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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Step up the pace: towards an AIDS-free generation in West and Central Africa

    The West and Central Africa region has one of the world’s highest HIV burdens among children and adolescents, second only to that of Eastern and Southern Africa. Yet, due to its lower HIV prevalence rate, the epidemic has received less attention than in other regions. …

  2. HIV/AIDS national strategic plans of Sub-Saharan African countries: an analysis for gender equality and sex-disaggregated HIV targets

    National Strategic Plans (NSPs) for HIV/AIDS are country planning documents that set priorities for programmes and services, including a set of targets to quantify progress toward national and international goals. The inclusion of sex- disaggregated targets and targets to combat gender inequality is important given the high disease burden among young women and adolescent girls in Sub-Saharan Africa, yet no comprehensive gender-focused analysis of NSP targets has been performed. …

  3. Enabling journalism educators to support comprehensive governance responses to HIV/AIDS and other development challenges through journalism education: assessment of the current status of HIV/AIDS teaching in four journalism schools in South Africa

    This report provides: 1. Analysis and reflection of current approaches to include HIV/AIDS and other development issues in journalism education at participating institutions. 2. Teaching approaches at the participating institutions with potential to prepare journalism students for their roles in democratic process. 3. Recommendations, based on the assessment results, on how HIV/AIDS can form part of curricula. 4. An outline of a proposed curriculum that uses HIV and AIDS issues as a basis for exploring civic-minded approaches to journalistic practice based on the assessment findings.

  4. HIV/AIDS and the health-related Millennium Development Goals: the experience in Ethiopia

    Ethiopia’s AIDS response is distinguished by its ‘integrated health system strengthening approach’ to expanding health service delivery. This approach is believed to have contributed to the significant strides the country has made towards the health MDGs. At the global level, in a drive to maximize efficiencies and demonstrate the impact of the substantial investments made in health over the last decade, there has been growing literature examining the positive bi-directional linkages between the response to AIDS and the MDGs. …

  5. HIV/AIDS and conflicts: micro evidence from Burundi

    This paper studies the relationship between civil war and HIV/AIDS in Burundi. It contributes to the empirical literature by providing micro level evidence using an identication strategy based on original data on the dynamics of rebel movements. The presence of exit and entry points from and to rebel safe havens is used to generate exogenous variation in con ict intensity. These points are plausibly assumed to serve as starting or end points for rebel attack, but are not directly related to HIV/AIDS or correlated with unobservables. …

  6. AIDS is Money: how donor preferences reconfigure local realities

    There is growing concern that the global response to AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is compromising the region's human development more broadly. Through a case study of Malawi, I examine the impact of AIDS prioritization by international donors on the country's NGOs and analyze why AIDS wields such influence on development work. In the last 20 years the Malawian NGO sector has evolved to favor AIDS above all else. AIDS has come to possess prestige and legitimacy that other development sectors are denied. …

  7. Making sense of capacity development: experiences with technical assistance and capacity development in the HIV response

    The objectives of this book are: 1. To share case studies of technical capacity development for use by countries, individuals and organizations working in the field of HIV. 2. To highlight innovations and approaches which can be adapted or adopted when planning and implementing capacity development and technical support in HIV for strengthening national capacity. The book includes a case study from Brazil: "Harmonization of Public Policies around HIV Prevention in Schools" which shares experiences from the International Centre for Technical Cooperation (ICTC). …

  8. Reviewing 'emergencies' for Swaziland: Shifting the paradigm in a new era

    Swaziland is experiencing a generalized epidemic. The world's highest HIV prevalence and the increasing number of deaths due to AIDS is having unprecedented impact on Swaziland. Worryingly, with a generation of orphans and rapidly escalating poverty, this desperate situation is being accepted as "normal". HIV/AIDS in Swaziland has been characterized by a slow onset of impacts that have failed to command an emergency response. With insufficient resource allocation and a lack of capacity, slow onset events can become emergencies. Allocating humanitarian funding according to need is important. …

  9. Migration and HIV/AIDS in Thailand: Triangulation of Biological, Behavioral and Programmatic Response Data in Selected Provinces

    Thailand has been a hub for migration in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region, particularly for labor migrants from the three neighboring countries namely Myanmar, Cambodia, and Lao PDR. It is estimated that over two million migrants are living and working in Thailand, in addition to some 150,000 displaced persons and asylum seekers who seek refuge in nine temporary shelters along the border. …

  10. Are Funding Decisions Based on Performance?

    This study is a comparison of approaches as practiced by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, and the World Bank's Multi-Country AIDS Program for Africa in Mozambique, Uganda, and Zambia. To what extent do the major funders of HIV/AIDS programs in developing countries use past performance to guide decisions about future funding? …

  11. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Poverty, Inequality and Economic Growth

    This paper reviews the literature on the socio-economic consequences of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, looking specifically at the interaction of HIV/AIDS with poverty and inequality at a household or micro level, and with economic growth at a macro level, highlighting findings from the most important studies, as well as recent original research. Its second part identifies important gaps in existing research and suggests how future research agendas may be developed. …

  12. National poverty reduction strategies and HIV/AIDS governance in Malawi: a preliminary study of shared health governance

    The public health and development communities understand clearly the need to integrate anti-poverty efforts with HIV/AIDS programs. This article reports findings about the impact of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) process on Malawi's National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework (NSF). How does the PRSP process support NSF accountability, participation, access to information, funding, resource planning and allocation, monitoring, and evaluation? …

  13. The evolution and future of donor assistance for HIV/AIDS. Working paper

    This working paper examines the evolution and impact of donor resource mobilization for HIV and AIDS; the potential effect of the current economic crisis on HIV and AIDS funding; immediate and long-term challenges and opportunities for donor assistance; and policy recommendations to the donor community and national governments to ensure steady, long-term funding for HIV and AIDS and alleviate the impact of future challenges.

  14. Making Prevention Work: Lessons from Zambia on Reshaping the U.S. Response to the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic

    In 2008, SIECUS staff traveled to Zambia with partners from Population Action International to meet directly with those who shape how PEPFAR's mandate is interpreted on the ground and those who experience the impact of that interpretation. …

  15. Le cadre juridique du VIH, du sida et des droits de l'homme dans les pays arabes

    Cette étude a été élaborée par l'Institut arabe des droits de l'homme et le Bureau régional de l'UNICEF à Oman en collaboration avec le PNUD, le bureau du Haut Commissariat des Droits de l'Homme et l'Organisation Internationale du Travail. Ce travail est consacré à l'étude de la réalité de la maladie du sida et de la situation des personnes atteintes par le VIH et sida dans le monde arabe. Il s'inscrit dans le cadre de l'action internationale pour la lutte contre le VIH et sida. …

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