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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. AIDS in the family and community: The impact on child health in Malawi

    Pediatric HIV infections jeopardize children’s health and survival. Much less is known about how the experiences of being orphaned, living with chronically ill parents, or living in a severely affected community impact child health. Our study responds by examining which HIV/AIDS-related experiences place children at greatest risk for poor health. …

  2. Local government responses to HIV/AIDS: a handbook. A Handbook to support local government authorities in addressing HIV/AIDS at the municipal level

    This handbook has been written for local government authorities (LGA) mayors, councilors, advisors and officials that are interested in developing or strengthening local responses to HIV/AIDS. It provides information, examples, and illustrative tools (surveys, checklists, modules, etc.) that guide users through the steps of recognizing and publicly acknowledging the importance of addressing HIV/AIDS, assessing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the locality, and identifying key stakeholders to initiate and coordinate a Local Government (LG) HIV/AIDS Response Strategy. …

  3. Condoms in sub-Saharan Africa

    Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is the region with the world’s highest rates of HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs), yet numerous studies show that condom use is generally rare. This suggests a need for a better understanding of how condoms fit within sexual practices and relationships in SSA. This paper seeks to address this need by reviewing research published between the late 1980s and 2011 on use and factors influencing use of male condoms in SSA. …

  4. Kenya's cash transfer program: protecting the health and human rights of orphans and vulnerable children

    In Kenya, as in other countries of sub-Saharan Africa heavily burdened by HIV/ AIDS, orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) face poverty and despair. There is an urgent need to provide a comprehensive response that supports families and communities in their efforts to care for children and safeguard their rights. The government of Kenya has established a cash transfer program that delivers financial and social support directly to the poorest households containing OVC, with special concern for those children with or affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  5. Young people we care! Making a difference in our community

    This book is designed by the NGO "Young people we care" to encourage and help groups of young people to support younger children, their peers and adults who are living in communities and households affected by AIDS. It was published in 2005 in Zimbabwe. It can also be used by organisations that want to encourage young people to support their home-based care activities or organisations assisting children affected by AIDS. Young people we care is for use by any group of young people aged 15-24 years. …

  6. HIV and AIDS prevention and control act N° 14 of 30 December 2006

    An act of parliament to provide measures for the prevention, management and control of HIV and AIDS, to provide for the protection and promotion of public health and for the appropriate treatment, counseling, support and care of persons infected or at risk of HIV and AIDS infection, and for connected purposes.

  7. Uganda HIV/AIDS Control Project (UACP). The Community HIV/AIDS Initiative, CHAI: community orientation brief

    The Uganda HIV/AIDS Control Project aims to: reduce the spread of HIV infection; Mitigate the health and socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS at individual, household and community levels; and strengthen the national capacity to respond to the epidemic. Under this project, a component known as the community-led HIV/AIDS initiative (CHAIs) has been designed to assist the different communities/social groups organize and appreciate the HIV/AIDS problem as well as to identify, implement and manage their desired sub-projects.

  8. Multisectoral responses to HIV/AIDS

    HIV/AIDS is a crisis that expands beyond the health sector and will soon touch everyone in Africa. It is a development problem that defies easy answers and routine solutions. Therefore, creativity, synergy, and collaboration from all sectors of society are required to find solutions to mitigate and prevent the expansion of the epidemic.Many organizations working in Africa, particularly those not involved in health, have been feeling the effects of HIV/AIDS on their programs and asked USAID for some guidance in how to address these complicated issues. …

  9. Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS: looking beyond awareness

    This VSO Experience in Focus publication shares lessons from the early stages of VSO's experience of mainstreaming HIV/AIDS as part of the Regional AIDS Initiative of Southern Africa, RAISA. As the AIDS pandemic evolves, people are learning about appropriate responses. …

  10. Helping ourselves: community responses to AIDS in Swaziland

    The Kingdom of Swaziland now has the highest recorded HIV prevalence in the world, and this southern African country faces enormous challenges, particularly when it comes to looking after the thousands of children orphaned by the epidemic. However, much inspirational work is being done at community level to put in place structures and programmes to stem the flow of infections and mitigate the impact. …

  11. HIV and AIDS and STI strategic plan for South Africa, 2007-2011

    The HIV & AIDS and STI Strategic Plan for South Africa 2007 2011 (NSP) flows from the National Strategic Plan of 2000 2005, the Operational Plan for Comprehensive HIV and AIDS Care, Management, and Treatment (CCMT) as well as other HIV and AIDS strategic frameworks developed for government and sectors of civil society in the past five years. It represents the country s multi-sectoral response to the challenge with HIV infection and the wide-ranging impacts of AIDS. …

  12. Focus Group Discussion on Social Cultural Factors Impacting on HIV/AIDS in Uganda

    The main objective of the study was to establish the social and cultural factors that have impacted on HIV/AIDS in Uganda and in particular their role in enhancing behaviour change. The Specific objectives were: To verify the relevance of the "Cautious Shift" Model to the HIV/AIDS context in Uganda. To describe and understand the social and cultural environment and strategies that contributed to behavioural change in Uganda. To document community based strategies that have been used to bring about behaviour change. …

  13. Ethiopian strategic plan for intensifying multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS response (2004-2008)

    The ongoing multi-sectoral response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic is framed around the National policy and the Five-year Strategic Framework that were issued out in 1998 and 1999 respectively. This Strategic Plan and Management (SPM) has been prepared mainly through desktop review. Critical analysis and synthesis of the relevant documents was carried out with the involvement of relevant individuals and institutions during regular consultation and brainstorming sessions. …

  14. Building Blocks: Africa-wide briefing notes

    By 2010, more than 25 million children are expected to have lost one or both parents to AIDS. Families and communities need support to help care for the rapidly growing numbers of orphans and vulnerable children. The Building Blocks briefing notes provide issues and principles for guiding strategy, while drawing on best practice from programme experience. They were developed through a participative process involving more than 80 people across Africa, who have commented and provided case studies, guided by an international advisory board. …

  15. A review of household and community responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the rural areas of Sub-Saharan Africa

    The purpose of this study is to review existing literature on household and community HIV/AIDS coping strategies and to make policy recommendations. It is intended to serve as a background paper to stimulate discussion among the UN Theme Groups on HIV/AIDS and major stakeholders on what can be done. The focus is on sub-Saharan Africa. It is a desk review and has some limitations in coverage.

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