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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Integrating a youth-based stigma and discrimination reduction curriculum in higher education: St Xavier’s College

    Stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) are common among young people. Yet there are few opportunities for youth to be exposed to interventions that address the key drivers of stigma and discrimination, namely lack of awareness of stigma and its harmful consequences, social judgment and fear of infection through casual contact. This project demonstrated that higher education can be an effective entry point for stigma reduction, by working with several groups and environments, in this case the faculty, students and college. …

  2. Sexual/gender minorities in Thailand: Identities, challenges, and voluntary-sector counseling

    This article has 3 objectives: (a) to chart current Thai sexual/gender-minority terminology and identities, (b) to identify challenges in the lives of sexual/gender minorities in Thailand, and (c) to evaluate how both identities and challenges are reflected in voluntary-sector counseling. The author summarizes terminology and issues from existing Thai and foreign studies and reports the results of a qualitative inquiry into the state of counseling in 3 Thai nongovernmental organizations. …

  3. Women and HIV in Viet Nam: Meeting the Needs. Report summary

    This report introduces current knowledge on the particular situation that Vietnamese women face with regard to HIV. Women are a critical population within the epidemic, not only in terms of sheer numbers, but as this report emphasizes, in terms of the disproportionate toll that HIV can take on their lives. Even as the rate of infection begins to stabilize among high-risk men, transmission continues from these men to their wives and regular partners. …

  4. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitudes towards people living with HIV among the general staff of a public university in Malaysia

    Stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV have been widely documented, and have extended their impact into the workplace. Stigmatising attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the workplace significantly hinder HIV prevention efforts and indirectly affect national development. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS and assess attitudes towards PLHIV among the general staff of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), as well as to identify factors that are associated with it.

  5. Need and Significance of HIV/AIDS Preventive Education in Pakistan

    This book gives a comprehensive view about threats of HIV/AIDS. The global, regional and national scenario as well we the impact of this disease, on socio economic development is explained in detail. It also throws light on the important role and the challenges being faced by education sector for prevention from the epidemic.

  6. Improving Hospital-based Quality of Care in Vietnam by Reducing HIV-related Stigma and Discrimination

    In Feburary 2008, Insitute for Social Development Studies and International Center for Research on Women, Horizons Program published the book: "Improving Hospital-based Quality of Care in Vietnam by Reducing HIV-related Stigma and Discrimination." The purpose of this book is to give information on reducing stigma and discrimination related to HIV and to improve the quality of care the healthcare setting in Viet Nam. The content of this book is the result from the intervention research in four hospitals in Viet Nam. …

  7. Diamonds: Stories of Women from the Asia Pacific Network of People Living with HIV

    This is a compilation of stories about the lives of women living with HIV in the Asia-Pacific region (Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Cambodia, India, THaïland, China, India, Malaysia, Viet Nam). Each woman has overcome incredible challenges to become a strong leader, advocate and role model for other HIV-positive women. These women are like diamonds, formed under immense pressure, hewn from the darkness to shine, strongest and most brilliant of all gems.

  8. Tackling HIV-related stigma and discrimination in South Asia

    In its 2008 round, Tackling HIV and AIDS Stigma and Discrimination, the South Asia Region Development Marketplace (SARDM) supported 26 implementers from six countries to pilot innovative interventions over a 12- to 18-month period. The findings in this report are based on project monitoring and evaluation data collected by SARDM implementers and six case studies conducted by the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). They suggest some broad crosscutting principles as well as programmatic lessons associated with specific approaches. …

  9. Blame and banishment: the underground HIV epidemic affecting children in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

    This report highlights the issues faced by children living with HIV, adolescents engaged in risky behaviors, pregnant women using drugs, and the more than one million children and young people who live or work on the streets of the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. Marginalized young people are exposed on a daily basis to multiple risks, including drug use, commercial sex and other exploitation and abuse, putting them at higher risk of contracting HIV. The trends are especially troubling, as the region is home to 3.7 million injecting drug users - almost a quarter of the world's total. …

  10. Mekong Erotics: Men Loving/Pleasuring/Using Men in Lao PDR

    A survey conducted in 2007 found that 5.6 percent of MSM in Vientiane, the capital of Lao PDR, were tested positive for HIV. This book focuses on Kathoey/gay men in this region and topics vary from how they choose their partners to how they are involved in sexual activities.

  11. Reducing HIV stigma and discrimination: a critical part of national AIDS programmes

    Despite the pervasiveness of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in national HIV epidemics and their harmful impact in terms of public health and human rights, they remain seriously neglected issues in most national responses to HIV. National AIDS programmes - together with key partners - can take concrete steps to address these critical obstacles and help pave the way towards universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support. …

  12. HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Case studies of successful programmes

    From the start of the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negative impact associated with the epidemic. HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to be manifest in every country and region of the world, creating major barriers to preventing further infection, alleviating impact and providing adequate care, support and treatment. Projects, programmes and activities in a range of countries have innovatively challenged HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. …

  13. Reduction of HIV/AIDS Related Employment Discrimination in Viet Nam

    Reduction of HIV/AIDS Related Employment Discrimination UN Country Team Viet Nam, Discussion Paper No. 5, June 2004

  14. Expanding the field of inquiry: A cross-country study of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS

    This report compares, analyses, and summarises findings from twelve case studies commissioned by the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in higher education institutions in Brazil, Burkina Faso, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Lebanon, Lesotho, Suriname, Thailand, and Viet Nam. …

  15. Comparative analysis: research studies from India and Uganda: HIV and AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial

    Discrimination, stigmatisation and denial have been recognized as important issues to be addressed in the context of HIV/AIDS. Discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, or presumed to be infected, is a violation of human rights. All individuals deserve equal respect and dignity, whatever their situation and whatever their status. This key Material succinctly describes and compares findings from studies, conducted in India and Uganda, of the nature, determinants and effects of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial. …

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