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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The youth bulge and HIV

    In many sub-Saharan African countries, declines in child mortality combined with a slow decline in fertility have resulted in children and young adults comprising a large part of the overall population. This is known as the youth bulge. The youth bulge is not new. Younger generations have almost always been larger than the previous generation. However, before the twentieth century, high child mortality meant that a large proportion of children did not survive to adulthood. …

  2. Burundi : enquête démographique et de santé 2016-2017 rapport de synthèse

    La troisième Enquête Démographique et de Santé au Burundi de 2016-2017 (EDSB-III) est une enquête par sondage représentative au niveau national. L’EDSB-III fournit des informations dans plusieurs domaines comme la fécondité, l’activité sexuelle, les préférences en matière de fécondité, la connaissance et l’utilisation des méthodes de planification familiale. …

  3. Reproductive Health Survey Russia 2011: executive summary

    Specific objectives of the RURHS11 were: to assess current levels and trends in fertility, abortion, contraception, and various other reproductive health indicators; to enable policy makers, program managers, and researchers to evaluate existing reproductive health programs and develop new strategies; to study factors that affect fertility, contraceptive use, and maternal and infant health, such as geographic and sociodemographic factors, breastfeeding patterns, use of induced abortion, and availability of family planning services; to identify characteristics of women at increased risk of uni …

  4. Afghanistan: demographic and health survey 2015

    The primary objective of the 2015 AfDHS project is to provide up-to-date estimates of basic demographic and health indicators. Specifically, the AfDHS collected information on knowledge and practice of family planning, fertility levels, marriage, fertility preferences, child feeding practices, nutritional status of children and women, childhood mortality, maternal and child health, awareness and attitudes regarding HIV/AIDS, knowledge about other illnesses (e.g., tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C), women’s empowerment and domestic violence. …

  5. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2013

    This report summarises the findings of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS), implemented by the National Population Commission (NPC). The 2013 NDHS is a national sample survey that provides up-to-date information on background characteristics of the respondents. …

  6. Rapport annuel du secrétariat exécutif national 2014

    Le présent rapport s’inscrit dans l’optique de rendre compte du niveau de réalisation des activités de lutte contre le VIH/sida en République Démocratique du Congo en 2013, dernière année de la mise en œuvre du Plan Stratégique National 2010-2014 revu et actualisé pour couvrir la période 2014-2017. Ce rapport est structuré en six points suivis d’annexes : 1. Contexte du pays ; 2. Cadre et organisation de la lutte contre le VIH/sida en RDC ; 3. Résultats de mise en œuvre du plan d’action 2013, a. Situation épidémiologique, b. Etat de la réponse, c. Organes d’exécution et de mise en œuvre ; 4. …

  7. Plan estratégico nacional (PEN) VIH y sida 2011-2015

    El Plan Estratégico Nacional (PEN) VIIH y sida 2011-2015 es el instrumento que define la estrategia nacional en la lucha contra este virus, considerando la situación actual, el marco jurídico y las posibilidades de respuesta nacional e internacional en el cumplimiento de acuerdos establecidos. En este documento se expone la situación actual y epidemiológica del país, el marco normativo, la organización de la respuesta nacional y su abordaje estratégico. El mismo presenta ocho grandes áreas, con acciones estratégicas, indicadores, líneas de base, costos y fuentes de financiamiento. …

  8. Politique nationale en faveur des orphelins et des autres enfants vulnérables

    Le Ministère de la Solidarité Nationale, du Rapatriement, de la Reconstruction Nationale, des Droits de la Personne Humaine et du Genre a alors comme mission principale de promouvoir le bien-être de la population basé sur une solidarité sociale ou communautaire. …

  9. Dating violence among school students in Tanzania and South Africa: prevalence and socio-demographic variations

    Aims: To identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. …

  10. Opportunity in crisis: preventing HIV from early adolescence to young adulthood

    This newly released report, published by UNICEF with UNAIDS, UNESCO, UNFPA, ILO, WHO and the World Bank, describes the state of the epidemic in young people, the evidence for effective responses that address behavioural, social and structural challenges and prevent new HIV infections in young people. Country-specific data is shared.

  11. The HIV/AIDS Pandemic in Comparative Perspective: The Cases of India and Russia

    After examining the history of HIV/AIDS in Russia and India, the article examines the present prevalence of, and future projections for, HIV/AIDS in both countries. It also discusses the economic, political, and social consequences of the pandemic in either region, while evaluating the effectiveness of the Indian and Russian governmental attempts to stem the health crisis. The article concludes with certain policy recommendations for the target countries' respective governments.

  12. The Socioeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS in China

    This report is the summary report of a full study supported by British Department for International Development, UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS in China and United Nations Children's Fund.This study consists of the following parts: - Socioeconomic factors contributing to HIV epidemic; - The estimation the number of HIV/AIDS cases by the end of 2001 and projection the trend over the next decade; - An analysis of the socioeconomic impact of AIDS on three levels: family, health sector and macroeconomics; - Recommendations on prevention and control of HIV/AIDS.

  13. Demographic and socioeconomic patterns of HIV/AIDS prevalence in Africa

    Understanding the demographic and socioeconomic patterns of the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa is crucial for developing programs and policies to combat HIV/AIDS. This paper looks critically at the methods and analytical challenges to study the links between socioeconomic and demographic status and HIV/AIDS. Some of the misconceptions about the HIV/AIDS epidemic are discussed and unusual empirical evidence from the existing body of work is presented. Several important messages emerge from the results. …

  14. From Schooling Access to Learning Outcomes: An Unfinished Agenda

    From Schooling Access to Learning Outcomes: An Unfinished Agenda, An Evaluation of World Bank Support to Primary Education is a document made by the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) of the World Bank Group in 2006. The goals of evaluation are to learn from experience, to provide an objective basis for assessing the results of the Bank Group's work, and to provide accountability in the achievement of its objectives. It also improves Bank Group work by identifying and disseminating the lessons learned from experience and by framing recommendations drawn from evaluation findings. …

  15. Plan estrategico nacional para la prevencion, atencion y control del VIH-SIDA e ITS, 2005-2010

    Para seguir con la respuesta nacional al VIH-SIDA, el Programa Nacional hizo una amplia convocatoria de instituciones y organizaciones relacionadas con esta problemática, a fin de actualizar para los años 2005-2010 el Plan Estratégico Nacional para la Prevención, Atención y Control del VIH-SIDA e ITS existente. …

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