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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Impact of teachers training on HIV/AIDS education program among secondary school students in Bangladesh: A cross-sectional survey

    In 2007, the Government of Bangladesh incorporated a chapter on HIV/AIDS into the national curriculum for an HIV-prevention program for school students. For the efficient dissemination of knowledge, an intervention was designed to train the teachers and equip them to educate on the topic of HIV/AIDS. The present study intended to understand the impact of this intervention by assessing the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to HIV/AIDS, among the targeted students.

  2. Report On National Workshop on School Health and Nutrition Strategy - Effective Implementation, 18th-19th September 2008, Kathamandu, Nepal

    The National SHN Strategy aims to provide a uniform approach to agencies working in the field of health and nutrition of school children. Even after the formation of National SHN Strategy, there has not been any significant improvement in the situation of the health and education status of school children due to the lack of an integrated approach. Program duplication has also emerged as a major challenge for agencies working in this field. …

  3. Cost analysis of school-based sexuality education programs in six countries

    Policy-makers who are making decisions on sexuality education programs face important economic questions: what are the costs of developing sexuality education programs; and what are the costs of implementing and scaling them up? This study responds to these questions by assessing the costs of six school-based sexuality education programs (Nigeria, Kenya, Indonesia, India, Estonia and the Netherlands). Cost analyses were carried out in schools that were fully implementing a SE program, as this best reflects the resources needed to run an effective program. …

  4. Effectiveness of school-based education on HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitude and behaviour among secondary school students in Wuhan, China

    Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are among the most complex health problems in the world. Young people are at high risk of HIV and AIDS infections and are, therefore, in need of targeted prevention. School-based HIV/AIDS health education may be an effective way to prevent the spread of AIDS among adolescents. Methods: The study was a school-based intervention conducted in three middle schools and two high schools in Wuhan, China, which included 702 boys and 766 girls, with ages from 11 to 18 years old. …

  5. Promoting Health-Seeking Behaviours and Quality of Care among Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender Women: Evidence from 5 Provinces in Thailand

    The study was commissioned by UNESCO Bangkok and aims to increase understanding about the health-seeking behavior of MSM/TG women in Thailand, including perceptions of illness, sources of information on sexual health, types of health services accessed, and constraints and obstacles in accessing healthcare; and to evaluate whether existing sexual health services meet the needs of MSM and TG women in the current Thai context, and develop recommendations for community groups/organizations, policy-makers (in light of Thailand’s revised National AIDS strategy), health service providers and developi …

  6. National Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for HIV Prevention Targeting Most-At-Risk Populations and Migrant Workers, 2010-2011, Thailand

    The National Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for HIV Prevention Targeting Most-At-Risk Populations and Migrant Workers provides a unified and harmonized monitoring and evaluation system for Thailand. It follows the principle of the Three Ones: one agreed HIV/AIDS action framework that provides the basis for coordinating the work of all partners; one national AIDS coordinating authority, with a broad based multi-sector mandate; and one agreed HIV country-level monitoring and evaluation system. …

  7. Cost and cost effectiveness analysis of school-based sexuality education in six countries: full report + School-based sexuality education programmes: a cost and cost-effectiveness analysis in six countries. Executive summary

    Costing and cost-effectiveness data for HIV prevention programmes are important tools for decision-makers. In many countries, HIV prevention efforts for young people have increasingly focused on schools, with many ministries of education in the process of scaling up school-based sexuality education programmes. However, most ministries of education are implementing programmes without an adequate understanding of how much the programmes cost per learner or per HIV/STIs or unintended pregnancy averted. …

  8. Advancing promising program and research/evaluation practices for evidence-based programs reaching very young adolescents: a review of the literature

    This paper reviews and describes research practices and program interventions addressing the sexual and reproductive health of very young adolescents (VYA) and identifies promising program components and research/evaluation practices. The paper is not exhaustive but serves as a tool for further discussion of what is needed in VYA programming and research

  9. Assessment of Curriculum Response in 35 countries for the EFA Monitoring Report 2005 "The Quality Imperative"

    This study does not address the level of implementation of HIV/AIDS education, but the framework and conditions set in policies and curricula for curriculum implementation. This analysis will however lead to an evaluation of the likely quality of implementation that may be expected, regarding criteria established through existing research and evaluation. From the analysis of the curriculum, which states goals, intention and, what can be expected to be actually implemented as HIV/AIDS education in schools and class rooms. …

  10. Best practices in HIV/AIDS prevention education: the AIDS surveillance and education experience in the Philippines

    This report examines the education component of the AIDS Surveillance and Education Project (ASEP) and its role in helping to keep the Philippines AIDS epidemic low and slow. It reviews the achievements of the education component and the lessons learned from ten years of the ASEP experience. The Philippines DOH has adopted ASEP as the "gold standard" for the Philippines and is replicating ASEP's interventions and strategies in other parts of the country. …

  11. Gender and HIV in the Pacific Islands Region

    This study presents evidence linking the spread of HIV with gender inequality in law and in custom in Pacific Island countries and territories. It suggests recommendations based on the findings, proposing policy responses and programme approaches which can and should be fundamental to fighting the spread of HIV in Pacific Island countries and territories. …

  12. A Study on Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Beliefs in the Context of HIV/AIDS among Out-of-School Street-based Children in Kathmandu and Pokhara

    This study, examining the knowledge, attitudes, practices and beliefs of street-based children in the context of HIV/AIDS, has been conducted to provide high quality data that can be acted upon with greater confidence to improve the appropriateness and effectiveness of programme interventions. This study clearly shows the high vulnerability of street-based children to HIV/AIDS. This information provides a valuable understanding of the vulnerability and risk behavior of street-based children which need to be targeted for HIV prevention.

  13. Levers of success: case studies of national sexuality education programmes

    A growing body of evidence exists to demonstrate what constitutes an effective school-based sexuality education programme. The factors that contribute to successful implementation of effective school-based sexuality education at regional, country or local levels - so-called "levers of success" - are less clear. These are the focus of this publication. The term levers of success is used to describe the conditions and actions that have been found to be conducive to the introduction or implementation of sexuality education. Such levers are both general and specific. …

  14. The HIV Epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, 1989-2007

    The article aims to investigate the characteristics and trends in the HIV epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, between 1989 and 2007. It shows that the HIV epidemic in Yunnan has progressed to a concentrated epidemic. Future efforts must focus not only on groups at risk for primary infection (injecting drug users, men who have sex with men, and female sex workers) but also on their low-risk sexual partners.

  15. Workplace policy on HIV and AIDS

    The Ministry recognizes the important role education plays in reducing the spread of HIV and its responsibilities to provide guidance to its employees and others working education sector in Cambodia in providing effective education to the youth of Cambodia on HIV and AIDS. The Ministry developed a Policy on HIV and AIDS for its team and staff to help them protect themselves from HIV infection, to care for themselves and to know what support is available from the Ministry should they be infected with HIV and develop AIDS.

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