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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Canadian Youth, Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Study: Factors influencing knowledge, attitudes and behaviours

    Le présent rapport expose les conclusions d'une étude coordonnée par le Conseil des ministres de l'Éducation (Canada) [CMEC] et financée par la Stratégie canadienne sur le VIH/sida de Santé Canada. Il s'agit d'un portrait contemporain du comportement sexuel des adolescents et adolescentes. Plus précisément, il a pour but d'améliorer la compréhension des facteurs qui contribuent à la santé sexuelle des jeunes Canadiens et Canadiens, en explorant les déterminants socioculturels, socio-environnementaux et interpersonnels du comportement sexuel des jeunes. …

  2. Gender and HIV in the Pacific Islands Region

    This study presents evidence linking the spread of HIV with gender inequality in law and in custom in Pacific Island countries and territories. It suggests recommendations based on the findings, proposing policy responses and programme approaches which can and should be fundamental to fighting the spread of HIV in Pacific Island countries and territories. …

  3. The HIV/AIDS Epidemic: An Inherent Gender Issue

    A decade ago women seemed to be on the periphery of the epidemic, today they are at the epicentre. In fact, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is taking its toll on everyone, but women are impacted more. This leaflet argues that actions to resolve this issue is not simply a matter of justice or fairness, because gender inequality is fatal. It explains that effects of campaigns are limited, unless women are involved.

  4. A Study on Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Beliefs in the Context of HIV/AIDS among Out-of-School Street-based Children in Kathmandu and Pokhara

    This study, examining the knowledge, attitudes, practices and beliefs of street-based children in the context of HIV/AIDS, has been conducted to provide high quality data that can be acted upon with greater confidence to improve the appropriateness and effectiveness of programme interventions. This study clearly shows the high vulnerability of street-based children to HIV/AIDS. This information provides a valuable understanding of the vulnerability and risk behavior of street-based children which need to be targeted for HIV prevention.

  5. Levers of success: case studies of national sexuality education programmes

    A growing body of evidence exists to demonstrate what constitutes an effective school-based sexuality education programme. The factors that contribute to successful implementation of effective school-based sexuality education at regional, country or local levels - so-called "levers of success" - are less clear. These are the focus of this publication. The term levers of success is used to describe the conditions and actions that have been found to be conducive to the introduction or implementation of sexuality education. Such levers are both general and specific. …

  6. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Study on Reproductive Health Among Secondary School Students in Bolgatanga, Upper East Region, Ghana

    This study was conducted within the secondary school student population of the Bolgatanga community, in Northern Ghana, to learn about knowledge, attitude and practices of reproductive health of this adolescent student population. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected on adolescence perception, STIs and HIV/AIDS, family planning, male-female relationship, and vulnerability to sexual violence. …

  7. Awareness and use of HIV/AIDS prevention methods among teachers and educational workers in Ghana. Survey report December 2008

    This is a report of a survey conducted to reassess the level of awareness of HIV/AIDS and the use of HIV/AIDS prevention methods among teachers and other workers in the education sector in Ghana. The present survey is a follow-up to a similar survey conducted in 2007 to assess the level of awareness of the disease in the education sector and the needs of teachers and educational workers living with HIV or AIDS.

  8. The HIV Epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, 1989-2007

    The article aims to investigate the characteristics and trends in the HIV epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, between 1989 and 2007. It shows that the HIV epidemic in Yunnan has progressed to a concentrated epidemic. Future efforts must focus not only on groups at risk for primary infection (injecting drug users, men who have sex with men, and female sex workers) but also on their low-risk sexual partners.

  9. Workplace policy on HIV and AIDS

    The Ministry recognizes the important role education plays in reducing the spread of HIV and its responsibilities to provide guidance to its employees and others working education sector in Cambodia in providing effective education to the youth of Cambodia on HIV and AIDS. The Ministry developed a Policy on HIV and AIDS for its team and staff to help them protect themselves from HIV infection, to care for themselves and to know what support is available from the Ministry should they be infected with HIV and develop AIDS.

  10. Effects of Programs Supporting Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Key Findings, Emerging Issues, and Future Directions from Evaluations of Four Projects in Kenya and Tanzania

    This report provides a summary of key findings from evaluations of four programs, two in Kenya and two in Tanzania, supporting orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC). The overall aim of these evaluations was to ascertain the extent to which program interventions are effective in improving the well-being of OVC and their families, and the interventions' cost-effectiveness in achieving key outcomes. This report focuses on the overarching outcomes, emerging issues, and lessons learned from these evaluation studies of OVC programs. …

  11. Community Education and Sensitization as an OVC Care and Support Strategy: Evaluation of the Integrated AIDS Program-Thika in Kenya

    In sub-Saharan Africa, an estimated 12 million children aged 17 and younger have lost one or both parents mainly due to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. In addition, several million other children live with chronically ill and dying parents or caregiver, and others are living with HIV/AIDS themselves. These situations have exposed children to various life threats including dire household poverty, hunger, stigma and discrimination, abuse, and psychological problems. …

  12. South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2008. A turning tide among teenagers

    South Africa's first national, household sero-prevalence survey of HIV and AIDS was conducted in 2002. A second survey was completed in 2005 and this, the third, in 2008. This report provides an analysis of trends across the three surveys and begins to map the ways in which the shape of the pandemic in South Africa has changed since 2002. Indicators for assessing mid-term progress made in implementing South Africa's National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS, 2007-2011 are also provided. …

  13. Life Skills Approaches to Improving Youth's Sexual and Reproductive Health

    Life Skills Approaches to Improving Youth's Sexual and Reproductive Health is a small paper edited by the NGO Advocates for Youth in 2002. It presents programs and advocates for policies that help young people make informed and responsible decisions about their reproductive and sexual health. It provides information, training, and strategic assistance to youth-serving organizations, policy makers, youth activists, and the media in the United States and the developing world. …

  14. The drama festival, Chela 3

    This document is part of a series of short storybooks for children which are about the story of a 10-year-old girl named Chela. Through her own experiences and the stories of her grandmother, she learns useful lessons of life. The documents introduce issues such as menstruation, sanitary pads, private parts and wet dreams. The four booklets also discuss alcohol, drugs and cigarettes, healthy eating, sexual harassment and abstinence before marriage. They aim to provide basic information on puberty in an easy-to-understand and entertaining manner. …

  15. Sexual and reproductive health and HIV. Linkages: evidence review and recommendations

    Cuadro sinóptico de estudios realizados que indagan en la relación entre los servicios de salud reproductiva y su impacto en la respuesta al VIH/sida.

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