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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Mediation analysis of an adolescent HIV/STI/pregnancy prevention intervention

    Most interventions designed to prevent HIV/STI/pregnancy risk behaviours in young people have multiple components based on psychosocial theories (e.g. social cognitive theory) dictating sets of mediating variables to influence to achieve desired changes in behaviours. Mediation analysis is a method for investigating the extent to which a variable X (e.g. intervention indicator) influences an outcome variable Y (e.g. unprotected sex) by first influencing an intermediate variable M (e.g. …

  2. Kenya fast-track plan to end HIV and AIDS along adolescents and young people

    Goal: To fast-track the HIV response to end new HIV infections, AIDS related deaths and stigma and discrimination in adolescents and young people. Objectives of this fast-track plan: 1. To reduce new HIV infections among adolescents and young people by 40%; 2. To reduce AIDS related deaths among adolescent and young people by 15%; 3. To reduce stigma and discrimination by 25%. Target beneficiaries: The target beneficiary populations are adolescent boys and girls aged 10 – 19 years and young people, particularly women, aged 20 – 24 years. …

  3. Summary of methodologies to measure prevention of HIV/AIDS among young people

    This document is a summary of the major tools that have been commonly used to measure prevention of HIV/AIDS among youth. This table has been designed to help program planners, policy makers, and others interested in understanding the status of youth HIV risk and youth HIV prevention programs at the national, regional, or local level identify sources of relevant information.

  4. Securing the future today. Synthesis of strategic information on HIV and young people

    This report covers strategic information related to young people aged 15-24 years. It provides an understanding of HIV prevalence; describes the use of HIV prevention services; reports on the level of HIV knowledge; and describes behaviours among young people that impact on the spread of HIV (Section 2). The report includes a review of reporting on the UNGASS indicators for young people by region, and the status of the epidemic and response among young people using strategic information from UNGASS reporting in 2010 (Section 3). …

  5. Children's access to information on behaviour change, sexuality and reproductive rights: a myth or reality

    The overall objective of this baseline survey was to help determine access to information on 1) HIV and AIDS prevention; 2) sexuality and 3) reproductive rights for in-school childre. The specific objectives were to: document existing behaviour change communication (BCC) materials and programs for children; document the BCC methods to children including the packaging of information and dissemination; establish the relevance of BCC materials to children; compile empirical evidence on the impact of BCC materials on children in Swaziland.

  6. Canadian Youth, Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Study: Factors influencing knowledge, attitudes and behaviours

    Le présent rapport expose les conclusions d'une étude coordonnée par le Conseil des ministres de l'Éducation (Canada) [CMEC] et financée par la Stratégie canadienne sur le VIH/sida de Santé Canada. Il s'agit d'un portrait contemporain du comportement sexuel des adolescents et adolescentes. Plus précisément, il a pour but d'améliorer la compréhension des facteurs qui contribuent à la santé sexuelle des jeunes Canadiens et Canadiens, en explorant les déterminants socioculturels, socio-environnementaux et interpersonnels du comportement sexuel des jeunes. …

  7. Effects of Programs Supporting Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Key Findings, Emerging Issues, and Future Directions from Evaluations of Four Projects in Kenya and Tanzania

    This report provides a summary of key findings from evaluations of four programs, two in Kenya and two in Tanzania, supporting orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC). The overall aim of these evaluations was to ascertain the extent to which program interventions are effective in improving the well-being of OVC and their families, and the interventions' cost-effectiveness in achieving key outcomes. This report focuses on the overarching outcomes, emerging issues, and lessons learned from these evaluation studies of OVC programs. …

  8. Community Education and Sensitization as an OVC Care and Support Strategy: Evaluation of the Integrated AIDS Program-Thika in Kenya

    In sub-Saharan Africa, an estimated 12 million children aged 17 and younger have lost one or both parents mainly due to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. In addition, several million other children live with chronically ill and dying parents or caregiver, and others are living with HIV/AIDS themselves. These situations have exposed children to various life threats including dire household poverty, hunger, stigma and discrimination, abuse, and psychological problems. …

  9. South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2008. A turning tide among teenagers

    South Africa's first national, household sero-prevalence survey of HIV and AIDS was conducted in 2002. A second survey was completed in 2005 and this, the third, in 2008. This report provides an analysis of trends across the three surveys and begins to map the ways in which the shape of the pandemic in South Africa has changed since 2002. Indicators for assessing mid-term progress made in implementing South Africa's National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS, 2007-2011 are also provided. …

  10. Youth and HIV/AIDS: can we avoid catastrophe?

    Over 60 million people who have been infected with HIV in the past 20 years, about half became infected between the ages of 15 and 24. Today, nearly 12 million young people are living with HIV/AIDS. Young women are several times more likely than young men to be infected with HIV. In nearly 20 African countries 5 percent or more of women ages 15 to 24 are infected. Such statistics underscore the urgent need to address HIV/AIDS among youth.

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