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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Nurturing enabling environments for culturally appropriate HIV and AIDS policies through informed public dialogue the case of Botswana and Zambia

    As part of UNESCO’s strategy to respond to the global HIV and AIDS epidemic, the Culture, HIV and AIDS program works to support the development of culturally appropriate policies and programming that are gender-responsive, human-rights based and built on a thorough analysis of the cultural and social specificities of those communities concerned. UNESCO’s ‘official’ definition of culture as contained in the UNESCO Mexico City Declaration on Cultural Policies (1982) reads as following: “a set of distinctive spiritual and material, intellectual and emotional characteristics which define a soci …

  2. Estado de la vinculación de la salud sexual y reproductiva, VIH y Sida e ITS en Chile

    Documento que analiza la legislación y políticas públicas de salud sexual y reproductiva en Chile. Este análisis lo relaciona luego con el VIH/sida y las ITS, y resalta la importancia de las políticas en el control de éstas. También analiza el accionar de organizaciones de la sociedad civil al respecto.

  3. Demography of HIV/AIDS in China

    The challenge to determining the true impact of HIV within the general population in China has been the lack of a reliable, comprehensive surveillance and reporting system, coupled with the lack of an effective referral chain within the Chinese healthcare system. However, over the past few years, more information has become available about specific, at-risk populations. The nature of China's HIV epidemic complicates assessments about its future. …

  4. HIV/AIDS policy in Vietnam: A civil society perspective

    HIV/AIDS has spread rapidly in Vietnam since the first case was registered in 1990, and today more than a quarter-million people in the country are living with HIV/AIDS. The national HIV prevalence rate among adults is 0.5 percent, but prevalence rates are significantly higher among high-risk groups, such as injecting drug users (33 to 65 percent) and sex workers (approximately 16 percent). However, the illegal nature of drug use and sex work has complicated efforts to prevent HIV among these high-risk groups. …

  5. Laos PDR, fighting a rising tide: the response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Laos are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region.The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  6. Cambodia, fighting a rising tide: the response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Cambodia are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  7. Resultados del Diagnóstico de Necesidades en Poblaciones Transgéneros

    Se realiza un diagnóstico cualitativo con el fin de conocer las necesidades de la población transgénero contactada en Quito y Guayaquil, durante el último trimestre de 2007 y primero de 2008. Se analizan las conductas de riesgo para la infección por VIH y orientar intervenciones ajustadas a la realidad del grupo poblacional para la prevención de su transmisión. Para la ejecución de la investigación se contó con la participación directa de personas transgéneros. …

  8. Getting sensitive. Helping civil society groups gain funding for gender-sensitive HIV programmes. An Exploratory Project in Malawi and Uganda

    In sub-Saharan Africa, home to two-thirds of all people living with HIV, 60% are now women. In some regions, women account for increasing percentages of all infections, especially young women (aged 15 to 24), who are particularly vulnerable. In sub-Saharan Africa, their risk of HIV infection is three to five times higher than that of young men (UNAIDS, 2008). The Exploratory Project was a partnership of GTZ and two established NGOs in Malawi and Uganda. …

  9. Pioneers, partners, providers: the dynamics of civil society and AIDS funding in Southern Africa

    This report from the Open society initiative for Southern Africa and the Centre for AIDS Development Research and Evaluation examines the AIDS funding environment through a civil society lens. It presents and discusses findings from a six-country study access to AIDS funding by civil society organisations (CSOs) in southern Africa. The study draws upon data from 439 CSO conducting AIDS response activities as well as community case studies and interviews with a selection of donor institutions in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland and Zambia. It focuses on the period 2001 to 2005.

  10. Deadly inertia: a cross country study of educational responses to HIV/AIDS

    The Global Campaign for Education published this booklet to share their analysis on the response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic by the education sector in 18 countries across Asia, Latin America, and Africa undertaken in 2004. It is intended for policy makers, administrators and teachers. It has 5 chapters, includes an executive summary, recommendations and an appendix. Chapter 1 focuses on the methodology and rationale for the study; it delves into the effects of HIV/AIDS on the education sector and the powerful role education can play in stopping the epidemic. …

  11. HIV and AIDS in China: The emerging response from UK based international development NGOs

    It is now recognised that China stands on the brink of a humanitarian disaster due to HIV, with over one million already infected and UN estimates that this will exceed ten million by 2010. Over one-fifth of the world's population live in China, which is undergoing rapid social change with liberalisation of the economy. There is currently a mass migration of men to meet the needs of economic growth. It is in this environment that sexual risk and injecting drug use behaviours flourish, and HIV spreads. …

  12. Education sector global HIV and AIDS readiness survey 2004: policy implications for education and development. An integration of perspectives from ministries of education and civil society

    The Education Sector Global HIV and AIDS Readiness Survey 2004: Policy Implications for Education and Development synthesises MoEs and civil society's assessment of activity, achievements, and planning regarding: Ministry of Education HIV and AIDS structures; Enabling environment for an effective response HIV and AIDS mainstreaming; Workplace issues and human resources; Workplace HIV and AIDS programmes; HIV and AIDS and the curriculum; Responses aimed at those infected and affected by HIV and AIDS; Partnership development in response to HIV and AIDS; Research guiding the response to HIV and A …

  13. Contributions of non formal education to HIV prevention education in Nigeria: case study and inventory of NGO practices

    This paper is concerned with the need to address the fact that with over 5 per cent of the population of Nigeria infected with HIV, and the adult mortality rate continuing to rise, Nigeria is now at a potentially explosive stage of the epidemic. In particular it is concerned with the role of Non- Formal Education (NFE) in combating the spread of HIV/AIDS. It begins by first outlining the numerous positive steps taken by the following organisations: the Nigerian Government, the education sector, Federal Parastatals, civil society, non-governmental organisations and donor agencies. …

  14. Longue quête d'un dialogue: l'expérience du Projet AIDSCAP au Sénégal dans l'implication des leaders d'opinion dans la lutte contre le SIDA

    This brochure is based on a case study of the political dialogue in Senegal on the issue of AIDS. It attempts to define mechanisms that promote this dialogue in which all the country's socio-political actors are expected to be involved.

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