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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and practices of young people in Cross River State and Kogi State, Nigeria

    Communication for Change (C-Change) works around the world to improve the effectiveness and sustainability of social and behavior change communication (SBCC) across program areas, including health, environment, economic growth and poverty alleviation, and democracy and governance. In Nigeria, C-Change supports health and HIV prevention objectives of the USAID Mission. The project is building SBCC capacity for country-driven interventions that aim to prevent new HIV infections, reduce HIV prevalence among high-risk groups, and stabilize HIV prevalence within the general population. …

  2. A school-based AIDS education programme for secondary school students in Nigeria: a review of effectiveness

    This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of health education initiatives to increase knowledge and improve attitudes and behaviors in response to rising HIV incidence. In this study, 223 students who received comprehensive health education were compared to 217 control group students who did not receive this education. …

  3. Prevention is for life. HIV/AIDS: dispatches from the field

    Although HIV can strike anyone, it is not an equal opportunity virus. Gender inequality, poverty, lack of education and inadequate access to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services continue to fuel the epidemic. This booklet will detail how and why prevention works. By applying the principles of prevention to diverse populations around the world, the global community can help slow, and possibly halt, what is proving to be one of the greatest health challenges of our time. …

  4. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  5. Are Africans practicing safer sex: evidence from demographic and health surveys for eight countries

    The authors use repeated rounds of Demographic and Health Survey data from eight african countries to examine changes in and determinants of three HIV risk behaviors: age at first intercourse; number of current sexual partners, and use of condoms. They find some evidence of changes in sample composition, which is easily handled in a multivariate framework, and find evidence as well of changes in how people respond to questions about HIV behavior. …

  6. The ABCs and beyond: developing and operations research agenda on comprehensive behavior change approaches for HIV prevention. Report from a technical meeting

    A report of a one-day Technical Meeting organized by the HORIZONS Program in April 2003 with the main objective to develop and set priorities for an operations research agenda on outstanding questions about effective behaviour change strategies for HIV risk reduction, particularly those that focus on what have been called the "ABC" behaviours: Abstinence or delayed sexual initiation, Be faithful/reducing number of partners, and Condom.

  7. National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey

    The 2003 National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey (NARHS) is a nationally representative survey of 10 000 respondents consisting of 5 128 women aged 15-49 years and 4 962 men aged 15-64 years. …

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