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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National HIV prevention strategy 2011-2015: expanding and doing HIV prevention better

    The overall goal of the strategy is to reduce the HIV incidence by at least 30 percent based on 2009 baseline. This will result into 40 percent reduction of the projected number of new HIV infections by 2015, in line with the HIV prevention targets in the National Development Plan and avert about 180,000 new infections over five years. Virtual elimination of vertical transmission of HIV is an integral part of this overall goal. The strategy has five objectives: 1. To increase adoption of safer sexual behaviours and reduce risk taking behaviours. 2. …

  2. Sierra Leone: national strategic plan on HIV/AIDS 2016-2020

    The goal of our 2016-2020 HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan is to achieve zero new infection, zero discrimination and zero AIDS related deaths. The main strategy will be to Test All, Treat All, and Retain All. Our approach to achieve this challenging task will be based on combination prevention that delivers multiple HIV prevention services focusing on people and places where it makes the most difference and elimination of mother to child transmission and HIV treatment as prevention. …

  3. Consejería en salud sexual y reproductiva para adolescentes: orientaciones para los equipos de atención primaria: guía práctica

    Esta Guía de Consejería se enmarca dentro de un conjunto de acciones del Programa Nacional de Salud Integral de Adolescentes y Jóvenes del Ministerio de Salud, iniciado en el año 2008, y entrega recomendaciones prácticas a los equipos de salud. Incluye conceptos básicos de salud sexual y salud reproductiva, desarrollo temáticos específicos de consejería para la prevención del embarazo e ITS/VIH/SIDA, uso del condón, abordaje de distintas orientaciones e identidad sexual y consejería en hombres. …

  4. Looking ahead: HIV prevention amongst young people in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Based on lessons learned from the Adolescent-Friendly Services Pilot Experience

    The UNICEF-supported Adolescent Friendly Services (AFS) pilot project was implemented by the MoH in the Islamic Republic of Iran (hereafter referred to as Iran) from 2006 to 2011. While the project aimed to outreach in particular to the most vulnerable and at risk young people to help them protect themselves from HIV, it has also benefited the general public. …

  5. Draft Department of Basic Education national policy on HIV, STIs and TB

    The Department of Basic Education HIV, STIs and TB Policy applies to all learners, educators, school support staff and officials in the Basic Education Sector at all public and independent primary and secondary schools in the Republic of South Africa. …

  6. The utilisation of psychological support services in primary schools in Gauteng

    This qualitative study was conducted in four Gauteng public primary schools to assess the utilisation of psychological support services. Individual and focus group interviews were conducted with various stakeholders. The results indicated an underutilisation of Psychological Support Services attributed to lack of staff within the support services, an abundance of paperwork, staff turnover and unavailability, and inefficient response time to requests. …

  7. Challenges and opportunities in HIV/AIDS counseling: a case of Jharkhand

    The study highlights the challenges and opportunities in HIV/AIDS counseling. The major challenges are recruiting the right individuals and their capacity building and retention. The finding shows that most of the counselors are not befitting in terms of qualification and experience besides motivation, remuneration, and other issues. The study suggests that to ensure the effective counseling to reverse the epidemic, it is important to focus on such issues through appropriate policy interventions.

  8. Sexual/gender minorities in Thailand: Identities, challenges, and voluntary-sector counseling

    This article has 3 objectives: (a) to chart current Thai sexual/gender-minority terminology and identities, (b) to identify challenges in the lives of sexual/gender minorities in Thailand, and (c) to evaluate how both identities and challenges are reflected in voluntary-sector counseling. The author summarizes terminology and issues from existing Thai and foreign studies and reports the results of a qualitative inquiry into the state of counseling in 3 Thai nongovernmental organizations. …

  9. Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS. Gateways to integration: a case study from Swaziland

    This document is in three parts. It first discusses the 4 prongs for the elimination of HIV infection among children; in other words, the 4 prongs of PMTCT. The 4 prongs are: (1) preventing unintended pregnancies among women living with HIV, (2) preventing new HIV infections, (3) safer infant feedings, and (4) treatment. This document focuses primarily on the first 2 prongs and how PMTCT is critical because the impact of keeping children alive will be lost if their mothers are not also kept alive. …

  10. Promoting Health-Seeking Behaviours and Quality of Care among Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender Women: Evidence from 5 Provinces in Thailand

    The study was commissioned by UNESCO Bangkok and aims to increase understanding about the health-seeking behavior of MSM/TG women in Thailand, including perceptions of illness, sources of information on sexual health, types of health services accessed, and constraints and obstacles in accessing healthcare; and to evaluate whether existing sexual health services meet the needs of MSM and TG women in the current Thai context, and develop recommendations for community groups/organizations, policy-makers (in light of Thailand’s revised National AIDS strategy), health service providers and developi …

  11. In-school HIV and AIDS counselling services in Botswana: an exploratory study

    This exploratory study describes the provision of HIV & AIDS counselling services in Botswana junior secondary schools as perceived by teachers. A total of 45 teachers (age range = 20-55; teaching experience range = 0-21 years) from three schools participated. The participants completed a questionnaire on the types of HIV & AIDS-related counselling services provided in the junior secondary schools services, their self-rated HIV & AIDS counselling training needs and their perceived importance of the HIV & AIDS-related counselling services. …

  12. Teacher peer counseling on HIV/AIDS successes and lessons learned from Mangochi District, Malawi, September 2008

    More than forty percent of teacher deaths in Malawi are related to HIV/AIDS, making AIDS-related death the most common cause of teacher attrition. In Malawi's Mangochi District, an average of three teachers die every month due to illness related to HIV/AIDS, with 52 teachers - 4.3 percent of the teaching corps - dying between June 2006 and August 2008.2 To respond to this crisis, Save the Children initiated an HIV/AIDS peer counseling program for teachers. A needs assessment showed that teachers, like others, rarely go for testing and generally lack access to anti-retroviral medications. …

  13. Guidelines for counselling youth on sexuality

    Nearly half of the people in the world are under the age of 25, with one in three people aged between 10 and 24 years. Youth are most at risk of HIV infection and other sexual health problems. These include unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The HIV pandemic has made us think about how and when to have sex in a way that is healthy for our partners and ourselves. This includes knowing how to say 'no' to sex when we do not want it. Many youth have a lot of knowledge about HIV prevention, but this knowledge is not always right. …

  14. HIV Counselling Trainer's Manual for the Asia-Pacific

    This trainer's manual was developed to facilitate the delivery of high-quality HIV counselling training courses. It forms part of the HIV Counselling Resource Training Package, which also includes the HIV Counselling Handbook: A Comprehensive Guide to Voluntary Counselling and Testing, Provider-Initiated Testing and Counselling, and Care Counselling and Tools for HIV Counselling.

  15. HIV Counselling Handbook for the Asia-Pacific

    This handbook was developed for trainers, counsellors in training, and working counsellors to assist them in delivering high-quality HIV testing and counselling services. It highlights the important contribution of counsellors to HIV prevention, care, and support activities and forms one of three parts of the HIV Counselling Resource Package, which also includes trainer's session plans, participatory learning activities, and an HIV counsellor's toolkit.

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