system, which addresses the out-of-school youth and adults. …

  7. Teachers' exercise book for HIV prevention : Participatory Learning Activities from the EI/WHO Training and Resources Manual on School Health and HIV and AIDS Prevention

    This manual is prepared for teachers and it provides resources (including fact sheets, accurate information and data about HIV and STIs) and gives examples of interactive skill-building activities. These tools can strengthen teaching and advocacy skills of teachers and trade union leaders. The manual can support and increase unions' efforts to apply their unique capacities and experiences to strengthen HIV-related curricula and training programmes for teachers and other members of the community. …

  8. Family life education: a manual for parent educators

    This document is one of the materials developed during the course of the "Kafue Adolescent Reproductive Health Project" (KARHP) in Zambia. It is designed to train and guide parents and older educators in leading community-based education sessions with community members. It provides details on the kind of techniques needed when conducting community meetings and one-to-one sessions. The manual also outlines several activities that can be used to promote interest in the program among the community. …

  9. Implementation plan for Tirisano: January 2000-December 2004

    The Implementation Plan of Tirisano is a five year plan that provides the political mandate for South Africa's Department of Education. It is a call upon on South Africans by their Minister of Education, urging them to cooperate with the Ministry and provincial education authorities in addressing the most urgent problems in their educational sector. It aims at providing good quality accessible education from childhood right through adulthood, and ensuring that they prepare their citizens to be part of a multicultural society within a common set of values. …

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