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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Addressing cross-generational sex: A desk review of research and programs

    Current interest in cross-generational sex is largely due to the feminization of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Young women 15-24 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa are three times more likely to be infected with HIV than young men of the same age, four times more likely in Zambia, and a staggering five times more likely in Zimbabwe. But, in fact, ministries of education and others have had curricula and materials addressing the “sugar daddy” phenomenon for many years. …

  2. Sociodemographic variations in communication on sexuality and HIV/AIDS with parents, family members and teachers among in-school adolescents: a multi-site study in Tanzania and South Africa

    This paper aims to identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. The mean ages were as follows: CapeTown, 13.38 years (standard deviation (SD). …

  3. Inquérito sobre conhecimentos, attitudes e práticas relativas ao VIH/SIDA

    No inquérito sobre conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas em relação ao VIH/SIDA realizado em 2008 na Guiné-Bissau, apesar do nível de percepção sobre o SIDA situar-se acima de 90%, foram encontrados 12% de homens e 33% de mulheres que disseram ter já ouvido falar do SIDA, mas que desconhecem as formas de transmissão do VIH [Estudo CAP 2008]. …

  4. Estratégia de Comunicação sobre o HIV/SIDA

    Este documento foi elaborado pelo Ministério da Educação de Moçambique e tem como alvo principal apresentar estratégias de comunicação sobre o HIV/SIDA. Quatro grupos alvos estão definidos e para cada um deles existe uma abordagem específica. O primeiro grupo reúne todo o pessoal do Ministério da Educação (gestores, professores, alfabetizandos). Oásegundo grupo é composto pelos jovens com mais de 15 anos de idade.áO terceiro é composto pelos jovens entre 12 e 15 anos e o quarto grupo reúne o jovens de menos de 12 anos de idade. …

  5. Inquerito comunitario sobre os Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Pratica em relacao ao VIH/SIDA

    In 2006 the Project of Health Bandim realized a community inquiry, financed by UNFPA, about the knowledge, attitudes and practices related to HIV and AIDS.The study breaks down the population in terms of ethnicity, regions, religion and age and considers the level of knowledge people have about HIV and AIDS transmission and prevention methods. Similarly, the study considers the behaviours within social relationships that impact the spread of STIs and HIV, such as first sexual encounters, number of partners, frequency of sexual encounters and the use of condoms.

  6. Rwanda: study of literacy needs and programmes for youth and adults

    This study ordered by the Ministry of Education, Science, Technology and Scientific Research of Rwanda, had four components. 1. Review of relevant documentation. 2. Meetings and consultations with various stakeholders. 3. Field visits to selected sites in various provinces and districts, in urban and rural areas. 4. A survey of adult literacy needs and desires and ongoing programme experience, which was the main component of the study.

  7. Family life education: a manual for parent educators

    This document is one of the materials developed during the course of the "Kafue Adolescent Reproductive Health Project" (KARHP) in Zambia. It is designed to train and guide parents and older educators in leading community-based education sessions with community members. It provides details on the kind of techniques needed when conducting community meetings and one-to-one sessions. The manual also outlines several activities that can be used to promote interest in the program among the community. …

  8. Implementation plan for Tirisano: January 2000-December 2004

    The Implementation Plan of Tirisano is a five year plan that provides the political mandate for South Africa's Department of Education. It is a call upon on South Africans by their Minister of Education, urging them to cooperate with the Ministry and provincial education authorities in addressing the most urgent problems in their educational sector. It aims at providing good quality accessible education from childhood right through adulthood, and ensuring that they prepare their citizens to be part of a multicultural society within a common set of values. …

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