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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Health literacy and behaviour change among adolescents in Kibera, Nairobi-Kenya : student artworks

    UNESCO Regional Office for Eastern Africa in partnership with the Ministry of Education (MoE), and with the support of Government of Azerbaijan implemented a project on “Health literacy and behavior change practices among adolescent girls in the Kibera informal settlement” (2014-2016). …

  2. Youth-friendly HIV prevention and SRHR programmes and services at post-schooling institutions: a review of the literature

    The objective of this literature review was to provide a background to the current context relating to the provision of comprehensive and integrated youth-friendly SRHR and HIV prevention services to students at post-schooling institutions in South Africa and in the Eastern Cape. …

  3. Step by step guide implementing the join-in circuit (JIC) on HIV, love and sexuality in Zimbabwe

    The Join-In Circuit on AIDS, Love, and Sexuality (JIC) is a behaviour change communication (BCC) tool which aims to raise awareness for and provide information about HIV, AIDS and reproductive health. The JIC empowers participants to make healthy choices and promotes uptake of health services. JIC was developed in 1992 for youth by the German Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA) as part of the national “Don’t Give AIDS a Chance” HIV prevention campaign. …

  4. Health promotion for sexual and reproductive health and HIV: strategic action plan, 2016 to 2019

    This strategic action plan sets out Public Health England’s (PHE) approach to improving the public’s sexual and reproductive health and reversing the HIV epidemic. PHE will use its expertise to enhance data and surveillance; to build on the evidence base for commissioning effective interventions; and to lead and support local, regional and national partners in the implementation of evidence-based public health interventions across the system.

  5. Promoting sexual and reproductive health among adolescents in southern and eastern Africa (PREPARE): project design and conceptual framework

    Background: Young people in sub-Saharan Africa are affected by the HIV pandemic to a greater extent than young people elsewhere and effective HIV-preventive intervention programmes are urgently needed. The present article presents the rationale behind an EU-funded research project (PREPARE) examining effects of community-based (school delivered) interventions conducted in four sites in sub-Saharan Africa. One intervention focuses on changing beliefs and cognitions related to sexual practices (Mankweng, Limpopo, South Africa). …

  6. Peer-based education and the integration of HIV and sexual and reproductive health services for young people in Vietnam: Evidence from a project evaluation

    Introduction: This paper reports changes in behavioral outcomes related to the use of HIV testing service of a project that employed peer-based education strategies and integration of HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) services targeting young people aged 15–24 across 5 provinces in Vietnam. Methods: A pre-test/post-test, non-experimental evaluation design was used. …

  7. Project evaluation: HIV/AIDS Prevention and Promotion of Adolescent Sexual Reproductive Health

    In Ethiopia Save the Children Sweden (SCS) works to promote children's rights through advocacy, direct support, capacity building, research and awareness raising. In line with this, it has been supporting six local partner organisations whose implementation area is in Addis Ababa. Hiwot Ethiopia is one of the local partners of SCS working on HIV prevention and promotion of adolescent sexual reproductive health with the major objective of inducing behavioral change among in and out of school youth. …

  8. Long-Term Biological and Behavioural Impact of an Adolescent Sexual Health Intervention in Tanzania: Follow-up Survey of the Community-Based MEMA kwa Vijana Trial

    The ability of specific behaviour-change interventions to reduce HIV infection in young people remains questionable. Since January 1999, an adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention has been implemented in ten randomly chosen intervention communities in rural Tanzania, within a community randomised trial (see below; NCT00248469). The intervention consisted of teacher-led, peer-assisted in-school education, youth-friendly health services, community activities, and youth condom promotion and distribution. …

  9. The impact of television and radio on reproductive behavior and on HIV/AIDS knowledge and behavior

    This is a study of the association of radio and television exposure with different aspects of reproductive behavior and with knowledge, attitudes, and behavior in connection with HIV/AIDS. The measures of mass media are limited to the frequency that women and men report listening to the radio and watching television, which are standard questions in the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). Only the frequency is assessed; the DHS does not obtain information on programmatic content. …

  10. Awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among school-going adolescents in Europe: a systematic review of published literature

    This systematic review looks at levels of STI awareness, knowledge and perceived risk of school-going adolescents in Europe. Fifteen studies were included, all of which cross-sectional and conducted among 13 to 20 year olds. Awareness and knowledge varied depending on gender. Awareness on HIV/AIDS was high (over 90%) but low for HPV (5.4%-66%). While knowledge that condoms protect against STIs was high, adolescents viewed it as an interim contraception method before using the pill. In this study, knowledge did not translate into safer sex behavior change. …

  11. National plan of action for scaling up SRH and HIV prevention initiatives for young people

    This plan provides a framework for improving the sexual reproductive health of young people, and protecting them from HIV. The plan consists of five sections: background, policy and programming, goals and guiding principles, institutional framework and monitoring and evaluation. A detailed list of likely activities and budgets is proposed. The overall goal of the National Plan of Action is improved sexual and reproductive health and prevention of new HIV infections among young people aged 10-24 in Malawi. The plan is organized around six strategic objectives. …

  12. Health and family life education: teacher's guide

    This "Health and Family Life Education" curriculum was developed by Gerard Drakes, Mavis Fuller, Christopher Graham and Barbara Jenkins, in coordination with a number of different official partners of Caribbean countries, as well as UNICEF, UNESCO and the Education Development Center Inc (EDC). The manual was published in 2011. The main goal of this Curriculum is to help lower secondary students in acquiring skills necessary to cope with the challenges facing Caribbean societies nowadays, to make healthy life choices, assisting them in developing proper attitudes, morals and values. …

  13. National Behaviour Change Interventions Strategy for HIV/AIDS and Sexual Reproductive Health

    This document is prepared as a national guideline for planning behaviour change interventions and activities on HIV/AIDS and Sexual Reproductive Health [SRH] for the period 2001-2004. The National BCI Strategy is a planning tool, to guide ministries, district planners, NGOs, CBOs, DACCs, learning institutions, faith institutions and employers on effective HIV/AIDS and SRH behaviour change programs. The strategy is also intended to guide donors on areas of support and interventions that require national resources. The BCI Strategy has identified six key social groups for BC interventions. …

  14. Peer approach in adolescent reproductive health education: some lessons learned

    This package is one of a series of repackaged products aimed at alerting users on highly valuable educational resources that exist in the field of adolescent reproductive sexual health. It focuses on the impact of peer education in promoting necessary changes among adolescents in attitudes and behaviour with regard to reproductive and sexual health and is targeted at teachers, trainers, curriculum developers and school administrators. …

  15. Systematic review of effectiveness of school-based sexual health interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    Background: The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains of global significance and there is a need to target (a) the adolescent age-groups in which most new infections occur; and (b) sub-Saharan Africa where the greatest burden of the epidemic lies. A focused systematic review of school-based sexual health interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to prevent HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) in this age group was therefore conducted. Methods: Searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, Cinahl and PsychINFO according to agreed a priori criteria for studies published between 1986 and 2006. …

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