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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Factors shaping the HIV-competence of two primary schools in rural Zimbabwe

    We present multi-method case studies of two Zimbabwean primary schools – one rural and one small-town. The rural school scored higher than the small-town school on measures of child well-being and school attendance by HIV-affected children. The small-town school had superior facilities, more teachers with higher morale, more specialist HIV/AIDS activities, and an explicit religious ethos. The relatively impoverished rural school was located in a more cohesive community with a more critically conscious, dynamic and networking headmaster. …

  2. National reproductive and child health programme strategic framework and plan 2007-2014

    The six components of this programme are : Safe motherhood; family planning; adolescent/youth sexual and reprodctive health; reproductive tract infections including STIs/HIV/AIDS/PMTCT; gender issues; reproductive morbidity.

  3. Promoting synergies between child protection and social protection

    In this report, the fifth in a series of regional thematic reports produced for a study on social protection and children in West and Central Africa, we focus on children’s vulnerabilities and risks related to an absence of protection from violence, abuse and neglect, and the ways in which measures to address such vulnerabilities and risks can be more effectively integrated into social protection policy frameworks. Many of the vulnerabilities identified stem from social factors such as family violence, break-up or illness and death (e.g. …

  4. Social cash transfers to support children and families affected by HIV/AIDS

    In response to the critical need of affected children and families, the compelling evidence for their benefits, and the receptive environment on the part of governments and donors, several local and international organizations are piloting cash transfers programmes as a mechanism to mitigate the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on affected communities in sub- Saharan Africa. Few programmes, however, are conceptualized or implemented within a broader framework of social protection, socioeconomic development or human rights. …

  5. Scaling up and sustaining community-based care for preschool and schoolage children - successes and challenges in Malawi

    Community-based organizations (CBOs) are an important model for the care of orphans and other vulnerable children whose life and development are threatened by human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and poverty. However, data are lacking on the challenges and solutions enabling successful expansion of these programs to the national level. This article presents some of the experiences encountered by Malawi in the expansion of their network of CBOs. …

  6. Policy Analyses and Recommendations on Early Childhood Development and HIV/ AIDS in Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar

    This review studies a total of 33 policies and policy-related plans, strategies, and guidelines were reviewed for the Mainland and 14 for Zanzibar. …

  7. Integrated Health Care Delivery Systems for Families and Children Impacted by HIV/AIDS: Four Program Case Studies from Kenya and Rwanda

    This document describes four family and community-centered approaches to caring for and treating HIV-affected children and households, three in Rwanda and one in Kenya. The four projects described all share a common commitment to delivery of care in the community rather than limiting provision of care to health facilities. …

  8. Going all-out for human rights and sexual health: aiming for results in Burkina Faso

    Officially launched in January 2004, the German-Burkinabe Sexual Health and Human Rights Programme (PROSAD) was chosen for write-up in the German HIV Practice Collection because, over the years, it has become a uniquely sustained, comprehensive and results-driven effort to protect and empower women, youth and children. It has helped raise their own and public awareness of their human rights, including their sexual and reproductive rights, and has provided them with a range of services and mechanisms that allow them to take advantage of those rights.

  9. National Guidelines and Standards of Practice on Orphans and Vulnerable Children

    National guidelines and standards of practice published by Nigeria's Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development in 2007 aim to assure and improve the quality of interventions that target orphans and vulnerable children in Nigeria. The guidance accords with federal government policies, international instruments, and internationally accepted best practices. It defines roles and responsibilities for all stakeholders and seeks to enhance collaboration and strategic partnerships between them. …

  10. When the safety net fails. Children in West and Central Africa and the risk of HIV infection

    This publication looks at children who are vulnerable to HIV infection, providing services to mitigate this vulnerability and to assist those who have already acquired HIV. To explore this, the authors spoke to more than 1,000 children and adolescents aged 8 to 20 years living in communities severely affected by war and displacement, child trafficking, or high HIV mortality - communities in which the social safety net had been severely disrupted. …

  11. Children for health. Children as partners in health promotion

    This document was published by the Child-to-Child Trust in 2005. This book advocates and aims to strengthen the provision of good quality health education for all children. This document consists of 3 parts : Part 1 : "Children as partners"; part 2 "Children's action"; part 3: "Facts for life: Prime messages and supporting information". The book is illustrated with examples of inspiring work being done across the world by educators and health workers dedicated to improving the lives of children and their families. The book is designed for teacher and health workers. …

  12. Our future: sexuality and life skills education for young people. Grades 4-5

    This toolkit shares the experiences of a project on sexuality and life skills led by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance started in 2003. The toolkit is based on a number of workshops and discussions with teachers and students. Throughout the development of the toolkit, students contributed questions, stories, problem letters and pictures. The result is a series of three books developed with teachers and learners in Grades 4 to 9 from 14 schools in the Chipata District of Zambia. …

  13. Mainstreaming HIV within an education programme : a case study from concern Mozambique

    This case study is based on in-depth qualitative research conducted over six months by Concern Worldwide in the central province of Manica. It looks at how Concern Mozambique has addressed issues related to HIV and AIDS within its education programme. Specifically it outlines how school councils can help create a safer and more supportive environment particularly for girls using a methodology called Circles of Support. …

  14. HIV/AIDS and its impact on basic education

    This training manual, as a resource book for trainers in HIV/AIDS in basic education, has been designed to provide skills and information in order to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS epidemic in Zambia. The manual emphasizes learning by doing and includes many suggestions for ways to actively involve the trainees. The goal of this training manual is to introduce both trainers and trainees to the use of visual aids for effective training and information sharing in the reduction of HIV/AIDS spread and its impact.

  15. PIASCY: helping pupils to stay safe (P5-P7), a handbook for teachers

    The Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth (PIASCY) is a strategy introduced by the Ministry of Education and Sports in Uganda, aimed at helping teachers to provide accurate information to young people, who are at great risk. It was initiated to encourage openness amongst teachers and students and to equip youngsters to confront HIV and AIDS through sex education. …

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