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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Overlooked and at Risk: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Caribbean

    As long as criminalization of homosexuality and stigma, discrimination and violence against LGBT individuals continues in the Caribbean, the emotional and physical health of LGBT young people is at risk. All young people have the right to be treated equally under the law and to live free of discrimination and harassment. Organizations, governments, and individuals must work toward full acceptance and recognition of LGBT people, including young people.

  2. Can we measure HIV/AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination? Current Knowledge about Quantifying Stigma in Developing Countries

    HIV-related stigma and discrimination (S&D) has accompanied the AIDS epidemic from the start. Fear of and actual experience with stigma and discrimination reduce an individual's willingness to practice prevention, seek HIV testing, disclose his or her HIV status to others, ask for (or give) care and support, and begin and adhere to treatment. This report suggests ways to begin the process of quantitatively measuring HIV related stigma in an effort to help practitioners, policymakers and donors evaluate their programs. …

  3. Improving Hospital-based Quality of Care in Vietnam by Reducing HIV-related Stigma and Discrimination

    In Feburary 2008, Insitute for Social Development Studies and International Center for Research on Women, Horizons Program published the book: "Improving Hospital-based Quality of Care in Vietnam by Reducing HIV-related Stigma and Discrimination." The purpose of this book is to give information on reducing stigma and discrimination related to HIV and to improve the quality of care the healthcare setting in Viet Nam. The content of this book is the result from the intervention research in four hospitals in Viet Nam. …

  4. Tackling HIV-related stigma and discrimination in South Asia

    In its 2008 round, Tackling HIV and AIDS Stigma and Discrimination, the South Asia Region Development Marketplace (SARDM) supported 26 implementers from six countries to pilot innovative interventions over a 12- to 18-month period. The findings in this report are based on project monitoring and evaluation data collected by SARDM implementers and six case studies conducted by the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). They suggest some broad crosscutting principles as well as programmatic lessons associated with specific approaches. …

  5. Mekong Erotics: Men Loving/Pleasuring/Using Men in Lao PDR

    A survey conducted in 2007 found that 5.6 percent of MSM in Vientiane, the capital of Lao PDR, were tested positive for HIV. This book focuses on Kathoey/gay men in this region and topics vary from how they choose their partners to how they are involved in sexual activities.

  6. Individual- and community-level determinants of social acceptance of people living with HIV in Kenya: results from a national population-based survey

    Using data from the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, we investigated the influence of individual- and community-level factors on accepting attitudes toward people living with HIV (PHLIV) using three outcomes: willingness to care for an infected household member, willingness to buy vegetables from an infected vendor, and willingness to allow an infected female teacher to continue teaching. Multilevel logistic regression models, with individuals at the first level and community variables at the second level, were performed. …

  7. Reducing HIV stigma and discrimination: a critical part of national AIDS programmes

    Despite the pervasiveness of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in national HIV epidemics and their harmful impact in terms of public health and human rights, they remain seriously neglected issues in most national responses to HIV. National AIDS programmes - together with key partners - can take concrete steps to address these critical obstacles and help pave the way towards universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support. …

  8. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS and care. HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination: an anthropological approach

    Ce document résulte d'un projet conjoint de l'UNESCO et d'ONUSIDA intitulé "L'approche culturelle de la prévention et du traitement du VIH et sida". Il vise à lutter contre la stigmatisation et la discrimination des personnes vivant avec le VIH. Ce document présente les actes de la table ronde organisée en novembre 2002 dans le cadre du projet sur le thème: " VIH et sida, stigmatisation et discrimination : une approche anthropologique ". …

  9. HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Case studies of successful programmes

    From the start of the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negative impact associated with the epidemic. HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to be manifest in every country and region of the world, creating major barriers to preventing further infection, alleviating impact and providing adequate care, support and treatment. Projects, programmes and activities in a range of countries have innovatively challenged HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. …

  10. Stigma [ta]: Re-exploring HIV-related stigma. AIDS Review 2007

    Stigma(ta) AIDS Review 2007 offers a comprehensive overview of HIV and AIDS-related stigma and why it remains so pervasive in all societies. The strength of HIV and AIDS stigma challenges many of the beliefs people have held about AIDS and stigma. …

  11. Siyam'kela Research Report: A report on the fieldwork leading up to the development of HIV/AIDS stigma indicators and guidelines

    The focus of this report is on:the findings that informed the development of indicators for internal and external stigmathe findings that informed the development of guidelines to assist those who wish to develop interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS stigmathe qualitative exploration of stigma experiences and perceptions in focus groups.The collection of HIV/AIDS stigma experiences and perceptions involved a group of 182 participants who participated in 23 focus groups (conducted across all nine provinces of South Africa) and 11 in-depth interviews. …

  12. Reduction of HIV/AIDS Related Employment Discrimination in Viet Nam

    Reduction of HIV/AIDS Related Employment Discrimination UN Country Team Viet Nam, Discussion Paper No. 5, June 2004

  13. HIV/AIDS stigma and human rights: a localised investigation of Hammanskraal communities. A report of the Tswelopele Research Project of the Centre for the Study of AIDS

    The link between HIV/AIDS and human rights became apparent early on in the HIV/AIDS epidemic through the increased vulnerability of infection of some groups. HIV/AIDS is a human rights issue because groups that are already vulnerable to human rights violations - such as women, children, sex workers, and those living in poverty - are unable to realise their rights. …

  14. Disentangling HIV and AIDS Stigma in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia

    The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), in partnership with organizations in Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Zambia, led a study of HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in these three countries. This project, conducted from April 2001 to September 2003, unraveled the complexities around stigma by investigating the causes, manifestations and consequences of HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  15. Comparative analysis: research studies from India and Uganda: HIV and AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial

    Discrimination, stigmatisation and denial have been recognized as important issues to be addressed in the context of HIV/AIDS. Discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, or presumed to be infected, is a violation of human rights. All individuals deserve equal respect and dignity, whatever their situation and whatever their status. This key Material succinctly describes and compares findings from studies, conducted in India and Uganda, of the nature, determinants and effects of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial. …

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