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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Addressing cross-generational sex: A desk review of research and programs

    Current interest in cross-generational sex is largely due to the feminization of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Young women 15-24 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa are three times more likely to be infected with HIV than young men of the same age, four times more likely in Zambia, and a staggering five times more likely in Zimbabwe. But, in fact, ministries of education and others have had curricula and materials addressing the “sugar daddy” phenomenon for many years. …

  2. Concevoir et animer des formations sur le VIH/sida

    Il s’agit d’éléments très concrets sur comme établir une planification de formation pour aborder la question du VIH SIDA (ambiance, outils, contenus, comportements, évaluation…). Le manuel aide les animateurs à concevoir des sessions de formation (formation de formateurs) pour favoriser la clarification des valeurs, le développement des compétences et l’acquisition de connaissances sur le VIH/sida et les questions connectées. Il permet aussi d’aider les intervenants à en apprendre plus sur le VIH/sida et à éduquer leurs collègues. …

  3. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitudes towards people living with HIV among the general staff of a public university in Malaysia

    Stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV have been widely documented, and have extended their impact into the workplace. Stigmatising attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the workplace significantly hinder HIV prevention efforts and indirectly affect national development. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS and assess attitudes towards PLHIV among the general staff of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), as well as to identify factors that are associated with it.

  4. Sociodemographic variations in communication on sexuality and HIV/AIDS with parents, family members and teachers among in-school adolescents: a multi-site study in Tanzania and South Africa

    This paper aims to identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. The mean ages were as follows: CapeTown, 13.38 years (standard deviation (SD). …

  5. Inquérito sobre conhecimentos, attitudes e práticas relativas ao VIH/SIDA

    No inquérito sobre conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas em relação ao VIH/SIDA realizado em 2008 na Guiné-Bissau, apesar do nível de percepção sobre o SIDA situar-se acima de 90%, foram encontrados 12% de homens e 33% de mulheres que disseram ter já ouvido falar do SIDA, mas que desconhecem as formas de transmissão do VIH [Estudo CAP 2008]. …

  6. HIV/AIDS prevention and care among especially vulnerable young people. A framework for action

    HIV/AIDS prevention and care for especially vulnerable young people:a framework for action is the second joint publication between the World Health Organisation's Department of HIV/AIDS and the DFID supported Safe Passages to Adulthood programme. It offers a straightforward guide to priority setting and next steps. It suggests a focus on three key arenas for action - risk reduction, vulnerability reduction and impact mitigation - and provides guidance on key elements for the development of effective programmes. …

  7. Estratégia de Comunicação sobre o HIV/SIDA

    Este documento foi elaborado pelo Ministério da Educação de Moçambique e tem como alvo principal apresentar estratégias de comunicação sobre o HIV/SIDA. Quatro grupos alvos estão definidos e para cada um deles existe uma abordagem específica. O primeiro grupo reúne todo o pessoal do Ministério da Educação (gestores, professores, alfabetizandos). Oásegundo grupo é composto pelos jovens com mais de 15 anos de idade.áO terceiro é composto pelos jovens entre 12 e 15 anos e o quarto grupo reúne o jovens de menos de 12 anos de idade. …

  8. SIDA, familia y educación. Información y criterios para tratar este tema en familia

    Este documento es un folleto del plan de educación para la salud en la escuela de la región de Murcia 2005-2010 relativo a la prevención del VIH & SIDA. Fue diseñado para los padres y madres en 2005. Se trata de ofrecer información relevante sobre cómo tratar con los hijos sobre el VIH & SIDA y de qué forma se puede colaborar en la educación en un área tan importante para ellos. …

  9. Inquerito comunitario sobre os Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Pratica em relacao ao VIH/SIDA

    In 2006 the Project of Health Bandim realized a community inquiry, financed by UNFPA, about the knowledge, attitudes and practices related to HIV and AIDS.The study breaks down the population in terms of ethnicity, regions, religion and age and considers the level of knowledge people have about HIV and AIDS transmission and prevention methods. Similarly, the study considers the behaviours within social relationships that impact the spread of STIs and HIV, such as first sexual encounters, number of partners, frequency of sexual encounters and the use of condoms.

  10. Rwanda: study of literacy needs and programmes for youth and adults

    This study ordered by the Ministry of Education, Science, Technology and Scientific Research of Rwanda, had four components. 1. Review of relevant documentation. 2. Meetings and consultations with various stakeholders. 3. Field visits to selected sites in various provinces and districts, in urban and rural areas. 4. A survey of adult literacy needs and desires and ongoing programme experience, which was the main component of the study.

  11. Viviendo y aprendiendo en un mundo con VIH/SIDA: El VIH/SIDA en la escuela

    Estos folletos han sido elaborados como parte de la respuesta de la UNESCO a la pandemia del VIH/SIDA, con el fin de promover un ambiente escolar de apoyo y de no discriminación hacia las personas infectadas y afectadas por el VIH/SIDA.Folleto para el AlumnadoFolleto para Padres y MadresFolleto para el Profesorado

  12. Wafa

    A story of a couple; Shahid and Zeenat who get information about HIV/AIDS through a television drama. Zeenat, the wife, is a Matriculate, and Shahid her husband, though not highly educated, is a hard working farmer. Before their marriage, he used to enjoy life in the company of his friends. After his marriage, Shahid settled down to family life and proved himself to be a good husband. Through a T.V. advertisement, Zeenat comes to know that loss of weight and persistent fever are symptoms of HIV/AIDS. Shahid used to work hard in the fields, and usually looked tired and sick, after coming back. …

  13. Addressing gender relations in HIV preventive education

    This publication is one of the materials produced by the UNESCO Institute for Education for the project: "Developing Empowering Educational Strategies and Gender-Sensitive IEC (Information, Education and Communication) Materials for HIV Prevention" Their focus is on the educational strategies used outside the school system, which addresses the out-of-school youth and adults. …

  14. Teachers' exercise book for HIV prevention : Participatory Learning Activities from the EI/WHO Training and Resources Manual on School Health and HIV and AIDS Prevention

    This manual is prepared for teachers and it provides resources (including fact sheets, accurate information and data about HIV and STIs) and gives examples of interactive skill-building activities. These tools can strengthen teaching and advocacy skills of teachers and trade union leaders. The manual can support and increase unions' efforts to apply their unique capacities and experiences to strengthen HIV-related curricula and training programmes for teachers and other members of the community. …

  15. Family life education: a manual for parent educators

    This document is one of the materials developed during the course of the "Kafue Adolescent Reproductive Health Project" (KARHP) in Zambia. It is designed to train and guide parents and older educators in leading community-based education sessions with community members. It provides details on the kind of techniques needed when conducting community meetings and one-to-one sessions. The manual also outlines several activities that can be used to promote interest in the program among the community. …

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