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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Cost-effectiveness analysis: educational interventions that reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS infection in Kenyan teenagers

    This paper demonstrates a comprehensive and thorough application of an education cost-effectiveness analysis. Two interventions implemented in Western Kenya aimed to reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS contraction in middle school girls. The cost-effectiveness of each intervention is assessed, ex post facto, by combining the results of the two programs’ evaluations with their costs. As few education evaluations consider cost, this article highlights a sound and disciplined method to use when detailed cost information is both readily available and unavailable. …

  2. Co-financing HIV programmes improves overall development results

    This brief provides evidence-backed advice to policymakers on how to get greater impact from HIV financing. RethinkHIV is a new research initiative, funded by the Rush Foundation, that aims to conduct and evaluate cutting-edge research to inform long-term planning and resource-allocation for the treatment and management of HIV/AIDS.

  3. Discussion paper: Cash transfers and HIV prevention

    This discussion paper synthesizes the evidence for the effectiveness of cash transfers for HIV prevention and explores implications and opportunities for advancing research and policy agendas. Much of this evidence centres on girls and young women, who bear significant HIV burdens, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, and often have less control over their sexual choices than do men. Many forms of transfers exist that may contribute to HIV prevention. …

  4. Cost analysis of school-based sexuality education programs in six countries

    Policy-makers who are making decisions on sexuality education programs face important economic questions: what are the costs of developing sexuality education programs; and what are the costs of implementing and scaling them up? This study responds to these questions by assessing the costs of six school-based sexuality education programs (Nigeria, Kenya, Indonesia, India, Estonia and the Netherlands). Cost analyses were carried out in schools that were fully implementing a SE program, as this best reflects the resources needed to run an effective program. …

  5. Social protection and cash transfers to strengthen families affected by HIV and AIDS

    Based on a review of over 300 documents, this monograph examines how social protection can be used to protect children and families affected by HIV and AIDS. It reviews evidence on the impacts of 10 unconditional cash transfer (UCT) programs in southern and East Africa and 10 conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs in Latin America. …

  6. Feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness and cost of models integrating HIV prevention and counseling and testing for HIV within family planning services in North West Province, South Africa

    In South Africa, care and support and antiretroviral (ARV) treatment for individuals infected with HIV is available at a few selected hospitals as a first step in the national treatment roll out. However, counseling and testing for HIV (C&T) is currently limited to antenatal care (ANC) settings and a few stand-alone centers. Uptake is limited, even within the ANC setting where C&T is systematically offered to clients for the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). C&T services have yet to be integrated into other reproductive health services. …

  7. Costs and choices: financing the long-term fight against AIDS

    In 2031 the AIDS pandemic will enter its 50th year. This report comes at a major crossroads in the history of the response to AIDS, as costs are rising rapidly at a time of economic uncertainty and tightening funds. This is the moment when wise policy decisions are needed, in order to contain spending, improve the efficiency of resource use, and ensure fair and sustainable financing for the global AIDS effort. …

  8. Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS. Gateways to integration: a case study from Haiti

    The process of linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS needs to work in both directions: this means that traditional sexual and reproductive health services need to integrate HIV/AIDS interventions, and also that programmes set up to address the AIDS epidemic need to integrate more general services for sexual and reproductive health. While there is broad consensus that strengthening linkages should be beneficial for clients, only limited evidence is published regarding real benefits, feasibility, costs and implications for health systems. …

  9. Reproductive health interventions: which ones work and what do they cost?

    The paper assesses effective interventions and their cost for three main components of reproductive health: family planning, safe motherhood, and STD/HIV/AID prevention and treatment. The paper also suggests some of the economic criteria governments can use to determine the role of the public sector in providing and/or financing reproductive health services. Tables showing the health benefits of family planning, and charts showing characteristics of HIV education and prevention programs that "work" or "do not work" are also included in appendices.

  10. Cost-effectiveness analysis and HIV/AIDS

    Cost-effectiveness analysis is an important tool in the priority-setting process of strategic planning. In responding to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the costs and consequences of initiatives proposed in an HIV/AIDS programme must be made available to decision-makers to make best use of scarce resources.

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