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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Starting the discussion steps to making sex safer: a guide for community-based workers

    The guide provides ideas for training activities which can be used for enabling people to participate more actively in discussion about HIV prevention and making sex safer.

  2. Sex on TV: content and context

    The study examines the amount and nature of sexual messages on television. In addition to counting the number of sexual situations in programmes, it looks at the content in which sexuality is presented on television.

  3. Talking with kids about tough issues: a national survey of parents and kids

    The report presents the result of the survey of children 10 to 15 years of age and parents conducted to find out parent-child communication. it shows that many families are waiting too long to discuss, and not talking enough about many issues, including sexuality.

  4. Adolescent sexuality, gender and the HIV epidemic

    This paper explores adolescent sexuality and the HIV epidemic. It consists of six parts as following: Part 1. Introduction; Part 2. Unequal life changes and HIV infection; Part 3. Sex education within the family and community; Part 4. HIV-related work with young people; Part 5. Program implications; Part 6. Principles for success.

  5. HIV/AIDS risk in the Philippines : focus on adolescents and young adults

    This paper focuses on HIV/AIDS risk in the Philippines, especially adolescents and young adults.

  6. School-based programs to reduce sexual risk behaviors: a review of effectiveness

    This review was undertaken in recognition of the mounting public health and social problems associated with adolescent sexual behaviour and the importance of basing school-affiliated programmes designed to reduce sexual risk-taking behaviour on sound research.

  7. UNESCO's strategy for responding to HIV and AIDS

    As the UN specialised agency for education, UNESCO supports lifelong learning that builds and maintains essential skills, competencies, knowledge, behaviours and attitudes. This includes learning in formal educational settings; through non-formal educational activities; and through informal education. …

  8. Transitions to Adulthood in the Context of AIDS in South Africa: The Impact of Exposure to Life Skills Education on Adolescent Knowledge, Skills, and Behavior

    Presents the findings of a prospective study of reproductive and sexual health of adolescents in KwaZulu Natal Province. Research summary (2004), research update (2004), and report of baseline findings (2001) also available.

  9. The determinants of HIV infection and related sexual behaviours: evidence from Lesotho

    This paper analyzes the socioeconomic determinants of HIV infection and related sexual behaviors using the 2004 Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey. The authors find that in Lesotho education appears to have a protective effect: it is negatively associated with HIV infection (although not always significantly) and it strongly predicts preventive behaviors. The findings also show that married women who have extra-marital relationships are less likely to use a condom than non-married women. This is an important source of vulnerability that should be addressed in prevention efforts. …

  10. Systematic review of effectiveness of school-based sexual health interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    Background: The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains of global significance and there is a need to target (a) the adolescent age-groups in which most new infections occur; and (b) sub-Saharan Africa where the greatest burden of the epidemic lies. A focused systematic review of school-based sexual health interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to prevent HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) in this age group was therefore conducted. Methods: Searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, Cinahl and PsychINFO according to agreed a priori criteria for studies published between 1986 and 2006. …

  11. Programming for HIV Prevention in South African Schools

    Summarizes a study that examines whether school HIV/AIDS prevention programs increase knowledge, positive attitudes, and HIV-preventive behaviors. Baseline report (2001) also available.

  12. Programming for HIV prevention among college students in Thailand

    Summarizes a study that examines whether school HIV/AIDS prevention programs increase knowledge, positive attitudes, and HIV-preventive behaviors. Baseline report (2001) also available.

  13. IATT case study review - Zambia

    This aide memoire presents the results of a country case study of Zambia which took place in the context of a four-country exercise commissioned by the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education. This is an interim document, the purpose of which is to provide the stakeholders interviewed in Zambia, as well as the IATT on Education with a preliminary summary of findings. The results of this discussion will then be incorporated in the final overall report of the four countries. …

  14. HIV/AIDS and students at RAU

    This report is drawn from findings of a study on the association between awareness of HIV/AIDS and behaviour of RAU students in a social/cultural context. Students' knowledge, awareness and perceptions were determined, and their behaviour was linked to their HIV status. The study included a questionnaire survey coupled with a test for HIV status based on samples of oral fluid (saliva). Questionnaires and samples were anonymous, and provided on the basis of informed consent. The result of every HIV test was linked to the appropriate questionnaire by providing each with the same bar code. …

  15. Construction of safety and risk factors by learners in the Limpopo Province, South Africa: Results of a baseline survey of learners in the Sekhukhune, Bohlabela and Vhembe districts

    In 2004, the University of Pretoria was contracted by the United Nations' Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Limpopo Department of Education (LDoE) to conduct research in Limpopo, South Africa, examining issues related to safety and threats for learners at the foundational (Grade R-3), intermediate (Grade 4-7) and senior (Grade 8-12) phases. The purpose of the research was to provide baseline data and potential strategies for longer term school-based and community-based programmes to develop Child Friendly Schools (CFS) and Schools as Centres for Care and Support in Limpopo. …

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