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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National implementation guidelines for HIV and STI programming among young key populations

    These guidelines aim to inform the design and implementation of interventions with young key populations (YKP), 15-24 years, specifically young women who sell sex, young men who have sex with men, and young people who inject drugs. The guidelines aim to accelerate the HIV response to end new HIV infections among young key populations. …

  2. National guidelines HIV testing and counselling

    The guidance provided in this document will assist in standardizing HIV testing and counselling service provision. The document is intended for policy makers, HIV and AIDS Programme managers and health care providers in the public, private and civil society settings.

  3. National Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for HIV Prevention Targeting Most-At-Risk Populations and Migrant Workers, 2010-2011, Thailand

    The National Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for HIV Prevention Targeting Most-At-Risk Populations and Migrant Workers provides a unified and harmonized monitoring and evaluation system for Thailand. It follows the principle of the Three Ones: one agreed HIV/AIDS action framework that provides the basis for coordinating the work of all partners; one national AIDS coordinating authority, with a broad based multi-sector mandate; and one agreed HIV country-level monitoring and evaluation system. …

  4. Evolution of China's response to HIV/AIDS

    This documents talks about Four factors which have driven China's response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic: (1) existing government structures and networks of relationships; (2) increasing scientific information; (3) external influences that underscored the potential consequences of an HIV/AIDS pandemic and thus accelerated strategic planning; and (4) increasing political commitment at the highest levels. China's response culminated in legislation to control HIV/AIDS - the AIDS Prevention and Control Regulations. Three major initiatives are being scaled up concurrently. …

  5. Inspiring Others To Change Their World

    This document is the annual report 2008 of AIDS Foundation East-West.

  6. Keeping the Promise: AIDS Foundation East-West (AFEW) Annual Report 2009

    This is the annual report 2009 of AFEW, the NGO working with some of the poorest and most vulnerable people in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to adress one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics in the world.

  7. HIV and AIDS in the Caucasus Region: A Socio-Cultural Approach

    This work is the outcome of a year-long project directed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), funded by the Flemish government, and assisted by the National HIV/AIDS Centers in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. …

  8. Protocol on Assessing Drug Use and HIV in Prison Settings

    In order to increase access to drug use and HIV/AIDS prevention and care services in the prison settings any response needs to be informed by a sound and proper assessment of the situation. As a minimum, this assessment needs to cover the drug use and HIV/AIDS prevalence, knowledge, attitude and behavior and treatment/prevention infrastructure situation in prisons as well as training needs of staff. This would ensure that activities and responses are evidence informed, monitored and evaluated (based on a regular assessment of the nature and magnitude of the problem). …

  9. HIV/AIDS policy in Vietnam: A civil society perspective

    HIV/AIDS has spread rapidly in Vietnam since the first case was registered in 1990, and today more than a quarter-million people in the country are living with HIV/AIDS. The national HIV prevalence rate among adults is 0.5 percent, but prevalence rates are significantly higher among high-risk groups, such as injecting drug users (33 to 65 percent) and sex workers (approximately 16 percent). However, the illegal nature of drug use and sex work has complicated efforts to prevent HIV among these high-risk groups. …

  10. Blame and banishment: the underground HIV epidemic affecting children in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

    This report highlights the issues faced by children living with HIV, adolescents engaged in risky behaviors, pregnant women using drugs, and the more than one million children and young people who live or work on the streets of the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. Marginalized young people are exposed on a daily basis to multiple risks, including drug use, commercial sex and other exploitation and abuse, putting them at higher risk of contracting HIV. The trends are especially troubling, as the region is home to 3.7 million injecting drug users - almost a quarter of the world's total. …

  11. A response to HIV and AIDS. Examples of successful HIV prevention in Eastern Europe, South-East Europe and Central Asia

    HIV is a threat to development, especially in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. German development policy is active in this region to find a joint response to HIV and AIDS and to contain the epidemic. Some of its most successful approaches are presented in this report. The main difference between HIV epidemics in Eastern Europe and those in Africa, Western Europe and North America is in the transmission routes that are most common, i.e. via sexual transmission or via shared use of non-sterile injecting equipment. Another difference is the particular vulnerability of certain social groups. …

  12. The HIV Epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, 1989-2007

    The article aims to investigate the characteristics and trends in the HIV epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, between 1989 and 2007. It shows that the HIV epidemic in Yunnan has progressed to a concentrated epidemic. Future efforts must focus not only on groups at risk for primary infection (injecting drug users, men who have sex with men, and female sex workers) but also on their low-risk sexual partners.

  13. Most-at-risk-adolescents: the evidence base for strengthening the HIV response in Ukraine

    This report presents the key findings of the research that UNICEF and its project partners carried out in Ukraine during 2007 and 2008.áIt discusses and interprets the results and the overall evidence base on especially vulnerable adolescents (EVA) and most-at-risk adolescents (MARA) boys and girls in the context of the country's planning and programming needs with regard to HIV/AIDS, and in the context of current efforts to develop one national HIV/AIDS monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system. …

  14. Women and girls confronting HIV and AIDS in Malaysia

    This report grows out of the shared belief that there must be a response to the impeding HIV crisis confronting women and girls in Malaysia. The increasingly feminised nature of the HIV epidemic in the country has been linked to issues affecting women's ability to control and decide issues relating to sex. Whether as injecting drug users, housewives, migrant workers, professionals, refugees or sex workers, women and girls experience HIV and AIDS differently compared to men and boys. Their risks and vulnerabilities to HIV require a gendered response. …

  15. Jamaica HIV/AIDS/STI national strategic plan 2002-2006

    The 2002-2006 National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan is a follow-up to the previous 1997-2001 Medium Term Plan, and takes into account the expanded response to HIV/AIDS in the region as well as the worsening epidemic in Jamaica. It has also recognized that HIV/AIDS is not only a health issue, but also a major developmental problem. The plan is based on the analysis of the national HIV/AIDS situation, risk behaviour and factors contributing to vulnerability to the infection. …

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