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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Levers of success: case studies of national sexuality education programmes

    A growing body of evidence exists to demonstrate what constitutes an effective school-based sexuality education programme. The factors that contribute to successful implementation of effective school-based sexuality education at regional, country or local levels - so-called "levers of success" - are less clear. These are the focus of this publication. The term levers of success is used to describe the conditions and actions that have been found to be conducive to the introduction or implementation of sexuality education. Such levers are both general and specific. …

  2. Changes in sexual behavior following a sex education program in Brazilian public schools

    This paper describes an evaluation of possible changes in sexual behavior in adolescents who participated in a school-based sex education program in selected public schools in four municipalities in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The program is inserted within the context of reproductive rights, deals with risks involved in unsafe sexual practices and focuses on the positive aspects of sexuality. A quasi-experimental design with pre and post-tests and a non-equivalent control group was used to evaluate the intervention. A total of 4,795 questionnaires were included in this analysis. …

  3. Reducing HIV Infection among Youth: What Can Schools Do? Key baseline findings from Mexico, South Africa and Thailand

    This report on the baseline data from three countries (Mexico, Thailand and South Africa) provides information on the HIV-prevention needs of school-based youth. It focuses on select key variables including HIV knowledge, attidudes toward people living with HIV/AIDS, confidence in acquiring and using condoms, and reported sexual behaviour. This information and other data obtained from the studies has helped shape the school-based interventions by informing teachers about student needs. It can also be helpful to others planning HIV prevention programmes for youth in similar settings.

  4. Promoting more gender-equitable norms and behaviors among young men as an HIV/AIDS prevention strategy

    Few interventions to promote gender-equitable behavior among young men have been systematically implemented or evaluated, and relatively little is known about how best to measure changes in gender norms and their effect on HIV/STI protective and risk behaviors. To address these gaps, the Horizons Program and Instituto Promundo, with support from USAID, SSL International, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and JohnSnowBrasil, examined the effectiveness of interventions designed to improve young men's attitudes toward gender norms and to reduce HIV/STI risk.

  5. Programming for HIV prevention in Mexican schools

    Summarizes a study that examines whether school HIV/AIDS prevention programs increase knowledge, positive attitudes, and HIV-preventive behaviors. Baseline report (2001) also available.

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