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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Condoms in sub-Saharan Africa

    Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is the region with the world’s highest rates of HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs), yet numerous studies show that condom use is generally rare. This suggests a need for a better understanding of how condoms fit within sexual practices and relationships in SSA. This paper seeks to address this need by reviewing research published between the late 1980s and 2011 on use and factors influencing use of male condoms in SSA. …

  2. Turning a crisis into an opportunity: Strategies for scaling up the national response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Lesotho

    The way we interpret and understand HIV/AIDS influences our choice for programmatic interventions. Therefore, this report begins by providing conceptual starting points for a comprehensive understanding of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Chapter 1 sets the national historic context, which serves as a backdrop to the heritage which we seek to preserve, and the will of the people to win. …

  3. Maisha Newsletter December 2011

    Maisha+ focuses on sharing experiences and lessons in reaching out to the hard-to-reach community populations in Sub Saharan African with HIV and AIDS interventions. In this issue: -Towards zero HIV infections, discrimination and AIDS deaths for hard to reach communities -Violence against women contributing to spread of HIV -Supporting Associations of people living with HIV in Uganda -Challenges in addressing traditional beliefs and practices in HIV and AIDS among the Maasai -Working with sexual minorities in Rwanda -Stop the discrimination! -testimony from a victim of assault

  4. Making sense of capacity development: experiences with technical assistance and capacity development in the HIV response

    The objectives of this book are: 1. To share case studies of technical capacity development for use by countries, individuals and organizations working in the field of HIV. 2. To highlight innovations and approaches which can be adapted or adopted when planning and implementing capacity development and technical support in HIV for strengthening national capacity. The book includes a case study from Brazil: "Harmonization of Public Policies around HIV Prevention in Schools" which shares experiences from the International Centre for Technical Cooperation (ICTC). …

  5. HIV and AIDS in the Caucasus Region: A Socio-Cultural Approach

    This work is the outcome of a year-long project directed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), funded by the Flemish government, and assisted by the National HIV/AIDS Centers in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. …

  6. Knowledge, attitudes and practices concerning HIV/AIDS among Iranian at-risk sub-populations

    This study in 2003 looked at knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning HIV among 3 high-risk groups (201 cross-border truck drivers, 50 female sex workers and 754 youths) in 4 cities in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The level of knowledge about HIV was low on average, especially among individuals with high-risk behaviours. Truck drivers and female sex workers had higher knowledge about sexually transmitted infections than youths but their knowledge came primarily from personal experience rather than public awareness programmes. …

  7. A systematic literature review of HIV and AIDS research in Papua New Guinea 2007-2008

    The primary objectives of the review were to systematically collect and review studies on HIV, AIDS, STIs and STDs conducted in PNG between 2007 and 2008; to assess the quality and reliability of these studies; and to synthesize the research findings under common thematic areas. The secondary objective of the review was to identify relevant recommendations for researchers, policy makers, practitioners, and stakeholders. …

  8. Directory of young Brazilian media producers for STD/AIDS prevention

    This multilingual directory contains information about 21 young media producers (17-25 years-old), who answered the project Launching the basis of a Network of Young Brazilian Media Producers for HIV/AIDS Prevention. UNESCO's initiatives on prevention of HIV/AIDS are mainly addressed to young people, considered as "the key agents of the fight against AIDS" by the United Nations. UNESCO attaches great importance to the use of the new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the dissemination of preventive information on STDs/HIV/AIDS among young people.

  9. Fight against HIV/AIDS

    This socio-cultural study is based on testimonials and interviews of Liberian people. With 42% of the population within the age group of 15-49 years, the country exhibits features of an in-built population momentum. These variables provide a grounds for an inevitable exponential rise in the prevalence of HIV infection in the country. The overall objective of this study is to generate socio-cultural information concerning key problems in HIV/AIDS prevention initiatives. …

  10. Culturally appropriate HIV behaviour change communication in the Republic of Armenia: a guide on HIV behaviour change communication (BCC) programming

    The primary purpose of the Guide is to facilitate the design of more efficient behaviour change communication. This document provides information on culturally appropriate communication for behaviour change and its role in the response to HIV. The Guide also presents activities on BCC implementation in Armenia, as well as recommendations, which can be used at national and local levels. …

  11. HIV in the Middle East

    HIV in the Middle East is a short article written by C. Makhlouf Obermeyer from the Department of HIV/AIDS of the WHO in Geneva, Switzerland, in 2006. It summarizes what is known about the HIV epidemic in the Middle East and north Africa region and examines the extent to which lower prevalence can be attributed to cultural factors, particularly those related to the practice of Islam and gender. …

  12. Joint HIV Mainstreaming in German Development Cooperation in Tanzania

    Under the umbrella of Joint HIV Mainstreaming in German Development Cooperation the implementing agencies GTZ, ded, InWent, KfW and the German Embassy in Tanzania held their First joint HIV Mainstreaming Day for national Personnel on 7th August 2009 in Dar es Salaam. The main focus of the meeting was on learning more about the implementation of HIV Workplace Programmes (WPP) and discussing different aspects of HIV Policies, such as the importance of equal rights and employment opportunities. The document is a folder which was distributed to the participants of the meeting. …

  13. Communications framework for HIV/AIDS. A new direction

    The Joint United NAtions Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) responded to the increasing epidemic of HIV/AIDS by initiating a participatory research process conducted through five consultative workshops to examine the global use of communications for HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support. This document describes the findings and recommendations of consultations on ways to make HIV/AIDS communication considerably more effective in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Carribean. …

  14. Legal Education and Will Writing. For the Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children, Persons Living with HIV and other Persons Affected by HIV. Facilitator's Guide

    Legal Education and Will Writing. For the Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children, Persons Living with HIV and other Persons Affected by HIV. Facilitator's Guide, is a manual developed by the project Global HIV/AIDS Initiative Nigeria funded by USAID and coordinated by Family Health International in Nigeria. The manual presents the basic facts contained in the Nigerian Constitution, the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women and the Child's Right Act 2003, and provides practical tips on will writing. …

  15. Young people we care! Making a difference in our community

    This book is designed by the NGO "Young people we care" to encourage and help groups of young people to support younger children, their peers and adults who are living in communities and households affected by AIDS. It was published in 2005 in Zimbabwe. It can also be used by organisations that want to encourage young people to support their home-based care activities or organisations assisting children affected by AIDS. Young people we care is for use by any group of young people aged 15-24 years. …

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